Mobilize and Track Community Program Planning Paper

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Community Program Planning Assignment

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This assignment follows your findings of the windshield survey you conducted previously. The paper should include how the community nurse would plan for change using the following topics; Mobilize, Assess, Plan, Implement, and Track. CONCLUSION. This will help you to learn how to begin to plan and implement a small intervention of change in your community.

  • Take your nursing intervention that was recommended and prepare a professional paper in APA format
  • Use the MAPIT model created by Healthy People 2020. The model to be used for the paper can be found on the Healthy People 2020 website-The MAP-IT: A Guide to Using Healthy People 2020 in Your Community https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/tools-and-resources/Program-Planning
  • APA format is required. A reference page is to be included. The paper should be between 4 pages and include at least 2 references

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Community Program Planning Assignment- 5 points Assignment Criteria This assignment follows your findings of the windshield survey you conducted previously. The paper should include how the community nurse would plan for change using the following topics; Mobilize, Assess, Plan, Implement, and Track. CONCLUSION. This will help you to learn how to begin to plan and implement a small intervention of change in your community. 1. Take your nursing intervention that was recommended and prepare a professional paper in APA format 2. Use the MAPIT model created by Healthy People 2020. The model to be used for the paper can be found on the Healthy People 2020 website-The MAP-IT: A Guide to Using Healthy People 2020 in Your Community https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/tools-and-resources/Program-Planning 3. APA format is required. A reference page is to be included. The paper should be between 4 pages and include at least 2 references Assignment Criteria 1.5 points 1 points .5 points .25 point All topics/criteria addressed, and all questions fully answered. All topics/criteria addressed, and most questions fully answered. All topics/criteria addressed, and most questions partially answered. 1 points .5 points One or more topics/criteria not addressed or completely answered. .25 point Quality/Accuracy 1.5 points of Information Organization Sources Information clearly relates to the main topic/criteria. It includes several supporting details and/or examples. 1 points Information is very organized with wellconstructed paragraphs and levels of heading. Information clearly relates to the main topic/criteria. It provides supporting details and/or examples. .75 points Information organized with well-constructed paragraphs and levels of heading. Information clearly relates to the main topic/criteria. A few details and/or examples are given. Information has little or nothing to do with the main topic/criteria. .5 points There is an attempt at organization, but errors exist. No levels of heading. .25 point The information or overall structure appears disorganized. 1 points All references are from a relevant professional peerreviewed scholarly journal, within a 5year timeframe, or a classic/ historical source. .75 points The majority of references are from a relevant professional peer-reviewed scholarly journal, within a 5-year timeframe or a classic/historical source. .5 point Some references are from non-peer-reviewed scholarly sources or older than 5 years. .25 point Majority of references are from non-peer-reviewed scholarly sources or older than 5 years. Up to 20% of the assigned points (total points of assignment) can be deducted from the earned points for errors in APA style [title page, introduction, purpose statement, level heading, conclusion, references, citations, and format], spelling, and/or grammar. Final Total Running head: COMMUNITY PROGRAM PLANNING (EXAMPLE PAPER) Community Program Planning Name School COMMUNITY PROGRAM PLANNING 2 Community Program Planning Community program planning is a challenging process that requires the planner utilize the best model based on the nature of the program. In in this paper, the community nurse will utilize the MAPIT model created by Healthy People 2020. This model helps the programmer to mobilize, assess, plan, implement, and track the community program process. Mobilize This is a fundamental step towards the establishment of change. This will require the community nurse to outline the main objectives for the implementation of the intervention. Seemingly, the community nurse should also identify the individuals that would be represented in the intervention. Eventually, various stakeholders will be needed to make the intervention implementation process successful. These should mostly consist of individuals who share the objectives set to be achieved through the implementation of the intervention. After identifying the relevant stakeholders to be involved in the change, it would be vital for the community nurse to identify the possible roles for these individuals. Although they have mutual interests in the plan for change, they cannot handle the same activities. The community nurse would need to assign roles to these individuals based on their experiences and their capabilities. Role assignment should be an agreeable process in which the selected stakeholders agree to perform the roles (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2015). Assigning these roles helps to ensure that all the partners are focused and engaged in