Running head: NUTRITIONAL RISKS
Nutritional Risks: Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes is one of the recent lifestyle diseases that have been reported to affect both
adults and young people. It is among the top ten lists of the significant causes of death in the
United States. It is also one of the top four killer non-communicable diseases. In this view, it
causes approximately 170000 deaths annually. In the last four decades, the number of people
living with the condition in the world has increased drastically from 108 million in 1980 to 42
million in 2014 (Mohamed et al., 2018). The statistics are expected to continue in the same trend
due to the continuity in lifestyle factors, among other risks. Majority of the affected people
belong to the middle and low-income social classes. One of the notable essential aspects of
managing diabetes is its early diagnosis. Many incidences are discovered late in the development
stage, a factor which is of high concern to the health care system. This paper will focus on its
etiology, development, treatment, the role of nutrition, endorsed diet, the contribution of nursing
in nutrition, client education, and strategies to aid in diet adherence.
There are two main types of diabetes in the general population, type 1, and type 2. The
former is an autoimmune disorder which occurs when the body's immune system erroneously
targets and destroys the insulin-producing islet cells in the pancreas. As a consequence, there are
no known preventive measures to this class. This results in high blood sugar because the cells
cannot absorb it. However, Type 2 diabetes (mellitus) is the rampant one, and it develops from
pre-diabetes (Mohamed et al., 2018). These are the glycemic levels of fasting glucose, which is
higher than the standard measure, but rank below diabetes onset. It is a significant risk factor and
related complications like diabetic retinopathy, nephropathy, and higher chances of
Diabetes (Mellitus) is caused by the interplay between genetic factors of an individual and
metabolic conditions determined by environmental aspects. (Mohamed et al., 2018) The former
relates to the possession of precursor elements that impair the secretion of insulin as well as
insulin resistance. These factors are a result of diabetes susceptible genes acquired biologically.
In this view, family diabetic history is a significant risk factor. The pathogenesis is believed to be
explained by an abnormality in the cells involved in the metabolism of glucose. Analysis of
pancreatic β cells of victims confirms the ...
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