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The Electoral system of the US works in the following ways:
- Each state gets a number of electors equal to its number of members in the US.
- Each elector gets one vote, so a state of eight electors will cast eight votes, there are currently 538 electors and a majority of 270 votes are required approximately. Therefore it is based on congressional representation, that is the states with larger populations have more Electoral college votes.
- If any candidate fails to secure a majority than according to 12th Amendment, election is decided by the House of representatives. The combine representative of each state get one vote and a simple majority is required to win.
The major cons of the Electoral college are as follow:
- There is a possibility of electing a minor president that by absolute majority as occurred in 1824 due to political glitches or a major popular support by the public
- The risk of faithless Electors.
- The possible role of the electoral college in depressing voter turn outs.
- The failure to accurately reflect the national popularity will.
- contributes to the cohesiveness of the country by requiring a distribution of popular support to be elected president
- enhances the status of minority interests,
- contributes to the political stability of the nation by encouraging a two-party system, and
- maintains a federal system of government and representation.
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