The Problem of Evil

timer Asked: May 27th, 2019
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Question Description

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz at the Stanford Dictionary of Philosophy

your post needs to be substantive -- meaning thoughtful and supported by specifics from the novel. 400-500 words is, again, not a bad range for this initial post.

READ: Read "Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz" article in the Week 4 Resources module.

Read Intro to Voltaire and Candide (pages 97-159).

The Problem of Evil

Voltaire, as your text points out, was a Deist -- though he believed in God, he did not believe God was actively engaged with creation. Candide explores one of the core theological difficulties that inspired both Deism and Atheism: the Problem of Evil. The difficulty he and other philosophers had was this: if God is both good and all-powerful, why do bad things happen? Traditionally in Christianity, this was explained in light of Original Sin -- evil entered the world with the Fall of Adam and Eve, and continues as punishment for that sin. The Enlightenment, which grew out of a Christian context, began to question the existence of Original Sin -- certainly the Deists did. Since it had been the core explanation of evil, in its absence, philosophers struggled to resolve the question of why evil exists in the world.

In the novella, one view on the Problem of Evil is represented by Pangloss, Voltaire's stand-in for Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, who you've read about in the Week 3 Resources folder.

In your initial post, reflect on a few specific examples of how Candide challenges the optimistic philosophy of Pangloss (Leibniz).

Tutor Answer

School: Rice University

Hi,let me know if you need any editing on the assignment,thanks


The problem of Evil
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Throughout the book, a common question is asked often; that is, why do bad things
happen to good people? The item has been proposed in almost every chapter. Religious leaders
and philosophers have tried to answer it; unfortunately, the answers are yet to be established.
Since it has been a nightmare to come into terms of the problem, it has been a challenge that
many are not able to answer because of the conflicting interests of the two groups (Look, 2008).
However, the philosophy that has been discussed throughout the novel has been vital as it

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