PHI 210 SU Analyzing Science vs Pseudoscience Discussions

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Humanities

PHI 210

Strayer University

PHI

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1. "Identifying Truth or Fiction"

Please respond to the following:

The video clip ‘The Baloney Detection Kit’ in the Webtext this week discusses the many ways in which an effective critical thinker assesses the claims made by others.

Carefully define the terms 'science' and 'pseudoscience'. Thoroughly explain the difference between them and provide your references.

Also, give at least one example of what counts as science, and of what counts as pseudoscience. Explain how you can tell the difference. How do we know when a claim counts a pseudoscience? How can you tell that a claim is truly a scientific claim?

Are there any pseudo-scientific claims that you hold? If yes, why is it?

Determine at least two (2) ways in which the material discussed this week has changed your own thinking.

2. "Problem Solving Interview Question"

Please respond to the following:

  • Imagine you are interviewing for a job you really want.
  • Here is the question you need to answer to: Describe a specific example in which you used critical thinking//problem solving strategies to resolve a problem in the real world. Make sure to carefully explain what specific problem solving strategies you have used. Provide your references.
  • Provide your feedback from the perspective of an interview coach to at least one classmate. If you are a job coach, what suggestions would you make to maximize his or her answer to the interview question?

3. "The relationship between language and thinking"

Please respond to the following:

What is political correctness? How is it defined? What’s its goal? How does it illustrate the power of language? Do research – look for reliable scholarly sources to find a good definition; explain the term also in your own words, and provide an example.

Critically discuss the question: Is political correctness a good idea?

There are obviously two possible answers to this question. Present those two answers, and try to provide the strongest argument you can think of in support of BOTH sides (you'll need one argument for each side). Then tell us which side you think is stronger and why.

You may want to consider the following additional questions: Does political correctness violate freedom of speech? (Please don’t forget to define the term ‘freedom of speech’ – what is it, what is its goal, where did it originate? Provide your references.)

When you create your arguments, clearly indicate the conclusion and the premises of the arguments. Use concrete examples to illustrate your point.

4. "Take a Look at Ethics Around You:"

Carefully read the material on Ethics and especially on Moral Theories in the Webtext. Then consider the following scenario:

A runaway train is speeding down a track. There are five people tied to the track in the train’s path. If the train isn’t stopped, the five people will for sure die. You are there near the train, and you happen to see a switch: if you flip the switch, the train will go down a different track and you will save the five people. Unfortunately, if you do so – one person will still die as there is one person also tied to that alternate track.

What is the morally right thing to do (according to the moral theories discussed in class?). Construct an argument.

That is, when you answer the question, support your view with the help from one of the moral theories of your choice.

After you write down your answer, watch the first video in the Instructor Insights for week 9.
How will you thinking change after you watch the video?

Explanation & Answer:
4 Discussions
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Explanation & Answer

Attached.

Outline
➢ Critical thinking is an area that we have to apply often when situations in our daily
endeavors face us.
➢ It requires making logic reasoning that has little negative impacts on our lives and those
of others.
➢ In the paper, the difference between science and pseudoscience is discussed, and the
general difference between the two.
➢ Science is more factual and ideas that have been put in place after experimenting and
observation through a hypothesis.
➢ Pseudosciences are the truths and beliefs that we hold of different aspects of life without
no experiments or testing the theory of such ideas.
➢ Most of the time, we are fast to accept certain things that we have no evidence data or
analyses to verify them. Therefore it is important to think before believing things
critically.
➢ There is an in-depth critical review of political correctness. The idea of holding the
freedom of speech of a person to prevent insulting and outraging somebody else is
discussed
➢ The paper also presents illustrations which test the critical thinking capabilities of a
person by defining a moment in real life where critical thinking was necessary and the
problem-solving strategies that were put in place.
➢ Also, another dilemma relating to the ethical decisions that one makes is stipulated. The
ethical dilemma to be solved relates to the moral theories that are held.
➢ References




Running head: CRITICAL THINKING

1

Critical thinking
Student’s Name
Institutional Affiliation

CRITICAL THINKING

2
Critical thinking

1
Science and pseudoscience
Science is a body of knowledge consisting of things that have already been discovered
through testable explanations, hypothesizing, and predictions about the behavior of the natural
and physical universe. Pseudoscience is the belief, practice, or theory that can't be tested
scientifically and lack the evidence to support the claim. They are the practices that do not meet
the criteria for approving a theory or a belief.
Differences
Science is known to use experiments and observations to confirm or reject an approach.
On the other hand, pseudoscience defines a hypothesis and looks for evidence to support the
hypothesis, but little experimentation is done, and ideas against the theory are highly ignored.
Science has a re...


Anonymous
Just what I was looking for! Super helpful.

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