ENG1300 & BUS2023 SOUTH WK 5 Symbolism In A Worn Path & Project Development

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ENG1300 BUS2023

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Fiction Analysis – Final Draft

By the due date assigned, submit your revised analytical essay on short fiction as a Microsoft Word document.

Revise the Week 4 analytical essay by doing the following:

  1. Consider how you want to incorporate the ideas and arguments from the outside source you located for your Week 5 scholarly article discussion. Include at least one quotation from the source in your final draft. Be sure to use APA style to cite it appropriately in the body of the essay and in the references section.
  2. Consider the feedback you received on your rough draft from your instructor, peers, and Smarthinking (if submitted for review), and determine what changes you want to make. Do you need a more engaging opener or a stronger thesis? Do you need to reinforce your arguments and add more supporting evidence? Do you have areas to develop or clarify? Are you satisfied with your conclusion?
  3. Once you have revised the essay, review it for editing issues. Run the spell checker and grammar checker in Word, and then proofread, looking for typos the checkers might have missed. Read it out loud to listen for awkward places and fine tune the flow.
  4. Make sure you have applied APA rules of style to source citations as well as the overall formatting of your essay.

Submit the essay to the Submissions Area when you are happy with your finished product.

From your textbook, The New Century Handbook:
Read: Evaluating print and electronic sources, Using sources and avoiding plagiarism, and APA documentation style

From your textbook, The Literature Collection: An E-Text:

The reference to be used for this story is: Welty, E. (2013). A worn path. In X.J. Kennedy and D. Gioia (Eds.), The Literature Collection: An E-Text [VitalSource digital version] (p. 22). Boston, MA: Pearson Education, Inc.

To Jaquetta - Please See Video Response

Hi, Jaquetta! Thank you for getting our rough draft discussion going! Since you posted early, I made you a video with my suggestions for your paper. I hope you find it helpful! Please watch this video (attached and embedded), and let me know if you have any questions. Thanks, Donna Nalley





2nd Revision powerpoint it needs speaker notes and correct reference!!

The reference should be: Guffey, M. E. & Loewy, D. (2017) Business communications: Process & product, Mason, OH. Thompson: South-Western. Retrieved from: http://digitalbookshelf.southuniversity.edu/


3 is a question..

Among these are the mean, median, and mode. Calculate the mean, median, and mode for these figures: 5, 7,7,7, 12 And these figures 3,4,4,4,10 How are each calculated? How are each used?

Guffey, M. E. & Loewy, D. (2018). Business communications: Process & product. (9th.ed.). Mason, OH. Thompson: South-Western. Retrieved from: From your course textbook, Business Communication: Process and Product, 9th Ed, read the following chapters:



