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ltiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet)

1. Muslims worship in a _______.

a. temple

b. church

c. mosque

d. All of the above.

2. Hinduism in India or Roman Catholicism in Spain fall into which of the following types?

a. religious group

b. sect

c. cult

d. All of the above.

3. The Amish or Jehovah’s Witnesses fall into which of the following?

a. church

b. sect

c. cult

d. None of the above.

4. Religious groups that combine separation from society with new ideas and an emphasis on

mystical experience fall into which religious types?

a. church

b. sect

c. cult

d. divison

5. The Buddhist doctrine of Nirvana is an example of ___________.

a. reality

b. unconditioned reality

c. conditioned reality

d. virtual reality

6. Persons singled out by the divine to receive special ecstatic powers for dealing with spiritual

things are known as _________.

a. priests

b. shamans

c. monks

d. deacons4 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

7. Which of the following is one of the three forms of religious expression?

a. sociological

b. practical

c. theoretical

d. All of the above.

8. Myths that tell the story of the creation of the universe can be considered a __________ form

of religious expression.

a. theoretical

b. emotional

c. sociological

d. central

9. _________, Japanese shamanesses of Japan, are all blind or nearly so.

a. Bodhisattva

b. Miko

c. Kojiki

d. Dema

10. The _______ had a traditional ritual in which they would raise a bear cub to adulthood and

then kill it in order to send it back to the spirit world.

a. !Kungs

b. Druids

c. Ainu

d. Jivaro

11. In general, which of the following characterize the soul according to indigenous religions?

a. separable part of yourself

b. undying

c. All of the above.

d. None of the above.

12. Approximately 80% of the people of India are followers of _________.

a. Buddism

b. Daoism

c. Shinto

c. Hinduism5 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

13. _________ refers to that chain of cause and effect set in motion by one’s deeds in the world.

a. Rita

b. Caste

c. Karma

d. Dharma

14. In Hinduism, the cosmic order is called _______.

a. rita

b. karma

c. caste

d. svadharma

15. Dharma imposes personal retribution and reward through _______.

a. rita

b. karma

c. caste

d. moksha

16. According to the Laws of Manu, the basic end of man, which is pleasure, is called _______.

a. kama

b. artha

c. dharma

d. nirvana

17. According to the Laws of Manu, the basic end of man which is liberation is called ________.

a. kama

b. artha

c. moksha

d. nirvana

18. According to the Laws of Manu, the basic end of man which is righteousness is called

_________.

a. kama

b. artha

c. dharma

d. nirvana6 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

19. According to the Laws of Manu, the basic end of man which is gain is called _______.

a. kama

b. artha

c. dharma

d. nirvana

20. The sets of songs and chants for auxiliary groups of priests and charms from the Vedas are

called _______.

a. Sama Veda

b. Yajur Veda

c. Atharva Veda

d. All of the above.

21. The "Books of the Forest Schools" are _______.

a. Brahamans

b. Aranyakas

c. Upanishads

d. Rig Veda

22. In the Upanishads, _________ is the innermost self or "soul".

a. Atman

b. Mantra

c. Dyaus

d. Ignis

23. Jainism was founded by _______.

a. Siddhartha Gautama

b. Mahavira

c. Ashoka

d. Guru Nanak

24. Buddhism was founded by _______.

a. Siddhartha Gautama

b. Mahavira

c. Ashoka

d. Guru Nanak7 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

25. Which is the correct listing of castes/varnas, from highest to lowest rank?

a. Brahmins, Vaisyas, Kshatriyas, Shudras.

b. Brahmins, Shudras, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas.

c. Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas, Shudras.

d. Kshatriyas, Shudras, Vaisyas, Brahmins.

