What is political culture?

Political Science
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What is political culture?

Dec 8th, 2015

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Political culture is the traditional orientation of the citizens of a nation toward politics, affecting their perceptions of political legitimacy.[1]
Conceptions In the early 1960s two Americans Gabriel Almond and Sidney Verba outlined three pure types of political culture in Great Britain can combine to create' civic culture. These three key features expressed by both men were composed in order to establish the link between the public and the government. The first of these features is Deference which looks at the respect, acknowledgment or inferiority of authority and superiors in society. In the 1950s a prominent example of Deference was a greater amount of approbation or inferiority for the Police service. We know this due to lower levels of crime sixty years ago. In comparison to Deference towards the Police Service today we can notice significant change. The amount of respect has decreased for the service because of higher levels of anti social behaviour in society, notably knife and gun crime. Today some people see the Police as a burden on certain freedoms they wish to exercise and as a result resent there cause of crime watch and defenders of the rule of law, this idea that some people in society adopt can be shown as an area where Deference has broken down in twenty first century Britain. Another key example of Deference in British Political culture is the understanding and positives of the United Kingdom having a Monarchy and not a Republic. This is an understanding that dates far back and has been represented not just as Political Culture, but general culture. Lastly, another area were Deference needs to be mended in the British political culture of 2010 is a resounding distrust in Politicians. In the 1950s large amounts of the public agreed to Partisan alignment with another Political Party and felt a psychological attachment to its views. This resulted in higher numbers of voters at the ballot box and record culmination in the 1950 General Election which saw 84% of the nation voting. From this evidence it is clear that in the past people had heavier trust in Politicians and trust in Politics as a whole. Today many people have lost that sense of belonging to a party and assurance in those who represent their constituency.

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Dec 8th, 2015

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