I want an essay to the below question in 350 words in apa format using academically reviewed articles

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Question Description

Based on chapter 13 reading assignment, describe an IT or similar business project you have done or are currently doing. In your discussion, provide information on the following:

1. What is that project? Provide complete description. Consider using PPM.

2. What was the scoop, deliverable, and results of the project?

3. What constraints did you experience and how did you handle them?

4. If you had to do the same project again, what changes will you recommend?

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Chapter 13 Project Management and SDLC Prepared by Dr. Derek Sedlack, South University Learning Objectives Project Management Concepts Project Planning, Execution, and Budget System Development Life Cycle Project Monitoring, Control, and Closing Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 13 Project Management Concepts • Deliverable – Items that you hand off to the client or management for their review and approval and that must be produced to complete a project or part of a project. • Project Portfolio Management (PPM) – Set of business practices to manage projects as a strategic portfolio. • Business Case – Identifies an opportunity, problem, or need and the desired business outcomes of the project. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 13 Project Management Concepts Project Portfolio Management Path Map proposed projects to organizational strategies. Assess the value that a proposed project brings to the company. Assess the complexity of proposed projects. Prioritize project proposals for project selection. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 13 Project Management Concepts Operations vs. Projects • Operations – Business as usual • Projects – Clearly defined scope, deliverables, and results. – Estimated time frame or schedule subject to a high degree of uncertainty. – Estimated budget subject to a high degree of uncertainty. – Requirement of extensive interaction among participants. – Tasks that may compete or conflict with other business activities. – Risky but with a high profit potential or benefits. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 13 Project Management Concepts Scope Project Success Time Cost Figure 13.3 Project success triple constraint. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 13 Project Management Concepts • Scope Creep – Project growth is the piling up of small changes that by themselves are manageable but in aggregate are significant. – Contributes to overages in budget, deadline, and/or resources. – Standard project management approaches reduce scope creep. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 13 Project Management Concepts 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. What is a deliverable? What is the purpose of PPM? What distinguishes a project from operations? What are the triple constraints? How can scope creep contribute to project failure? What identifies an opportunity, problem, or need and the desired business outcomes of the project? 7. What is the approach that examines projects holistically and manages them as a strategic portfolio? 8. What are the items that you hand off to the client or management for their review and approval? 9. What are the three attributes that must be managed effectively for successful completion and closure of any project? 10. What is the term for the piling up of small changes that by themselves are manageable but in aggregate are significant? Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Learning Objectives Project Management Concepts Project Planning, Execution, and Budget System Development Life Cycle Project Monitoring, Control, and Closing Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 13 Project Planning, Execution, and Budget • Project Business Case – Identifies an opportunity, problem, or need and the desired business outcomes of the project. • Statement of Work (SOW) – A definitive statement that defines the project plan, but does not offer any options or alternatives in the scope. – After the project plan in the SOW is reviewed, a go or no-go decision is made. • Go/No-Go Decision – Formal decision made by PM, sponsor, and appropriate executives and stakeholders. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 13 Project Planning, Execution, and Budget 13.4 Project management key stages and activities. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 13 Project Planning, Execution, and Budget • Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) – Identifies all work or activities that need to be performed, the schedule of work, and who will perform the work. • Milestones – Used to manage the project work effort, monitor results, and report meaningful status to project stakeholders. • Crowdfunding – Raising funds for a project from the public, or crowd, via the Web. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 13 Project Planning, Execution, and Budget • Responsibility Matrix – Shows who has primary responsibility and who has support responsibility for the activities listed in the WBS. • Gantt Chart – A bar chart that shows the timeline of the project schedule. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 13 Project Planning, Execution, and Budget • Baseline (Master Plan) – Finalized and accepted project plan. – Changed only through formal change control processes. • Variance – Any change to the baseline. • Crowdfunding – Raising funds for a project from the public, or crowd, via the Web. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 13 Project Planning, Execution, and Budget 1. If the business case is accepted, what document is prepared? 2. What events are used to manage the project work effort, monitor results, and report a meaningful status to project stakeholders? 3. What is the longest path of tasks through a project? 