26. According to the Yoga Sutras, the first limbs are positive and negative moral rules called

_________.

a. yama and niyama

b. siddhis and dharmana

c. asana and pranayama

d. pratyahara and dhyana

27. According to the Yoga Sutras, posture and breath control are called _______.

a. asana and pranayama

b. siddhis and dharmana

c. yama and niyama

d. pratyahara and dhyana

28. Krishna teaches Prince Arjuna the secret of _______.

a. Jnana-yoga

b. Bhakti-yoga

c. Karma-yoga

d. All of the above

29. Which of the following are one of the three things that a Buddhist affirms?

a. "I take refuge in the Buddha."

b. "I take refuge in the Dharma."

c. "I take refuge in the samgha."

d. All of the above.

30. Which of the following was another title for the Buddha?

a. Sakyamuni

b. Shaka

c. Shakamuni

d. All of the above.8 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

31. Vajrayana can be characterized by being __________.

a. known as the Thunderbolt Vessel

b. found in Tibet, Nepal, Bhutan, and Mongolia

c. known as the Diamond Vessel

d. All of the above.

32. In Vajrayana thought, the dharmakaya is made equivalent to __________.

a. paramitas

b. prajna

c. prajnaparamita

d. None of the above.

33. Who brought the Chan tradition of Buddhism to China?

a. Upali

b. Kashyapa

c. Bodhidharma

d. Mahayana

34. Shinto gods are known as _______.

a. Torii

b. Kami

c. Matsuri

d. None of the above.

35. Which of the following is an offering at a Shinto shrine?

a. Torii

b. Kami

c. Matsuri

d. None of the above.

36. What is a Shinto shrine festival called?

a. Torii

b. Kami

c. Matsuri

d. All of the above. 9 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

37. The Five Books or Confucian Classics include _______.

a. The Great Learning

b. The Analects

c. The Mean

d. None of the above.

38. In Confucian thought, the Superior Man is called _______.

a. Li

b. Ren

c. Jun-zi

d. Yang

39. In Confucian thought, what term indicates rites, proper conduct, ceremonies, courtesy, and

doing things the right way?

a. Li

b. Ren

c. Jun-zi

d. Ying

40. Society for Confucius was founded on _______.

a. filial piety

b. the rectification of names

c. the five relationships

d. the Eight Fold Path

41. The Cornerstone relationship among the Five Relationships is _______.

a. ruler-subject

b. father-son

c. husband-wife

d. elder-younger brother

42. Filal Piety characterizes which of the following Five Relationships?

a. ruler-subject

b. father-son

c. husband-wife

d. elder-younger brother 10 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

43. Which of the following is a Confucian Philosopher?

a. Xunzi

b. Mencius

c. Dong Zhongshu

d. All of the above.

44. Which of the following held that human nature is basically good and is only impeded by an

evil social environment?

a. Xunzi

b. Mencius

c. Dong Zhongshu

d. All of the above.

45. Which of the following said that man is basically evil in the sense of being self-centered and

need education and social control to become good?

a. Xunzi

b. Mencius

c. Dong Zhongshu

d. Han

46. According to tradition, which of the following wrote part of and edited all of the

Five Books (also known as the basic texts of the ru)?

a. Xunzi

b. Mencius

c. Dong Zhongshu

d. None of the above.

47. The unity in which all things fit together harmoniously is called:

a. Confucian

b. Dao/Tao

c. Shinto

d. Di

48. Which of the following religions believes that what is expected of humans is to live

spontaneously and close to nature in more formal systems, and to meditate and perform rites

that draw on close to gods and immortals?

a. Confucianism

b. Daoism/Taoism

c. Shintoism

d. Hinduism11 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

49. Which religious founder was known as the "Old Man" and left China on a water buffalo

toward Tibet?

a. Siddhartha

b. Confucius

c. Laozi

d. Tung Zhungshu

50. Which of the following books did Laozi write?

a. Baopuzi

b. The Great Learning

c. Dao de Jing

d. All of the above.

51. The first and greatest of subsequent Daoist writers is _______.

a. Guo Xiang

b. Baopuzi

c. Ge Hong

d. Zhuangzi

52. Which of the following are Daoist writers?

a. Guo Xiang

b. Laozi

c. Ge Hong

d. All of the above.

