Identifications. Define the term. Provide an additional three to five sentences of
significance. The terms in italics are drawn from the country chapters.
“Sick Man” of Europe
Arab Revolt (of 1916)
Waqf (Islamic trust)
Gamal Abd El Nasser
Anwar El Sadat
Free Officer Revolution
Essay Questions. One of the three questions below will be asked on the exam. It should
be answered in two or more pages.
1. How has the Egyptian government controlled the debate on human rights? Why has
it been so successful?
2. According to Kuran, the development and interaction of several Islamic institutions
(e.g. inheritance law and Islamic trusts) had unintended effects on economic growth
and can explain the underdevelopment of the Middle East and North Africa today.
What does he argue? What are the shortcomings of the Kuran’s argument?
3. Why is there so little democracy in the Middle East? In your answer, consider what
Penner, Bellin, Lust-Okar, Ross, and others argue.
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