4. What shows who has primary responsibility and who has support responsibility for the tasks listed in the WBS? 5. What is the type of bar chart that shows the timeline of the project schedule? 6. When the project plan is finalized and agreed to, what is any change to the baseline? Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Learning Objectives Project Management Concepts Project Planning, Execution, and Budget System Development Life Cycle Project Monitoring, Control, and Closing Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 13 Project Monitoring, Control, and Closing • Integrated Change Control – Process helps to manage the disruption resulting from requested changes and corrective actions across the project life cycle. – Required to defend: • Approved/rejected change requests • Updates to the project plan/scope • Approved corrective and preventive actions • Approved/validated defect repair Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 13 Project Monitoring, Control, and Closing • Critical Path – Longest path of tasks through a project. Extends the length of the project with delays unless something is done to compensate. Contains critical tasks or activities. • Critical Tasks – Tasks or activities on the critical path that must be completed on schedule in order for the project to finish on time. • Noncritical tasks – Tasks or activities not on the critical path, but may go critical if delayed enough. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 13 Project Monitoring, Control, and Closing 13.8 Project controls. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 13 Project Monitoring, Control, and Closing • Project Control – Used to identify when to declare the ongoing project a failure and kill it. • Sunk Cost – Money already spent on the project. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 13 Project Monitoring, Control, and Closing • Project Closing and Postmortem – Project closure does not benefit the completed project. – The enterprise and people who worked on the project benefit. – Post-project reviews, or postmortems, identify the reasons the project was successful or not, strengths and weaknesses of the project plan, how problems were detected and resolved, and how the project was successful in spite of them. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 13 Project Monitoring, Control, and Closing 1. What processes help to ensure that the impacts resulting from requested changes and corrective actions are managed across the project life cycle? 2. What is the length of a project? 3. Assuming no changes are made, what happens when a task on the critical path is delayed? 4. What costs should not be considered when deciding whether to kill a project? 5. When are lessons learned from a completed project identified? Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Learning Objectives Project Management Concepts Project Planning, Execution, and Budget System Development Life Cycle Project Monitoring, Control, and Closing Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 13 System Development Life Cycle • System Development Life Cycle (SDLC) – The traditional system development method for large IT projects, such as IT infrastructure or an enterprise system. – A structured framework that consists of a sequential set of processes. – Highly susceptible to scope creep through: • Additional feature requests • Unnecessary stakeholders • Technological change/improvement Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 13 System Development Life Cycle Initial Idea Objectives Maintenance Requirements Analysis Expectations Implementation Specifications System Analysis Development Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 13 System Development Life Cycle • Requirements Analysis – Deficiencies are identified and used to specify new system requirements. – More time invested in analysis mean greater probability of IS success. • System Analysis – Design of the proposed system. • Feasibility Studies – Technical, Economic, Legal and Organizational, and Behavioral. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 13 System Development Life Cycle • System Development – Creation based on functional objectives to solve the business problem. • Testing – Verification that apps, interfaces, data transfers, etc., work correctly under all possible conditions. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 13 System Development Life Cycle • Implementation – Conversion of the old system to the new system. • Parallel: simultaneous transfer • Direct: cut off and migration • Pilot: test new than roll out • Phased: specific components in stages • Maintenance – Perform audits to assess capabilities and determine operational correctness. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 13 System Development Life Cycle 1. What are the stages of the SDLC? 2. Why is information system design highly susceptible to scope creep? 3. What can be done to prevent runaway projects? 4. Explain the feasibility tests and their importance. 5. What are four conversion methods? Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. ...
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tutorbrito
School: UC Berkeley

Hi buddyplease find attached work doneIts a pleasure working with you and I look forward to many moreKINDLY LEAVE A POSITIVE REVIEW

Running head: INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

Information Technology
Student’s Name
Institutional Affiliation

1

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

2
Information Technology

Information technology is the use of CPUs, online working, and corporal strategies with
procedures that store, process, create, protect and exchange all types of data. IT is used in the
creative operations that contrast to personal data and entertainment appliances (Dutta, Geiger &
Lanvin, 2015). The profitable use of IT includes computer knowledge and telephony. I am
working as a network ...

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