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In order to develop effective HIV/AIDS risky behavior reduction intervention strategies and to further decrease the spread of HIV/AIDS, it is important to assess the prevalence of psycho-social problems and HIV/AIDS risky behaviors in people living with HIV/AIDS
The main psycho-social factors are:
- People living with HIV/AIDS are known to have great emotional needs and require enormous support for coming to terms with dire affliction status.
- In addition to being a disease that is associated with a number of physical malfunctions and progressive discomforts like pain, shortness of breath, altered sexual functioning and disfigurement, HIV/AIDS is also still a highly stigmatized disease.
- A number of studies of patients who seek HIV/AIDS treatment or preventive health services have indicated that there is fairly high prevalence of psycho-social problems including depression, anxiety, and hostility
- Other research shows that psycho-social variables, such as depression and other mental health problems, drug or alcohol addictions, or any combination of these are most commonly prevalent
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