the entire change plan. COMMUNITY PROGRAM PLANNING 3 Assess This stage is also crucial to the change implementation process. The first step in this stage is to identify the range of people who are affected by the issue for which the community nurse intends to implement the interventions. Such change processes are better handled when they are focused on a specific target population within the community. Involving the entire community would lead to more expenses. It is also important to identify how the members of the target group are affected. Another important aspect in this part of the change process will be to identify the availability of resources. The community nurse must be able to ensure that the available resources can fully facilitate the change process. Finally, this stage involves the identification of the resources that are needed to accomplish the change (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2015). After assessing the available resources, it is easier to realize the resources that are still missing. It is important to ensure that all the requirements are present before the change process begins. Plan The planning process mainly focuses on the establishment of goals and identifying the best way to accomplish these goals. All the goals must aim towards the successful implementation of change. In this case, the community nurse will mostly focus on identifying the specific areas of the intervention that need change. This is an important step in the change process since it helps to eliminate chances of flaws in the final change process. Another important aspect of this step is identifying how to measure the progress of the change process. It is clear that the implementation of the change process intends to achieve some objectives. It is vital to monitor the entire change process to ensure that everything goes according to the plan. However, the monitoring process needs to be identified before the change process starts (Hansen, Kanning & Lauer, 2017). This is the stage of the change process in which the individuals are COMMUNITY PROGRAM PLANNING 4 aligned with their roles. They need to understand what exactly is required of them before the change process commences. Implement The implementation stage is almost the last stage in the change process. This is the stage where all the plans are put into practice. It is a sensitive stage for the change implementation process since a single mistake in following the plan could affect the entire process. During this stage, all the partners in the initiative take on their active roles. It will be important for the community nurse to reiterate these roles before they are assigned to these partners. They must clearly understand what they need to do and how they need to do it. After the implementation starts, it would be important for the community nurse to find an effective method of communicating with the other members of the community about the intervention change process. The change would directly affect the members of the community (Hansen, Kanning & Lauer, 2017). Therefore, they deserve to know what is going on. However, they can only know a few details regarding the plan. This would help to prevent sabotaging the entire process. Track This is the last stage of the change implementation process. This stage begins immediately after the implementation process begins. The activities in this stage help to ensure that all the provisions of the plan are followed to the later. It is an evaluation process in which every activity is scrutinized to identify whether it results in the expected impact on the change process. In the course of the tracking stage, it is vital to identify whether there is the possibility of achieving the expected change. This can be observed from the trends recorded during the progress. This stage would enable the community nurse to make changes to the plan in case COMMUNITY PROGRAM PLANNING 5 many disparities are observed in the course of change implementation. The main objective of this stage is to ensure that the main goals of the change process are achieved (Hansen, Kanning & Lauer, 2017). If they are not achieved, changes are made to the original plan in order to address the disparities. This stage makes it easier to understand what exactly needs changing in order to realize the results. Conclusion It is apparent that the community nurse will have to utilize the MAPIT model created by Healthy People 2020 in the community program development process. This model will enable the nurse to mobilize, assess, plan, implement, and track the community program. This will ensure that the program achieve all its intended change objectives. In the mobilize face, the nurse will bring together all the resources required to finish the program. The assess phase will require the nurse to identify the population groups that would be affected by the proposed change process. The plan phase will involve establishing the goals for the change program and the best way to achieve these goals. The implement stage will involve the actual implementation of the intervention strategies to enhance the change. Finally, the track phase will involve the evaluation of the program design and implementation processes in order to ensure that they meet all the required standards. Tracking would take place at every stage of the program development process. COMMUNITY PROGRAM PLANNING 6 References Hansen, S., Kanning, M. & Lauer, R. (2017). MAP-IT: A Practical Tool for Planning Complex Behavior Modification Interventions. Health Promotion Practice, Vol 18, Issue 5, pp. 696 – 705. Stanhope, M. & Lancaster, J. (2015). Public Health Nursing: Population-centered Health Care in