What are the major differences between the male and female reproductive systems? And here's a tougher question—what are the similarities? Which structures are homologous vs which structures are derived from the same embryonic tissues?
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The reproductive organs of both develop from similar embryonic tissue (thus, they are homologous).
They both mature during puberty, when sex hormones are excreted.
Both have gonads.
Both secrete sex hormones.
Males continuously produce sperm, while females are born with all her eggs completely formed.
Females menstruate, males do not.
Males excrete their sperm, females receive them.
Reproductive sex organs for both male and female are derived from the
same embryonic tissues and are considered homologous tissues or organs
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