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system is made of Gonads for producing gametes and hormones; ducts for
reception and transportation of gametes; accessory glands and organs for
secretion of fluids into ducts; perineal structures known collectively as
external genitalia. In both males and females the ducts connect to passageways
and chambers opening to the body exterior. Involved structures form the
The male and
female systems are functionally different.
In males, the testes/male gonad secretes androgens, produce male gametes
(spermatozoa). During emission, mature
spermatozoa mix with secretions from accessory glands to form semen and are expelled
from the body during ejaculation. In females, the female gonads/ovaries release
a single immature oocyte monthly which travels through uterine tubes to a
muscular organ/uterus. If a sperm
reaches the oocyte fertilization occurs and the oocyte matures to an ovum. A passageway/vagina
connects the uterus to the exterior.
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