What types of states
are most likely to become authoritarian? Why? Along the same lines, what
authoritarian states have been most likely to democratize? Under what
circumstances does this democratization occur and why? Based on previous
findings, describe one country you think is likely to democratize in
the near future.
Thank you for the opportunity to help you with your question!
There are lots of examples in ancient history of city states that vacillated between forms of popular government, monarchy and dictatorship - ancient Athens and Rome are good examples. Neither of these were 'democracies' in a modern sense however. They all excluded women, slaves, and non-citizens from the political process. The Roman Senate was an aristocratic clique that wasn't in any way representative of the broader population.
Under what circumstances does this democratization occur and why
Forces external to countries are important to explain waves, such as steady economic growth occuring in many countries simultaneously, sudden global or regional economic crises, transitions in neighboring countries, or systemic shocks such as the World Wars or the end of the Cold War.
Please let me know if you need any clarification. I'm always happy to answer your questions.