Humanities
Persuasive Paper Part 3: Possible Disadvantages, Answers, with Visuals

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Assignment: Persuasive Paper Part 3: Possible Disadvantages, Answers, with Visuals

Using the attached paper consisting of Parts 1 and 2 add Part 3. Plan to include visuals to illustrate the advantages of your proposed solution.

Write an eight to ten (8-10) page paper in which you:

Provide Part I: Revision of A Problem Exists (3-4 pages)

1. Revise your Persuasive Paper Part 1: A Problem Exists, using feedback from the professor and classmates. 

Provide Part 2: Revision of Part 2: Solution to Problem and Advantages (3-4 pages)

2. Revise your Persuasive Paper Part 2: Solution to Problem and Advantages, using feedback from the professor and classmates.

PERSUASIVE PAPER PARTS 1 and 2 ATTACHED.  FEEDBACK FOR PART 2 ATTACHED.

Develop Part 3: Possible Disadvantages, Answers, with Visuals (1-2 pages, for 7-9 total pages)

3. Included a defensible, relevant thesis statement in the first paragraph. 

4. State, explain, and support the first disadvantage (economic, social, political, environmental, social, equitable, ethical/moral, etc.) to your solution and provide a logical answer. This should be one (1) paragraph. 

5. State, explain, and support the second (and third if desired) disadvantage (economic, social, political, environmental, social, equitable, ethical/moral, etc.) to your solution and provide a logical answer. This should be one or two (1-2) paragraphs.

6. Include one or two (1-2) relevant visuals that help illustrate an advantage.  

7. Use effective transitional words, phrases, and sentences.

8. Provide a concluding paragraph to summarize the proposed solution, its advantages, possible disadvantages, and answers to the disadvantages. Repeat or paraphrase your thesis statement.  

9. Develop a coherently structured paper with an introduction, body, and conclusion.

10. Use one (1) or more rhetorical strategy (ethos, logos, pathos) to explain claims. 

11. Support disadvantages and answers with at least two (2) additional quality relevant references. Use at least eight (8) total for Parts 1, 2, and 3. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not qualify as academic resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting guidelines:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

Note: Submit your assignment to the designated plagiarism program so that you can make revisions before submitting your paper to your professor. 

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Recognize the elements and correct use of a thesis statement. 
  • Associate the features of audience, purpose, and text with various genres.
  • Analyze the rhetorical strategies of ethos, pathos, logos in writing samples and for incorporation into essays or presentations.
  • Correct grammatical and stylistic errors consistent with Standard Written English. Prepare a research project that supports an argument with structure and format appropriate to the genre.
  • Revise drafts to improve clarity, support, and organization. 
  • Recognize how to organize ideas with transitional words, phrases, and sentences.
  • Incorporate relevant, properly documented sources to substantiate ideas.
  • Use technology and information resources to research selected issues for this course.
  • Write clearly and concisely about selected topics using proper writing mechanics.  