53. Which of the following writings had Outer and Inner parts?

a. The Dao de Jing

b. The Baopuzi

c. The Zhuangzi

d. The Yi Jing

54. Wu-Wei stands for _______.

a. being or doing

b. nonbeing or not doing

c. being or not doing

d. nonbeing or doing 12 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

55. The supreme deity in religious Daoism is _______.

a. The Jade Emperor

b. Laozi

c. The Yellow Emperor

d. The Mother Goddess

56. In Daoism, which of the following lives in Shangri-La?

a. The Jade Emperor

b. Laozi

c. The Yellow Emperor

d. The Mother Goddess

57. Who wrote the analects for women?

a. Ch’eng

b. Pan Chao

c. Sung Jochao

d. Lui Hsian

58. In Shinto, the symbolic dwelling place of the kami is called _______.

a. Honden

b. Gohei

c. Haiden

d. Heiden

59. What is the name of the God Abraham worshiped?

a. Ashtoreth

b. Tammuz

c. Sin

d. None of the above.

60. In Mesopotamia, the dying-rising vegetation god is called _______.

a. Ashtoreth

b. Tammuz

c. Sin

d. None of the above.13 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

61. Among the Hebrews, the ________ were members of a class of seers who entered into

visionary, divinatory trance in which they would give out the direct word of God for a

situation.

a. levites

b. scribes

c. prophets

d. knights

62. Which of the following were in the Garden of Eden?

a. Cain and Abel

b. Abraham and Sarah

c. Adam and Eve

d. All of the above.

63. Which of the following Hebrew Kings built the first temple?

a. Saul

b. Solomon

c. David

d. Mark

64. Which people took Jerusalem and destroyed the Temple, carrying many off into exile?

a. Babylon

b. Egypt

c. Persia

d. Rome

65. Who conquered the Persian Empire?

a. Alexander the Great

b. Ptolemy

c. Antiochus IV

d. Ptolemy II

66. Which of the following teaches the full following of the law or Torah and are very traditional

in Talmudic scholarship, theology, forms of festival and worship?

a. Reform Judaism

b. Conservative Judaism

c. Reconstructionist Judaism

d. Orthodox Judaism14 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

67. Which of the following takes the Law seriously as a guide to life but believes that its

provisions can and should be adjusted to suit the conditions of modern living?

a. Reform Judaism

b. Conservative Judaism

c. Reconstructionist Judaism

d. Orthodox Judaism

68. Which of the following had the "I-Thou" relationship as a key concept of his thinking?

a. Franz Rosenzweig

b. Martin Buber

c. Abraham Joshua Heschel

d. None of the above.

69. The Jewish marital settlement is called _______.

a. Niddah

b. Ketubah

c. Agunah

d. Shekhinah

70. Jesus’ chief disciple was _______.

a. Pontius Pilate

b. Judas

c. Mary Magdalene

d. None of the above.

71. What happened to the followers of Jesus who were gathered in an upper room at Pentecost?

a. They saw Jesus ascend into heaven.

b. They saw the resurrected Jesus.

c. They received the Holy Spirit of God.

d. b and c only

72. Who is known as the Apostle to the Gentiles?

a. Paul

b. Peter

c. John

d. Matthew 15 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

73. Which of the following councils affirmed the Nicene Creed?

a. Nicaea

b. Ephesus

c. Chalcedon

d. Constantinople

74. Which of these reformers contributed immensely to the development of democracy and to the

churches we know as Reformed, Presbyterian, and Congregational?