the Community. New York: Elsevier Health Sciences. Mobilize Healthy People 2020 Tools: Questions to Ask and Answer: • • • • What is the vision and mission of the coalition? Why do I want to bring people together? Who should be represented? Who are the potential partners (organizations and businesses) in my community? Assess Healthy People 2020 Tools: Questions to Ask and Answer: • • • Who is affected and how? What resources do we have? What resources do we need? Plan Healthy People 2020 Tools: Questions to Ask and Answer: • • • What is our goal? What do we need to do to reach our goal? Who will do it? How will we know when we have reached our goal? Implement Healthy People 2020 Tools: Questions to Ask and Answer: • • Are we following our plan? What can we do better? Track Healthy People 2020 Tools: Questions to Ask and Answer: • • • • Are we evaluating our work? Did we follow the plan? What did we change? Did we reach our goal? Windshield Assessment Maylet Cortes Nova Southeastern University Windshield Assessment SECTION A Boundaries 1- Describe the boundaries of the neighborhood. (highway, railroad, lake, river, gated community). o The City of Homestead, the second oldest city in Miami-Dade County, celebrated its Centennial in 2013.Martin Luther King Jr. Clinica Campesina is located on 810 West Mowry Drive, Homestead, FL 33030. Homestead is primarily a Miami suburb and a major agricultural area. The principal roadways are South Dixie Highway, the Florida’s Turnpike and Krome Ave. Also, the Homestead Air Reserve Base is 2.1 miles near to MLK. Also, the location of the CHI has an old Homestead Seaboard Air Line Railway Station which was the train the main via of transportation in 1920s. 2- Does the community have a name? Is the name displayed? o Homestead. Yes, the displays are found in the city limits. 3- Are there unofficial names for the community? No, there aren’t. 4- Are there sub- sections within the community or neighborhood? Yes, there are some independent communities in the area such as Redland, Leisure City, Naranja, and Princeton. Housing 1- How old are the houses, what style, of what materials are they constructed? The first building was built in 1905. There were built using blocks, bricks, panels. The rooftop is made with asphalt shingles. 2- Are all the houses similar? Yes, most of the old communities have similar old structure. 3- Are there single and multi-family homes in the community? Yes, there are many townhouses, single family homes and apartments in this area. 3- What is the approximate lot size? House lot size is an average of 10,000 sq./ft. 4- Are there vacant homes? Yes, there are currently 70 land homes for sale in Homestead at a median listing price of $270K. 5- Does the community show sign of improvements? o The city of Homestead has been increasing due to the rise of the population. New apartments and houses have been built recently. 6- Does the community show signs of decay? o Comdoms have old paints, broken windows, old doors, broken fences, uncleaned garden. 7- Is there trash, abandoned cars, boarded up buildings, rubble, poor drainage, diseases vector areas? o There are abandoned vehicles, ruins, poor drainage, and diseases vectors in this area. Different areas have trash on the sides of the road. The vacant homes are boarded because there are a lot of vandalism with broken doors and windows. SECTION B Parks and Recreation 1- Are there parks and recreation facilities? Describe. o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o Audubon Park Blakey Park Camp Owaissa Bauer Ernestine Jackson Seymore Park Harris Field Park Homestead Air Reserve Park James Archer Smith Park JD Redd Park Leisure Lakes Park Losner Park Mayor Roscoe Warren Municipal Park Naranja Lakes Park Palmland Park Phicol Williams Community Center Roby George Park Royal Colonial Park Seminole Wayside Park South Dade Park 2- Is the open space public or private? Public Stores o What grocery stores and neighborhood stores are available? o o o o Walmart Subway Pollo Tropical How do the residents of the community travel to the stores? o o o o Walking Metrobus Bicycle Car Transportation 1- What is the condition of the streets? Most streets need repair because they look old, dirty and without paint. 2- What forms of public transportation are available? Most people walking, others using car or bicycles. Bus 3- Is there a major highway near the neighborhood? The Florida’s Turnpike is the major highway near the community. Service Centers 1- What social agencies, recreation centers and schools are in the community? Social agencies: o Theme Factory USA o Dealers Recreation: o o o o o o o o o o ArtSouth Artist's Community at Homestead, Florida Biscayne National Park Coral Castle Everglades Alligator Farm Everglades National Park Flagship Cinemas Homestead 14 Fruit and Spice Park Homestead Bayfront Park and Marina Homestead General Aviation Airport Homestead Historic Downtown District o o o o o o o o o o o o o o Homestead Seaboard Air Line Railway Station Homestead Hospital Baptist Health South Florida Miami-Dade Public Library System – Homestead Branch Homestead Pavilion Homestead Championship Rodeo Homestead-Miami Speedway Homestead Sports Complex Homestead Air Reserve Base[29] Knaus Berry Farm Robert Is Here Fruit Stand and Farm Schnebly Redland's Winery Seminole Theatre South Dade Rail Trail Turkey Point Nuclear Generating Station Schools: o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o Air Base K-8 Center Avocado Elementary School Campbell Drive Middle School Homestead Middle School Irving & Beatrice Peskoe K-8 Center Laura C. Saunders Elementary School Miami MacArthur South Redland Elementary School Redondo