Humanities
Need help for Editing 4 pages of annotated bibliography

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Help me study for my English class. I’m stuck and don’t understand.

u0627u0644u062fu0631u0627u0633u0627u062a 6.docx 

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Pregnancy Complications. (2015). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved December 3, 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/maternalinfanthealth/pregcomplication s.htm Information from this journal was gathered by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. This journal covers the subject of pregnancy complications, what does it mean, what should women do before get pregnant and what should they do during pregnancy. The article explains that the complications of pregnancy are health problems that occur during pregnancy. Some women have health problems that arise during pregnancy, and other women have health problems before they become pregnant that could lead to complications. So pregnancy have to talk to the doctor about health problems that they have it now or in the past to avoid the complications. This article has been very helpful to my research and provides an organized information about the complications that occur during pregnancy. Valha, P., Zmrhal, J., & Feyereisl, J. (2010). [Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in pregnancy]. Ceska Gynekol,75(1):69-72. Retrieved October 25, 2015, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20437842 This article talks about non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which is usually abbreviated to NSAIDs. These drugs used as analgesic and antipyretic (lowering an elevated body temperature and relieving pain without impairing consciousness) in low doses and in higher doses with anti-inflammatory effects (reducing inflammation). This article indicated that using these drugs during pregnancy may have the potential to cause adverse maternal and fetal effects. So, I think this article has been very helpful to my research and has much evidence to support my research. Neri, M., Bello, S., Turillazzi, E., & Riezzo, I. (2015). Drugs of abuse in pregnancy, poor neonatal development, and future neurodegeneration. Is oxidative stress the culprit? Curr Pharm Des,21(11):1358-68.Retrieved October 25, 2015, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25564389 The main focus of this article is based on the effect of using drugs during pregnancy. The authors of this article explain that the effects of any substance on the developing embryo and fetus are dependent upon dosing, timing, duration of drug exposure, and the extent of drug distribution. The authors claim that the alarming datum that developmental abnormalities, impairment in learning and memory, and attention deficit can occur even in the absence of direct fetal exposure, when drugs are consumed prior to conception. Also, there is a growing body of evidence demonstrating a link between redox state unbalance, epigenetic markers, developmental anomalies, and neurodegeneration. The reviewed literature data uphold redox homeostasis disruption as an important factor in the pathogenesis of drug of abuse- induced neurodegeneration. Basically, this article has been very helpful to my research and highlight the potential for new therapies that could prevent neurodegeneration through antioxidant and epigenetic modulatory mechanisms. Make a PACT for Prevention. Commit to Healthy Choices to Help Prevent Birth Defects. (2015). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved December 4, 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/birthdefects/prevention.html Information from this journal was gathered by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. This journal covers the subject of advising pregnancy to avoid the birth defect. According to CDC, pregnancy should take 400 micrograms (mcg) of folic acid every day to prevent major birth defects of the developing brain and spine. Also, pregnancy have to avoid alcohol, smoking cigarettes, marijuana and other “street drugs” at any time during pregnancy. Finally, pregnancy have to talk to a healthcare provider about taking any medications and vaccinations. This article has been very helpful to my research and provides an organized information about how pregnancy can prevent occurring the birth defects. Alcohol during pregnancy. (2012). Marchofdim. Retrieved December 4, 2015, from http://www.marchofdimes.org/pregnancy/alcohol-during-pregnancy.aspx# The main focus of this article is based on the side effect of drinking alcohol during pregnancy. This article explain that drinking alcohol during pregnancy will be harmful for baby's health and lead to serious health conditions, called fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) can seriously harm baby's development, both mentally and physically. Also, this article indicated that drinking alcohol associated with birth defects in baby's heart, brain, and other organs. In addition, baby may have vision, hearing, learning and behavior problems. Basically, this article has been very helpful to my research and prove that drinking alcohol during pregnancy associated with birth defect. Alcohol & Drug-Related Birth Defects Research at the NICHD. (2012). Retrieved November 12, 2015, from https://www.nichd.nih.gov/news/resources/spotlight/Pages/062712-alcoholdrug-related-birth-defects.aspx Information from this journal was gathered by National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. The main focus of this article is the causes of birth defects which occur in one of every 33 babies and are the leading cause of infant death. This article show that the causes of birth defect are genetics, the environment, and other known and unknown causes. Also, the author indicated that drinking alcohol will be harmful for baby's health and cause birth defects. Basically, this article has been very helpful to my research and prove that drinking alcohol during pregnancy associated with birth defect. ...
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