peer_review_assignemt.docx
eng_paper.docx

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Appendix A: Peer Review Feedback Form 2 Reviewer’s Name: _Kaiser Ahmed Date: _Nov 29,2015_ Writer’s Assigned #: _William Hartzfeld Course:__Eng 215__ Section:__online Assignment 4: Persuasive Paper Part 2: Solution and Advantages Peer reviews should provide feedback to a peer on the criteria expected in the paper. Follow these instructions: • Receive a classmate’s paper from your professor (in class if on-ground; by e-mail if online). • Copy the Peer Review Feedback Form from the Appendix. • Comment on all criteria, noting strengths and / or areas for improvement on the feedback form. • Provide completed Peer Review Feedback Form and classmate’s paper to your professor. Note: On-ground students should submit the feedback form and paper to the professor during the class meeting in which the paper is reviewed; online students should submit the feedback form and paper to the professor via the Assignment Tab in the course shell. Criteria + Strengths Comments < Areas for Improvement 1. Revise, using feedback from the professor and classmates, your Persuasive Paper Part I - A Problem Exists. His introduction clearly states that a problem exists and lists those problems out. NA The motivating factor for using motorbikes in almost every aspect of life is mainly their low prices making them affordable to many, as well as their ability to reach remote areas with ease. I think maybe add stronger verbiage. Viable solution not listed Needs to add solution. Part 1 Part 2 2. Included a defensible, relevant thesis statement clearly in the first paragraph. 3. Explain a detailed, viable solution that supports your thesis. This should be one or two (1-2) paragraphs. 4. State, explain, and support the first advantage (economic, social, political, environmental, social, equitable, ethical/moral, etc.) to your solution. This should be one or two (1-2) paragraphs. Listed that “The medications of the victims consume a lot of family money. Sometimes, it may require the family of the affected person to borrow money from credit institutions and friends to pay the huge hospital bills” Still needs work on supporting first advantage still listing the problem and elaborating on it. 5. State, explain, and support the second advantage (economic, social, political, environmental, social, equitable, ethical/moral, etc.) to your solution. This should be one or two (1-2) paragraphs. Many people have died in the accidents, leaving behind orphans in the care of the society. The orphaned children that fail to land on safe hands mostly become street children and live a terrible life after that. Others lack good moral guidance from their guardians, and they become a nuisance to the society too. In addition to that, the survivors of the accidents may remain crippled in the rest of their lives 6. State, explain, and support the Some motorists lack safety third (and fourth if desired) jackets while cycling, which advantage (economic, social, make them exposed to the political, environment, social, equitable, ethical/moral, etc.) to your wind and cold that may lead to solution. This should be one or two illnesses such as pneumonia (1-2) paragraphs. and frostbite in the end. The exposure to the harsh conditions is heightened by the high speed at which the motorbikes move, which increases the penetration of the cold air in the lungs of the cyclists. 7. Use effective transitional words, Uses strong verbiage to explain phrases, and sentences. problem 8. Provide a concluding paragraph NA /transitional paragraph that summarizes the proposed solution and its advantages. 9. Develop a coherently structured paper with an introduction, body, and conclusion. 10. Use one or more rhetorical strategies (ethos, logos, pathos) to explain advantages. 11. Support advantage claims with at least three (3) a d d i t i o n a l quality relevant references. Use at least six (6) total for Parts 1 & 2. 12. Other He lists the problem again but did not elaborate on a solution. Again lists the problem and doesn’t elaborate on a solution NA Did not list solution in conclusion Strong NA NA NA Weak NA Running Head: CYCLING ACCIDENTS PREVENTION 1 Cycling related accidents problems Introduction In the current world, motorbikes and bicycles are common means of transport. Many people use motorbikes and bicycles as a means of transport as well as during their leisure activities. The motivating factor for using motorbikes in almost every aspect of life is mainly their low prices making them affordable to many, as well as their ability to reach remote areas with ease. Cycling is also fun, and many people opt cycling to work, school, and during their leisure activities. Although cycling is associated with so many benefits, it is also associated with many accidents that sometimes could be fatal. For this reason, there is a need to adhere to cycling safety rules; otherwise, we are going to witness more and more people die with others getting severe injuries on our roads due to cycling-related accidents. History and status of cycling related accidents Cycling related accidents have been increasing since the late 1990s. This is associated with the increased number of cyclists in the world today. The accidents have left very many people crippled, severely injured and others dead (Brandt, et al., 2002). It is also important to note that, not all cycling related accidents are recorded; the ones that do not seem to have minor effects on the people involved are never recorded. This gap may discourage the observance of road safety procedures in the case of motorists. The major reason for the high number of deaths in the accidents is