When asked to think about democracy, you might begin by considering what you already know about the topic. Is there a concrete definition of democracy that is familiar to you? Would you know democracy if you were to see it in action? To be sure, there are principles that make a government democratic, and it is important to note those that are integral parts of democratic governance. In addition to democratic principles, public agenda issues also are important to understand. As you move further into the study of governance and public policy, you may find that public agenda issues touch the very core of democratic governance. This week, you are introduced to several basic principles of democratic governance and consider their lasting impact on contemporary debates in the public agenda.Assignment: Application: Essential Principles of Democracy
Assignment: Application: Essential Principles of Democracy
Not all democratic governments look alike; however, they all share certain fundamental principles. Majority rule, liberty, equality, and rule of law are a few of the universal principles generally shared across democracies. Some principles form the foundation of democracy and are absolutely essential to sustaining democratic governance. Still others are worthwhile but not essential to democracy. Contemplate how democratic principles relate to democratic governance and contribute to a democratic society. As you think about democratic principles for this Assignment, weigh those that are most important to democracy as you understand it. Perhaps your evaluation might help you answer the following question: Exactly which democratic concepts and principles make a government democratic?
To prepare for this Assignment:
- Review the article “Democracy and Equality” in this week’s Learning Resources. Consider whether you think equality is a fundamental democratic principal.
- Review the article “Mill’s Moral and Political Philosophy” in this week’s Learning Resources.
- Consider the democratic principle of liberty as it relates to democratic governance.
- Think about the tenets of John Stuart Mill’s conception of democracy and whether you agree or disagree with the ideas he proposed.
- Select at least two democratic principles that you consider fundamental and essential to democracy.
- Select at least two democratic principles that you consider related and desirable but not essential to democracy.
- Think about what conclusions might be drawn about democratic principles as they relate to democratic governance.
The Assignment (1–3 pages):
- Briefly explain the four democratic principles you selected.
- Explain which principles you think are fundamental and essential to democracy and explain why.
- Explain which principles you think are related and desirable but not essential to democracy and explain why.
- Based on your evaluation, draw at least one conclusion about democratic principles as they relate to democratic governance.
Support your Assignment with specific references to all resources used in its preparation. You are asked to provide a reference list only for those resources not included in the Learning Resources for this course.
Resources to use
Post, R. (2006). Democracy and equality. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 603(1), 24–36.
Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.
Brink, D. (2007). Mill’s moral and political philosophy. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (Fall 2008 ed.). Retrieved from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/mill-moral-polit...
Machan, T. (2005). The right to private property. In Internet encyclopedia of philosophy. Retrieved from http://www.iep.utm.edu/property/
The United Nations. (1948). The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Retrieved from http://www.un.org/en/universal-declaration-human-r...
Waldron, J. (2004). Property and ownership. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (Spring 2012 ed.). Retrieved from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/property/
Laureate Education (Producer). (2014d). Democratic principles [Audio file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.In this media piece, subject-matter experts offer contrasting perspectives on a contentious public agenda issue and examine how various concepts or principles of democracy impact that public agenda item.
Explanation & Answer
Running Head: ESSENTIAL PRINCIPLES OF DEMOCRACY
Essential Principles of Democracy
ESSENTIAL PRINCIPLES OF DEMOCRACY
There are several guiding principles that act as the foundation for democracy or
democratic governance of a nation. It is imperative to note that democracy is a system of
government where citizens are able to exercise their power through voting or election process. In
the context of direct democracy the citizens have the responsibility of forming a governing body
and vote on any pertaining issue (Gottlieb, 2017). On the other hand, in representative
democracy the citizens elect their representatives among themselves. In a nutshell, democracy is
a system of government by the people and for the people as the people elect and vote for their
representatives through a democratic process. Democracy is thus a system of government where
power and civic responsibility are exercised by all citizens directly through their elected
representatives. In any democratic government, the citizens exercise their power through their
elected representatives who are vested with the responsibility to represent the will and the
aspirations of their people or the electorates (Gottlieb, 2017).
Any democratic government is characterized by several principles which are also the
defining factors of a democratic nation. The four notable and most important principles of
democracy include equality, rule of law, free and fair election, protected rights and freedom, and
accountability and transparency of government officials. These are just a few of the most
important principles of democracy that must prevail in any system of government that is
considered democratic. The following is a discussion of each of these principles in order of their
ESSENTIAL PRINCIPLES OF DEMOCRACY
The political equality of all citizens is an imperative and an essential principle of
democracy. Every citizen within any democratic nation has equal rights that are protected and
that they are equal before the law. The political, legal, and moral equality of citizens is one of the
overarching goals of any democratic society. The equality in this case is categorized into three
important aspects namely the political equality, the legal equality, and the moral equality. The
political equality in this case means that every citizen has the opportunity to contest and
participate in any political election. Each citizen has equal vote and that no one has more than
one vote. The legal equality on the other hand means that all citizens and non-citizens are to have
equal protection of the law. No citizen should be subjected to discrimination based on race, sex,
gender, ethnicity, or ancestry or on account of personal choices such as religion, political
affiliation, occupation, or group. Finally, moral equality means that each citizen should be given
equal respect in the eyes of the law.
Rule of law
The rule of law is an important principle of democracy in the sense that the law of the
land should guide every activity and should be supreme....