Need help with the primary psychosocial factors of the development of HIV/AIDS

Psychology
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What are the primary psychosocial factors of the development of HIV/AIDS? What psychosocial factors slow the progression of HIV/AIDS? Provide examples. 

 

Dec 7th, 2015

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Psychologists conceptualize the disease developing based not only on an individual relationship with the nature and the aggressiveness of the viral subtype but also on the psychological response of the person, their experience with other pathologies, and their personality traits. For example, Kalichman et al. provide evidence that patients with personality disorders are at higher risk for HIV exposure than those diagnosed with only clinical symptoms because these patients display little confidence in their ability to enact safer sexual practices, little commitment to condom use, and higher anxiety associated with risk of contracting HIV.

A composite of three positive psychological resources (positive affect, finding meaning, and positive or optimistic expectancy) can slow the progression of HIV. In a study, positive affect  predicted lower mortality in 407 HIV-infected men studied for 3 years.  Finding meaning  has been studied by Bower  in 40 gay men after an AIDS-related loss (most often the death of a partner). Those who were able to discover meaning in the loss (assessed by interviews) had a slower loss of CD4+ cell counts and lower mortality over 2 to 3 years.

Please let me know if you need any clarification. I'm always happy to answer your questions.Please let me know if you need any clarification. I'm always happy to answer your questions.
Dec 7th, 2015

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