the negligence of the cyclists to wear protective gear. Lack of protective gear such as helmets makes them get severe injuries in the case of accidents occurring. The helmet is supposed to be preventing the head from injuries if an accident occurs. This is mainly because the cyclists drive exposed unlike the case of vehicles, in which the occupants are inside the CYCLING ACCIDENTS PREVENTION 2 vessel and may be protected by use of air bags and safety belts. This reduces the fatality of vehicle accidents in comparison to the bike accidents. In the US, more than 14200 motorbike-related accidents were recorded between the year 2008 and 2010 (Smet, 2013). Most of the cyclists involved in the accidents were reported to have lacked safety gear while cycling. This probably was the main cause of the accidents. Observing protective measures is likely to reduce the occurrence of cycling related accidents largely as well as reduce the extent of their severity in the case of their occurrence. Cyclists should not overlook wearing light fluorescent clothing during the day and reflectors at night. These play a very important role in the road safety. They make them easily identifiable by the other road users and thus, prevent the cases of being hit by other bikes. The case of helmets reduces the level of injuries experienced on the head in the case of accidents occurring. They also need to wear heavy jackets. This reduces their exposure to the wind and cold while driving that could lead to illnesses related to breathing such as pneumonia as well as breathing difficulties. Problems related to failure to use safety measures Firstly, we have economic problems linked to the accidents concerning failure to observe safety measures. The medications of the victims consume a lot of family money. Sometimes, it may require the family of the affected person to borrow money from credit institutions and friends to pay the huge hospital bills. The medical expenses may heighten in the case of internal head injuries that are due to failure to wear helmets while cycling. In such an event, the cost of carrying out the medical operation procedures on the victim is so high that it may be shifted from individual to society and then to the government (Ichikawa, Chadbunchachai, and Marui, 2003). This indicates that a lot of money that could be used in development projects is consumed by the medication procedures. If safety measures were observed, a lot of money would be saved for, CYCLING ACCIDENTS PREVENTION 3 and our economy would be less strained by the recurrent expenditure that we can all unite to eliminate. Secondly, many lives have been lost due to the accidents. We keep on losing our loved ones in these accidents, bread whiners, and even great minds and kids. Many people have died in the accidents, leaving behind orphans in the care of the society. The orphaned children that fail to land on safe hands mostly become street children and live a terrible life after that. Others lack good moral guidance from their guardians, and they become a nuisance to the society too. In addition to that, the survivors of the accidents may remain crippled in the rest of their lives. This attracts a lot of attention from family members, as they need to be helped in their new and special condition. For that reason, a lot of productive time is utilized in taking care of these victims. Additionally, we also have health problems associated with the failure to observe safety measures. Some motorists lack safety jackets while cycling, which make them exposed to the wind and cold that may lead to illnesses such as pneumonia and frostbite in the end. The exposure to the harsh conditions is heightened by the high speed at which the motorbikes move, which increases the penetration of the cold air in the lungs of the cyclists. The cyclist may also experience breathing difficulties in the case of such conditions occurring. Where the sicknesses are not detected early enough, they may overcome the patient and s/he eventually dies. The other health issue is in the case of occurrence of an accident. The victim may suffer mental injuries that make them totally incapacitated. They may lose their coordination ability for the rest of their lives. CYCLING ACCIDENTS PREVENTION 4 Conclusion In conclusion, we need to come together and address the issue of cycling related accidents as one people. From the above discussion, it is evident that the effects of these accidents are not desirable at all. They have economic, social as well as health problems on the people involved. The big issue is that most of the causes of these accidents are controllable by the simple observance of safety measures. Why should we keep on having these cycling accident related problems while we have all it takes to control them? Let us all embrace the cycling safety measures for our good, the good of our families and the society. CYCLING ACCIDENTS PREVENTION 5 Solution and advantages Introduction I hope by now you agree with me that cycling related accidents are not desirable at all due to the many problems associated with them. There is the need to come up with ways of controlling this kind of accidents from occurring. We should come up with the society today and endeavor to control these occurrences. Although it is not possible to eliminate accidents on our roads, it is good that we put in place safety measures that seek to reduce the occurrences of such accidents, letting only the inevitable accidents to occur. It is also important that we control the effects of the accidents by use of protective gears such as helmets. The most effective way of controlling these accidents is by the application of the law. Law enforcement on the