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PROJECT DEVELOPMENT EFFECTS OF WORKING AS A GROUP IN A COMPLEX PROJECT SUMMARY • Many people tend to like team projects than individual projects. The team project is considered easier and in most cases chances of failure are minimal. A team project can comprise of two or more people whole come together to plan and implement the project together until completion while an individual project only requires one person to handle the project. • Even though the team’s project is the most preferred, it tends to have more problems as compared to the individual project. Issues such as dependability, miscommunication, bringing on board emotions are experienced hence deteriorating the level of success of the project. It is for this reason that I recommend the implementation of individual projects for better results. INTRODUCTION • Projects especially technology complex projects can be stressful when done in a group. Teamwork is mostly recommended in a project in that people can be assigned segment of the project where each would go and research and later on do the presentation for the members to agree. According to Stephens (2016), Successful teamwork, undergirded by constructive patterns of communication in the relationships among team members, provides a capability for knowledge creation. However, there are some projects which require one man for proper concentration and easier handling of matters at hand. Therefore, in this technology project about the development of networks in the institution, I would recommend it to be a one-person project to stay away from the problems that mostly arise in a team-based project. BODY (Negative Emotions) • When people are working as a group, the probability of some people bringing on board negative emotions is very high. According to Stephens (2016), Project team members are always faced with a host of emotional experiences, including negative emotions that arise from frustrations and disappointments. An inability to effectively deal with these emotions can hamper progress For example in the presence of two people whom for a long time have not had a good relationship, assigning them a common area of research would prove to be a problem. They would not cooperate, and therefore the investigation will be a disappointment. In case they do not have an option other than to show cooperation, then they would develop hatred for the project leader for asking them to work together. However, Stephens (2016) states that if individuals perceive that their team members treat their emotional expressions as legitimate, it helps them feel closer and more knowledgeable about each other. Raising levels of dependability • According to Wu (2017), in construction projects, a higher level of collaboration among project teams is essential to achieve project success. However, it is reasonable to have a team of five but only two are the most active ones. The others tend to lazy around or depend on others to research them. Being a complex project, massive research needs to be conducted and the facts presented for documentation and implementation. Therefore a lot of cooperation is required as a way of breaking down the complexity. So, if the project has inactive members, then the few active members feel discouraged and overworked, and as a result, they may also decide to be dormant thus leading to the project failure. For many years, this has been the primary cause of the failure of very complex projects. Communication • In a project, both formal and informal communication help in shaping the project. In a team, an official is required to monitor communication else cases of miscommunication may lead to conflicts or wrong interpretation of data and information. However, Wu (2017), suggests that when there are differences in the arrangement of the critical tasks of the project, informal channels can help teams to obtain information so as to stimulate more creativity, and to facilitate communication and discussion on the overall process as well as specific tasks, which ultimately lead to plentiful opinions and ideas. It, therefore, becomes a challenge to monitor and solve all the communication issues if it is a team project whereas this is not an issue if it is an individual project. Conclusion • Due to the main challenges that erupt in a team project, I would like to recommend an individual project. The personal project has fewer problems and can easily be monitored to enhance efficiency. Even though the project is complex, many people take it upon themselves to look for more information which when compiled together assist in completing the project. Also, the project is considered to be cheap since only a few allowances are awarded to the person in charge of the project. References • Stephens John Paul, Abraham Carmeli. (July 2016).The positive effect of expressing negative emotions on knowledge creation capability and performance of project teams. Vol 34 (5), Pages 862-873. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijproman.2016.03.003. • Guangdong Wu, Cong Liu, Xianbo Zhao, Jian Zuo. (November 2017). Investigating the relationship between communication-conflict interaction and project success among construction project teams. Vol 35 (8). Pages 1466-1482. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijproman.2017.08.006. • Running head: USE OF SYMBOLISM IN A WORN PATH Use of Symbolism in “A Worn Path” Name: Institution name: 1 USE OF SYMBOLISM IN A WORN PATH “Far out in the country there was an old Negro woman with her head tied in a red rag, coming along a path through the pinewoods…” Eudora Welty’s short story “A Worn Path” has always featured in the list of the most academically read short stories. The story unfolds in the south, a region whose people are famous for their use of speech habits. The author carefully utilizes tone and variety to enhance action making the story more realistic. She has widely used symbolism in the story to build on her themes besides achieving other literary objectives. At the onset of the story, Phoenix is making her way into the forest full of wild animals and all types of beasts. Her fear for animals is a symbol of the earliest obstacles she encounters in her journey. She says, “…don’t let none of those come running my direction. I got along way.” Her remarks indicate that people will have things that they fear in the journey of our lives but it that should not prevent them from pressing on. The best they can do is to push aside their fears and continue their quest to achieve their goals. Also, the events in the story occur during the Christmas season, a biblical celebration when people commemorate the birth of Jesus. In many societies, Christmas season is associated with rebirth or new beginning when God sent his only son to redeem the world from sins hence through him the world was newly reborn. This setting symbolizes the importance and greater meaning that the author wants the readers to reflect in the society that the story was written in. When the attendant addresses Jackson in one instance she says, “…A charity case, I suppose…,” a comment which paints her as a religious woman who deeply subscribes to faith. The birth of Christ has a greater significance in human race because he came to die so that he can redeem the world, explaining the irony surrounding human existence which suggests that it is through death that humans receive life. The name of the protagonist Jackson Phoenix is symbolic in its sense. Phoenix is an imaginary bird which people believe has its habitat in the desert and can live for over 500 years, 2 USE OF SYMBOLISM IN A WORN PATH symbolizing immortality. The symbolism of Phoenix’s name connects to the setting of the story because some religions acknowledge the people can die and rise again just like Jesus Christ did. In addition, a bird which lives in the desert has to endure different types of hardships in order to survive. Jackson endures different types of hardships in her struggle to live in the society, “…she carried a thin, small cane made from an umbrella, and with this she kept tapping the frozen earth in front of her. This made a grave and persistent noise in the still air that seemed meditative…” is indicating her preserving nature through hardships. Welty displays Phoenix as a lone unique little bird that has withstood the adversities of nature in spite of the hovering death. Her enduring journey to Natchez is a symbol of religion particularly Christianity. The tough experiences that Phoenix undergoes can reflect the temptations that Jesus Christ went through in the desert and his sufferings on the cross. Like Jesus, Phoenix never gave up but, she emerges as a conqueror when she reaches the end of her journey. The medicine which Phoenix gets for her grandson symbolizes God’s grace which Jesus Christ brought to redeem the sinners and rescue them from the fires of hell. The protagonist’s age plays a key role in the development of the story. If the timeline of the story in plot reflects the exact time that Welty published it then the events happened in the 1940s. Phoenix’s old age makes her to believe that she is the oldest woman alive as revealed when she is addressing the inanimate scarecrow, “…my senses is gone, I too old. I the oldest people I ever know.” Her conversation with the nurse where she reveals her true age show that she is truly old and her age may have restricted her from freely making choices and reaching things she could have wished to have. The age here symbolizes the barriers that phoenix was facing in the course of her journey. 3 USE OF SYMBOLISM IN A WORN PATH The black dog in the story is a symbol of individuals who act as the enemies of other in life. Such people rejoice at their neighbors’ downfalls instead of helping one to get up. When a white man helps Phoenix, he takes the opportunity to make fun of her by using his gun to frighten her. The white man is a symbol of people who will help individuals only to subject them to more sufferings. The end of Phoenix’s journey reveals that she had taken it for the benefit of her grandson. Phoenix symbolizes selfless individuals who are ready to sacrifice for the sake of others in the society. Welty uses Phoenix as a symbol of the black people living in the American society. During Welty’s time, majority of the whites considered the blacks not only as a naïve and helpless generation but also changeless in spite of their advancement in age. Being a black person was a disadvantage as it made one vulnerable to possible mistreatment and suffering. However, Welty also uses Phoenix to display blacks as being sympathetic and ready to sacrifice for others. Perhaps, it is this reason which makes Welty to reveal at the end of the journey that Phoenix has endured all the dangers and sufferings of her journey for the sake of her grandson. Welty adds, “…when the hunter drops his nickel and Jackson picks it up.” The author uses this instance to echo the long time stereotype that the American society of her time held about blacks; they were lesser individuals whose role was to be subjects of the whites. Welty describes two symbolic objects which play a crucial role in the play, the diploma and the cake. The diploma symbolically represents the educational opportunities that Phoenix did not get because of the disadvantaged position of the blacks in the American society unlike the whites who reserved the freedom of getting education to whatever level they wished. Phoenix also had a vision in which she saw a boy giving her a piece of marble cake, which may symbolize her hallucinatory desires of integrating the conflicting races. The vision symbolizes 4 USE OF SYMBOLISM IN A WORN PATH that if both races were to put aside their racial differences and focus on building one another, the racial conflicts in the American society will come to an end. Welty’s A Worn Path uses several instances of symbolism whose great meaning contributes to different themes relevant even in the modern American society. It reveals the type of treatment that people undergo in their daily life, painting a true picture of how people experience life. Phoenix is a strong person of color fighting both external and internal adversities to stand her own values and live her life. She undergoes through tough situations and contemplates giving up at some point though she still never gives up. The story encourages individuals to look beyond their fears and comfort zones when pursuing their own goals and quests in life. 5
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PROJECT
DEVELOPMENT
EFFECTS OF WORKING AS A
GROUP IN A COMPLEX PROJECT

