ENG102 Excelsior Influence of Gender Inequality in Gothic Tradition Modern Horror

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Research Requirements

This essay will require substantial research in order to create an informed argument about your chosen text(s) that demonstrates awareness of what other scholars have said about your topic. You must include information from at least 5 sources. Your research will involve both primary and secondary sources:

  • Primary Sources include original literary texts and works of art (novels, short stories, poetry, films, etc.), as well as any historical documents from the time period in which the work was created (letters, diary entries, news articles, etc.).
  • Secondary Sources include scholarly books and articles about the literary work, historical information written after the time period in question, and biographies.
  • Your essay should be 7-8 full double-spaced pages with 1” side margins, 1” header and footer margins, Times New Roman, 12 pt font.
  • Your introduction should include a thesis that gives your readers a main claim or guiding idea specific to your focus, which will be developed throughout.
  • Your essay must include direction quotations from your chosen contemporary text and should include summary where relevant. It must also include cited references (quotation and/or paraphrase) of at least 5 sources that you have found in your research.
  • Cite all sources in MLA format (in text), in addition to a Works Cited page.
  • Proofread for mistakes and edit for clarity. Consider paragraph organization and appropriate transitions to lead your reader through your discussion.

basically you are answering how gender inequality in horror writings has evolved. use examples in "the yellow wallpaper" and "we have always lived in the castle"

i uploaded a annotated bib file for you so you can use those sources. You can add a couple relevant sources if mine aren't that strong.

