Running Head: THEORIES OF CAREER DEVELOPMENT
Theories of Career Development
THEORIES OF CAREER DEVELOPMENT
Theories of Career Counseling
Career counseling theories are used while talking to individuals to determine which job is
best for them according to their traits and passions. The following are the three major theories
formed by different theorists to give positive contributions to the career development of
Trait and Factor Theory
This theory was developed by Frank Parson in 1909 to assist counselors in making the
most appropriate decisions when advising their clients. Trait and factor focus on achieving a
match in the people’s personalities with their careers. To learn a person’s character, the theory
advice on taking into consideration some essential aspects of personal values, abilities, and
interests then make a decision on which career suits the person best (Feller, Honaker & Zagzebski,
It is good to have different career choices based on the individuals involved as it gives
them the ability to choose what they like most while still achieving professional satisfaction. The
theory has however received a lot of critics as it supports the fact that everyone has a similar
career goal and hence the counseling will lead them to settle on the same field (Elizabeth, 2019).
The truth about careers is that each has a different way of looking at things because of their
interests, which should be an essential aspect when it comes to how the advisor uses the theory.
Mitchel, Gelatt invented the theory, and...