Elementary School School for Advanced Studies-Homestead West Homestead Elementary School MAST (Medical Academy for Science and Technology) @ Homestead Waterstone Charter School Everglades Preparatory Academy Mavericks High of South Miami Dade County Somerset City Arts Conservatory Somerset Academy Charter Elementary School (South Homestead) Somerset Academy (Silver Palms) Somerset Oaks Academy Summerville Advantage Academy School for Integrated Academics and Technologies (SIATech) Miami Arts Charter School 2- Are there health care providers: physician offices, dentists, clinics, emergency rooms, hospitals? o Pediatric Associates Homestead o Clinical Research of Homestead o Florida City Dental o South Dental Homestead o Homestead Hospital Baptist Health South Florida SECTION C Population 1- Who is on the streets? o Beggars and homeless o People waiting for buses o People walking their dogs How are they dressed? o They are dressed casually. Most people on the streets are dressed in dirty shorts, tshirts and pants. Also, they wear old shoes, sandals, or boots. 2- What animals do you see? o There are many squirrels, birds, dogs, eagles, mouse, and cats found in this area. 3- Is there police and fire protection available? o Homestead Police Department 45 NW 1st Ave, Homestead, FL 33030 o US Air Force Fire Department 12448 Ploesti Rd Ste 706, Homestead, FL 33039 4- Does a specific ethnic group predominate in the community? o The main population is integrated by Hispanic who speak Spanish as a first language. o The second part of the population are Black and White Americans who speak English. o The third part of the population are from Haiti who speak Creole. 5- Are there churches or places of worship in the community? o City Church o First United Methodist Church o First Christian Church o First Baptist Church of Homestead o Living Water Full Gospel Church of Homestead 6- Would you rate this community as upper, upper middle, middle, working class or lower class? How would you base this judgment? The average income for a household was $26,409. Besides, the per capita income of the city was $11,357. About 31.8% of the residents in Homestead are below the poverty line. In general, this community are composed by working and lower classes. This decision is made by the city appearance, culture and communication skills. SECTION D 1- Nursing Assessment of the Community What zip code did you survey? 33030 2- What would be a need for a community health nurse to begin a health promotion project in this community? o Drug abuse o Anxiety and depression o Heart disease o Diabetes o HIV and other sexual transmitted infection o Pregnancy and abortion o This community consists of many Hispanic individuals. These individuals are known to be at increased risk of heart disease and diabetes. Many of the individuals seen walking to their cars in the morning or those that are in the community health center are overweight. It is evident that a plan to educate this population about their eating and physical habits should be evaluated to determine the level of knowledge this area has on the health risks of being overweight. A health promotion project for this area would be to implement an educational and support groups for those in this community to help make the health style changes needed to decrease their risk of developing heart related disease. Summary Martin Luther King Jr. Clinica Campesina is a Community Health Center subsidized by the federal government. This clinic operates under a SLIDING SCALE model. This means that you can be covered even if you don’t have insurance.. This health center offers several services such as checkups, treatment, prescription of medicines and pregnancy care. Other programs are mental care and substance abuse. Additionally, MLK offer Laboratory Services, Family Care Services, Immunizations, Pediatrics, Dental Services, Imaging Services. The open hours are: 8:30am - 5:00pm (Mon-Fri) and closed - Saturday & Sunday. • • • • • • A team of highly qualified primary care physicians are some of the best providers of patient care. They are skilled in a broad range of family-centered medical services including acute and chronic disease management, preventative care, health education and much more. Annual check ups, acute and episodic care for all illnesses, chronic disease management, school physicals, parent education and immunizations. Through the Vaccines for Children Program, CHI provides free immunizations. The Primary Care: A team of highly qualified primary care physicians are some of the best providers of patient care. They are skilled in a broad range of family-centered medical services including acute and chronic disease management, preventative care, health education and much more. Dental Care: Services include an initial exam and diagnosis, preventative care, restoration, surgery, prosthetics, cosmetic surgery and more. If you don’t have dental insurance, CHI can help you with that, too. OB/GYN: Includes annual Check-Ups and Pap Smears, family planning and contraceptive management, prenatal care, pre- and post-menopausal treatment, infertility and endocrine treatment, infectious disease diagnosis and treatment, cancer screening and treatment. Behavioral Health (adult and pediatric): Our behavioral health staff is among the best backed by intensive training and experience. In addition, we know compassion and understanding are important components to a successful behavioral health treatment. It is an integrated approach that combines behavioral health and medical services to work hand in hand for the patient’s benefit.
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Running head: COMMUNITY PROGRAM PLANNING

