Summarize how the Electoral College works

Anonymous
timer Asked: Dec 14th, 2015
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summarize how the Electoral College works. Explain some of the main pros and cons in the debate about whether to keep or abolish the current Electoral College process

Tutor Answer

Gakiri
School: University of Virginia

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The Electoral College is a process which was put in place in order to allow a nationwide system of fairness after selecting leaders. For instance, this process works with the fact that the results of the popular vote are not guaranteed to stand as the presidential election is usually decided by this system. Under this process, if you cast your vote for the president, you also vote for an often un-named elector who will cast a ballot in a separate election that eventually chooses the president.
The main pros and cons in the debate about whether to keep or abolish the current Electoral College process. 
There are certain pros and cons in the debate about whether to keep or abolish the current Electoral College process. For instance, the Electoral College has hampered the democracy of United States in a manner inconsistent with current American practices. Taking for example, all voters are not given equal opportunities under the Electoral College (Bates, 2004). 
Even though the Electoral College inflates the victories of the winners, such as establishing their legitimacy, these victories do not give presidents liberated ride in Congress, where their party may be in the minority or the politicians may not think that Electoral College landslide should be treated the same as a genuine popular majority landslide (Yale University Press, 2004). Taking for example, President Ronald Reagan won an Electoral College landslide in 1980 and faced substantial resistance from the Democratic House of Representatives in his term. However, the main pro for not abolishing the current Electoral College process is that it enhances an opportunity for fair voting and choosing leaders. For example, results of the most votes are not guaranteed to stand because the presidential election is usually decided votes of the Electoral College (Bates, 2004).

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