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The concept of separation of powers is one of the most important parts of the American constitution. Under the American Constitution, there is the executive branch of government, the legislature and the judiciary. Under the doctrine of separation of powers, roles for the three branches are defined and each branch is mandated to keep the other in check to ensure that none of the branches can appear more powerful than the other. This balance in exercise f power is vital in our democracy, since the will of the people cannot be easily trampled on.
The US independence declaration states: We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights. That among these rights are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.
In ensuring that these rights are protected, the constitution of the US has a bill of rights that states the right that are protected are:
- Freedom of speech, press, religion and petition.
- Right to keep and bear arms.
- Protection from quartering of soldiers.
- Protection from unreasonable search and seizure.
- Right to due process of the law.
- Right to trial by jury, speedy trial, public trial, counsel
- Right to civil trial by jury.
- Prohibition of excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment.
- Protection of rights not enumerated in the Constitution.
- Protection of the powers of the states and the people.
Recently, there has been the constitutional protection of the rights of gays and same sex marriages
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