Community Program Planning
Name
Course
Date

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COMMUNITY PROGRAM PLANNING

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Contents
Introduction ......................................................................................................................... 3
Brief description of the community and the major health issues found ............................. 3
Mobilize .............................................................................................................................. 4
Assess .................................................................................................................................. 5
Plan ..................................................................................................................................... 5
Implement ........................................................................................................................... 7
Track ................................................................................................................................... 7
Conclusions ......................................................................................................................... 7
References ........................................................................................................................... 8

COMMUNITY PROGRAM PLANNING

3

Community Program Planning
Introduction
The MAPIT model, developed within the framework of the Health Horizon 2020,
provides a straightforward approach to the planning, implementation, and improvement of
community nursing programs. It consists on five different stages in which the community nurse
collects information about the significant health issues affecting the community, analyzes them,
designs a strategic plan to address these issues, implements it, and tracks the progress (Fertman,
& Allensworth, 2016). The present report presents the implementation of this model to the
community nursing program oriented at solving the most critical health issues of the community
of Homestead (zip code 33030, Florida).
Brief description of the community and the major health issues found
As introduced in the windshield assessment, the community of Homestead is a suburb
region located near Miami, mainly inhabited by Hispanics and African Americans. The area is
highly impoverished, as indicated by the fact that around one-third of the population lives below
the poverty line. This socioeconomic issue has its direct reflection in the health status of the
community, as the community can hardly acc...


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