matter can see these accidents reduce largely. The traffic police department can help a lot in the reduction of these cases. Huge fines should be imposed on cyclists who do not wear protective gear. This will act as a scaring factor in discouraging the accidents occurrence. Organizing awareness programs are also very important. This is because many people may suffer the mistakes for their lack of knowledge on the reasons for using the safety gear. Besides, the cycling classes’ syllabus should incorporate the importance of observing safety measures as well as the problems faced due to the occurrence of the accidents. This will reduce the negligence of the cyclists when it comes to observance of safety measures. Quality is also key in the selection of safety gear. In the current world, a lot of counterfeits are in the market. It is not easy to know the good quality when it comes to the selection of helmets to use. For that reason, there is a need for the government to chip in and ensure that products, which enter the market, meet the required standards. A helmet that can break very easily is not desirable CYCLING ACCIDENTS PREVENTION 6 at all. This kind of counterfeits usually attracts many customers due to their low prices in the market. Cyclists need to be very keen with their selection of protective gear since it is for their good. Nevertheless, the government should consider constructing other roads to be used by cyclists. This is likely to reduce the occurrence of accidents that involve motorists and cyclists. Advantages One of the advantages of using the above mentioned a prevention measure is that they are cheap to employ. Incorporating safety measures and effects of accidents in the cyclist qualification programs requires only an amendment of the syllabus. This is important in insulating the individual, family, society as well as the government from the economic problems associated with the occurrence of the accidents. In the case where these methods are applied, the money that was to be used in the treatment of the patients as well as repairing the bikes is used otherwise in production. The above methods also raise government revenue. The money earned from cyclist fines can be used in the sponsoring development projects as well as fueling poverty eradication programs. In addition to that, there is also a social advantage associated with the method above. Through the awareness programs, members of the public learn to be their brother’s keeper. The awareness meetings instill a social responsibility towards each other in the society. The community gets to know the right cycling gear and employ it for their safety during cycling. These programs also create opportunities for community members to correct and remind one another that road safety is a social responsibility. In the end, when the prevention measures are observed accordingly, accident occurrences are reduced and thus, the number of orphans due to the accidents is reduced too. CYCLING ACCIDENTS PREVENTION 7 Moreover, there is a political advantage of preventing the accidents from occurring. Most of the cyclists are in the actively productive age bracket responsible for the economic activities. Due to the reduction of the accidental deaths of these cyclists by the application of the above methods, the country’s economy is likely to thrive. Because of their youthful and innovative brains, the youths also possess leadership qualities that are important in the political development of the country. Additionally, we have environmental advantage associated with the prevention too. The occurrence of the accidents leaves glasses lying on the ground; and in some extreme cases, fire outbreaks accompany the accidents. The fire outbreaks may end up burning forests if the road runs through a forested area. The oil pouring from the bikes may mix with runoff water and find its way into rivers and other water bodies. These cause pollution on the water. The method of prevention described above does not encourage pollution in any way. On prevention of the accident occurrence, these cases are highly reduced, and the undesired pollution that could be experienced due to the fires is prevented. Conclusion In conclusion, there is the need to employ the above-mentioned safety procedures concerning cyclists’ road safety. The bad effects of the cyclists’ road accidents affect everyone in the society. We need to come out and embrace the safety measures while cycling on the roads. It is for our safety as well as the fueling of our economic and social development. CYCLING ACCIDENTS PREVENTION 8 References Brandt, M. M., Ahrns, K. S., Corpron, C. A., Franklin, G. A., & Wahl, W. L. (2002). Hospital cost is reduced by motorcycle helmet use. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 53(3), 469-471. Colorado, 1989–1990. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 27(3), 363-369. Cushman, R., Down, J., MacMillan, N., &Waclawik, H. (1991). Helmet promotion in the emergency room following a bicycle injury: a randomized trial.Pediatrics, 88(1), 43-47. Ichikawa, M., Chadbunchachai, W., & Marui, E. (2003).Effect of the helmet act for motorcyclists in Thailand.Accident Analysis & Prevention, 35(2), 183-189. Larsen, J., & El-Geneidy, A. (2011).A travel behavior analysis of urban cycling facilities in Montréal, Canada. Transportation research part D: transport and environment, 16(2), 172-177. Lott, D. F., & Lott, D. Y. (1976).Effect of bike lanes on ten classes of bicycle-automobile accidents in Davis, California. Journal of Safety Research. Smet, A. (2013). Transportation accident analysis and prevention. New York: Nova Science Publishers ...
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