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Lilia Vasghanian 1 Lilia Vasghanian May 14, 2019 English 102 Joanna Parypinski Annotated Bibliography Ferrant, Gaëlle. "The Multidimensional Gender Inequalities Index (MGII): A Descriptive Analysis of Gender Inequalities using MCA." Social Indicators Research, vol. 115, no. 2, 2014, pp. 653-690. ProQuest, http://libwin2k.glendale.edu/login?url=https://search.proquest.com/docview/1923718 967?accountid=27372, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11205-012-0233-3. In Gaelle’s article, she writes about how discrimination towards women all began in the first place. Her article goes into depth, talking about different topics and kinds of gender inequality. Most importantly, he gives us readers a really good definition of what gender inequality really is. I will definitely be using that definition in my essay. I also feel this is a strong article because it’s well-written and goes in order and never repeats after itself. There are writings about discrimination on women, unequal pay in the workforce, health benefits and education. This article is a primary source that gives me statistics on more than one topic. The writing doesn’t change my viewpoint on the topic. This source helps me shape my argument because it gives me dates, numbers and times that people were suffering with discrimination. I get a very broad outline. Gilman, Charlotte Perkins. “The Yellow Wallpaper”. English 102 Gothic/Horror Readings, Edited by, Joanna Parypinski, January, 1892, pp 27-36 The Yellow Wallpaper is another credible source for me to input in my research essay. The writing was written by Charlotte Perkins Gilman, a women suffering with postpartum depression during the time which she was writing “The Yellow Wallpaper”. Although she doesn't include in her writing that she was the female she was writing about, we as readers are able to connect it with her biography. She writes about a women that recently just had a baby and is going through tough times. Her husband at the time is a doctor and says the best remedy for her to heal is to stay at home in a locked room. Her husband took away her tools for writing and put her upstairs in a room surrounded by yellow wallpaper. This is a primary source because Charlotte writes through her own lens and experience. Describing this source to someone that is unfamiliar, I would summarize how her husband was controlling the decisions for her life. How in a period of time, men would feel that they could control their wives once they were living in the same household. This source helps my argument because I can write about how women feel like they’re being controlled and how society places a label on marriages. Although I would need more information on the time period and where exactly the inequality began. Jackson, Shirly. We Have Always Lived In The Castle. Viking Press, 21 Sept. 1962 Lilia Vasghanian 2 In Shirly Jackson's book “We Have Always Lived In The Castle”, the reader is introduced to gender inequality and different roles being played in the household. This source would be convenient for me to use because I could use the example of Merricat and Constance playing the female role in the house. Whereas Uncle Julian lies in his bed and doesn’t help with any chores around the house. To explain this source to someone thats unfamiliar with the book, I would have to explain to them the simple storyline of the book. How Merricat is the reason why her family is dead. This book is a secondary source that helps me prove my point. I could grab scenes from the book where Merricat and Constance cook and clean the house. This source helps me visualize the roles being put in a household that has set responsibilities. Ortiz-Ospina, Esteban, and Max Roser. “Economic Inequality by Gender.” Our World in Data, 21 Mar. 2018, ourworldindata.org/economic-inequality-by-gender. This article written by Esteban Ortiz-Ospina and Max Roser shows us the different advantages men have over women. For example, when a female and male are working the same job, how the man gets more benefits and higher pay. Women also aren't recognized as much as they should in their jobs. Other advantages include men having the privilege of owning their own property and buying land, whereas most women don't earn that right easily. I find this source very helpful due to the fact I am able to click on the link by the different kinds of gender inequalities. This source fills my research topic because it gives me examples of ways women are not treated equally. I feel I am on the same viewpoint and side as I was before I found this secondary source. Quinlan, Mary Lou. “Gender Inequality in the Workplace Is Not Just a Women's Issue.” The Washington Post, WP Company, 26 Jan. 2018, This article was written by author and speaker Mary Lou Quinlan. In this article, published January of 2018, Mary Lou talks about the recent “Me Too” Campaign that has moved a whole community. A simple tweet hashtag has shook the whole nation. The whole scene is about women not being simply recognized and treated equally in their workforce. The movement has to do with women being sexually assaulted in the workforce This source is credible for me to use in my essay because it gives me a specific movement that has occured to help change the outcome. This secondary source fits into my research because I am writing about how women and men are treated unfairly together. Someone that is not familiar with this, would be confused at first. But to briefly explain, it all started from a hashtag that later led to women beginning to protest in demands for change and recognition.
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Lilia Vasghanian
Joanna Parypinski
English 102
May 28, 2019
How Gender Inequality in Gothic Tradition has Influenced Modern Horror
“It is quite disturbing.” These were the words of Jessica Chastain during the closing press
conference of the 2017 Cannes Film Festival. She continued to express her lack of satisfaction
with the way women were portrayed in the 20 films she had watched by saying that she was
bothered by how the world views women “from the female characters represented in most of the
films that I watched.” (Jessica). Just like Cannes, many filmmakers have been at the receiving
end of heightened criticism from Hollywood on the way they portray women in modern society
through the female characters.
According to Stacy Smith, the communication professor of the University of California,
of 5,839 characters in almost 130 top-grossing films between the years 2006 and 2011, less than
30% are female. Also, only fifty percent of the films fulfill the Bechdel Test criteria (Beth). The
influence of gothic tradition in the role of women in modern-day horror films is based on social
and cultural; the context in which the works were written. As Ferrante has asserted time and
again, eighteenth-century Europeans and Americans believed in physiognomy in the
representation of characters in gothic literature. Physiognomy is the representation of a
character’s physical appearance in blood. Villians and monsters are portrayed using
physiognomy in medieval literature.
Recently, gothic literature has attracted a great deal of criticism in its representation of
sociocultural fear in the wake of gender representation and oppression in film. Everything took a

turn to a new direction during the late 1960s’ women liberalization movement when the Female
Gothic genre was introduced to gothic literature. The purpose of this research, therefore, is to
uncover the influence of gender inequality in Gothic tradition in a modern horror film.
Background Information
The women liberation movement of the 1960s brought about a change in consciousness
when the first theorization of the Female Gothic was introduced to Gothic literature. The Gothic
tradition has, for a long time, used physiognomy to represent characters and portray fear.
However, the tradition, whose social and cultural context was one of gender inequality, came
under intense criticism in the wake of the female liberation movement where feminist theorists
openly criticized these works in the way they underrepresented and misrepresented women
relative to modern society (Ortiz-Ospina, Esteban, and Max).
The movement was spearheaded by Ellen Moers – the first feminist theorist – who
represented the dark side of women in gothic literature (Elaine). In her book, Literary Women:
The Greatest Writers (1975), Moers discusses the Female Gothic using a comparison of two

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