a. John Hus

b. Martin Luther

c. John Calvin

d. John Wycliffe

75. The first woman to be ordained to the Christian ministry in America was _______.

a. Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton

b. Mother Anne Lee

c. Phoebe Palmer

d. Antoinette Brown

76. The founder of the Shaker movement was _______.

a. Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton

b. Mother Anne Lee

c. Phoebe Palmer

d. Frances Willard

77. The founder of the Sisters of Charity (the first American Roman Catholic religious order) and

often called the mother of the Catholic parochial school system who was beatified in 1963:

a. Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton

b. Mother Anne Lee

c. Phoebe Palmer

d. Frances Willard

78. Who wrote The Way of Holiness and Faith and Its Effects?

a. Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton

b. Mother Anne Lee

c. Phoebe Palmer

d. Frances Willard 16 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

79. Who graduated from Oberlin College, the first to admit women to its degree-granting

programs?

a. Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton

b. Mother Anne Lee

c. Phoebe Palmer

d. Antoinette Brown

80. Which is the second most sacred city in Islam?

a. Jerusalem

b. Mecca

c. Medina

d. Cairo

81. Which of the following is Muhammad’s daughter?

a. Aisha

b. Fatima

c. Khadija

d. Rabi’a

82. Which of the following is Muhammad’s first wife?

a. Aisha

b. Fatima

c. Khadija

d. Rabi’a

83. The name of God in Islam is _______.

a. Qur’an

b. Allah

c. Muezzin

d. Minaret

84. In Islam, the name of their holy book is _______.

a. Qur’an

b. Allah

c. Muezzin

d. Minaret17 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

85. In Islam, the call to prayer is made by a _______.

a. Qur’an

b. Allah

c. Muezzin

d. Minaret

86. In Islam, worship takes place in a _______.

a. Mosque

b. Allah

c. Muezzin

d. Minaret

87. What is the purpose of the Qur’an?

a. to proclaim the oneness and sovereignty of God

b. to develop the philosophy and theology of God

c. to tell the story of God and God’s people

d. All of the above.

88. The term used to denote the law in Islam is _______.

a. shirk

b. shari’a

c. hadith

d. jihad

89. The term used to denote holy war in Islam is _______.

a. shirk

b. shari’a

c. hadith

d. jihad

90. The successors to Muhammad are called _______.

a. imam

b. mahdi

c. king

d. caliph 18 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

91. The Umbanda and Candomblé is a type of __________ Movement.

a. Hybrid

b. Spirit

c. Reactive

d. Golden Age

92. _________ is an up-to-date religion with youth rallies, marching bands, and an emphasis on

chanting to receive worldy as well as spiritual benefits.

a. Falun Gong

b. Nichiren Shoshu

c. Hare Krishna

d. Druid

93. In __________ Movements, participants claim a special connection with beings from the

spiritual realm.

a. Reactive

b. Goddess

c. Spirit

d. Import

94. Two subgroups of the Golden Age Movement are __________ and ___________.

a. Voodoo; Santería

b. Pentecostal; Nichiren

c. Feminist spirituality; Neo-pagan

d. Falun Gong; Hare Krishna

95. _________,"the way of the saints," is a religious movement combining African and Roman

Catholic features.

a. Bhakti

b. Santería

c. Wicca

d. Voodoo

96. New religions usually offer either a __________ message.

a. progressivist-reform

b. purist-reform

c. All of the above.

d. None of the above.19 Final Examination GED 250 World Religions

97. In _______, esho funi means that the inner and the outer are not separate.

a. Nichiren Buddhism

b. Daoism

c. Taoism

d. None of the above.

98. Which of the following only allows female leadership?

a. Millennialism

b. Tenrikyo

c. Voodoo

d. Brahma Kumari

99. The foundational belief of most __________ followers is that prior to the patriarchal

revolution, men and women lived harmoniously with each other and with nature in egalitarian

agrarian communities.

a. Goddess Movement

b. The Church on Earth

c. Falun Gong

d. Hari Krishna

100. The _______ movement was originally an important spiritual practice within Hinduism that’s

now been adopted in the West as a form of exercise.

a. chanting

b. hugging

c. yoga

d. All of the above.


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