SUMMARY
• Many people like team projects than individual projects.
• Team project is considered easier and chances of failure are minimal
• A team project can comprise of two or more people
• Individual project only requires one person to handle the project.
• Team projects tend to have more problems than individual projects

• For this reason ,individual projects recommended for better results

INTRODUCTION
• Group projects for complex projects can be stressful

• Teamwork helps in dividing the various tasks to finish the project fast
• Team work works when patterns of communication is good
• That way, the members can be creative and contribute positively
• There are some projects which require one person to handle
• I would recommend an individual for this technology project

• This can reduce the problems that arise in a team-based project

BODY (Negative Emotions)
• Some people can bring negative emotions when group work

• Teams are faced with emotional experiences like frustrations and
• An inability to effectively deal with these emotions can hamper progress
• For example when two enemies cannot be put to work together
• They would not cooperate and the project will fail
• In case they are forced to work together they can hate the project head

• When their emotions are not brushed off, they can feel welcomed

Raising levels of dependability
• Collaboration is essential in construction projects to achieve success

• There could be a team of five yet only two people are active
• The others tend to lazy around or depend on others to do the research
• Being a complex project, massive research should be conducted
• Therefore a lot of cooperation is required as a way of breaking down
• The inactive members can make the active ones feel discouraged

• For many years, this has been the primary cause of the failure of very complex projects.

Communication
• Both formal and informal communication shape the project
• In a team, an official is required to monitor communication
• This can help minimize miscommunication which can yield conflicts
• Informal channels can help teams o...


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