Lynn University South Africa Water Crisis Policy Research essay

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A research essay is an original essay where the student poses a research question, gathers materials (designing interview questions, observing and taking notes, designing questionnaires, critical analysis of readings and sources) focuses the research, shapes the argument, and frames the materials in relation to the larger themes developed in the course.

Recommended Length: 3-4 pages, double-spaced in 12pt font. APA Format. For further detail related to overall lay-out, review the following attachment.

Ideally, the beginnings of this final research strand will occur in the earlier essays. Instructors may wish to insist on a certain component of library research, and they may wish to specify exactly what that should entail (i.e., current journals, periodicals, newspaper accounts), but at least some component of the project should be drawn from theoretical concerns delineated in their reader, and at least some portion should include interviews or field notes of some kind.

Some of the activities in this part of the semester should involve posing a research question, gathering materials (designing interview questions, observing and taking notes, designing questionnaires) focusing the study, shaping the argument, framing the materials in relation to the larger themes developed in the course.

It is often helpful if the class can function with long-term writing groups for this part of the semester, so a group of three or four students might periodically check with one another about the progress of their research and receive feedback from a group familiar with their materials about how persuasive the presentation is, what pieces of information are needed to bolster the argument, what other kind of framing material might heighten the significance of the research. Recommended Length: 3-4 pages. APA Format.

Purpose: To develop an argument on a specific topic and provide persuasive support for your thesis using strong reasons and clear evidence.

Audience: An academic audience that includes the authors of the readings and other interested in the issue upon which you are focusing.

Questions for Consideration and Topic Exploration: As your country’s leader, you are tasked with composing a policy paper, a country position briefing, that focuses on your country (that you choose and determined during class discussion) and reflects the point of view of your country. This paper will incorporate findings on your country’s background in which you include key demographics and trends on education, family, religion, deviance and social control norms (statistics related to justice), as well as development (human development, poverty and inequality). Then, you will provide your country’s perspective on the global challenge you selected that is based on the following theme: Overcoming the Global Food, Fuel and Water Crisis. The policy paper should involve the background of the issue, an analysis, and specific recommendations for action. In addition to providing your country’s recommendations for actions, you should highlight at least one way in which your country’s government, a governmental or non-governmental organization, or group of citizens has taken steps to overcome the issue. Incorporate the structural functionalist theory into your paper (you may seek to additionally mention critical/conflict theory or symbolic interactionism, if applicable).

Sources for this analysis (10 total) should include the UN readings and website (UNDP and MDG sites), current articles gathered from newspaper and at least three (3) scholarly journal sources.

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Running head: DAY ZERO AND AN OBTAINABLE SOLUTION Day Zero and an Obtainable Solution Narcis Mujkic Lynn University 1 DAY ZERO AND AN OBTAINABLE SOLUTION Day Zero and an Obtainable Solution Living every day in fear of no access to water is a horror. Even having regulated access to water is expressing a harsh regime over a society. That is exactly what is currently happening in Cape Town. The legislative capital of South Africa has incredible potential to become the first metropolitan area to run out of water. Moreover, the anticipated doomsday where water will be shut of is known as Day Zero. Such a situation will call for drastic measures, and citizens will be forced to the only source of water. Similar to how water was obtained throughout history, society will gather in lines to be allowed a finite quantity of water from one of numerous wells. It is indeed concerning to face a future that will take society into the past. Day Zero will undoubtedly impact society to a harsh extent that will translate with a regressed society; they will be forced to secure water as a priority and hence stagnate in terms of output. In fact the widespread reach of the water crisis will impact multiple aspects of everyday life, from economy and agriculture, to politics and everyday life. Without an evident source of the crisis, both society and government officials must be considered and their actions examined in order to determine the major contributor of Day Zero that Cape Town seems to barely avoid each time. Day zero is the anticipated period in which Cape Town will almost entirely run out of water. The water crisis has become a significant issue in the city, which has ended up affecting most activities in the city. This includes agriculture, tourism, and the economy among all other things. Adequate water in any surrounding region plays a significant role in ensuring that all processes are carried out well (Smith 2018). Climate change in South Africa is one of the major factors that has led to the crisis. At the same time, human activities such as deforestation, and misuse of water have also played a significant role in putting the city at a high risk of running out of water. Even with all this in mind, there is still much that can be done to prevent the city from 2 DAY ZERO AND AN OBTAINABLE SOLUTION reaching Day Zero. Running out of water is a somewhat manageable crisis, and the following can be done in ensuring the city’s stability. Different approaches can be taken in ensuring water is used to sustainable extent. For instance, in agriculture, making use of grey water from areas like drain pipes in watering crops and gardens could also be used in toilets. This approach is essential in ensuring more amounts of clean water are reserved for purposes such as consumption. Adequate water management is mainly about ensuring minimized water wastage which is a better approach to ensuring more reserved water. When it comes to the forestry sector, the planting of indigenous trees is also a sustainable practice. This is because these trees use less water as compared to alternative species such as gum trees, roses, and pansies. Such approaches may appear as small-scaled, however in the long run, they are likely to have a very high impact in preventing the water crisis in Cape Town (Chipako & Randall 2019). Messages and agenda could be distributed among society by the government and municipalities to encourage their citizens to make use of grey water and optimize their water usage. Furthermore, the government could also fund new projects, for instance, the construction of new dams that could be used for different purposes. Not the most significant impact but, building additional dams at further regions could be a stepping stone out of the crisis. This includes domestic use and irrigation in hydroelectric power. As much as this approach might be costly, it can play a very significant role in ensuring water is well conserved thereby, preventing the higher chances of having the city running out of water for an extended shorter-term. In pure essence, funding of such projects would be significant in ensuring sustainability and better conservation of water portraying the government as more determined and sustainable towards reaching a solution. Yet, the society also needs to be encouraged to participate in simple 3 DAY ZERO AND AN OBTAINABLE SOLUTION practices that are crucial in conserving water, to prevent its biggest sociocultural runoff. This is not only important in preventing soil erosion, but also for agricultural purposes. The simple practices can be implemented at most contributory farms, to ensure there is minimized water wastage. Proper practical efforts therefore, matter to an extent of social impact, when it comes to ensuring there are optimal quantities of conservated per specific area. The call for collaboration is also vital in dealing with this crisis effectively. Per se, when the government or the municipality conceptualize measures of ensuring there is significance in minimization of water loss, it is in fact, the social responsibility of Cape Town’s society to act upon their largest benefit of social hierarchical contribution. Climatic conditions usually ought to be blamed for the state of the crisis, but the mater of the fact is, human activities have a higher contribution to water shortage in the city. Therefore whenever regulations or regimes are implemented, it is the responsibility of each member to enduringly contribute in avoiding the regressive social consequences that water shortage brings. Failure to do this, they will have to suffer the consequences. The residents of Cape Town have actually felt the impact of water shortage, and are also aware of the possible future at Day Zero level will be attained (Day & Gray 2016). There are also other strategies that are being set by the government to prevent the Day Zero crisis. This involves the digging of underground water, ensuring there is adequate water supply in the city. Depending on water conservation and reservation is useless, unless a society powered by a mindful government can make use of finding sustainable sources. Digging of underground water is, therefore, an important strategy in ensuring there is a reliable and consistent supply of water to the residents. If at all such waters are reached and distributed among the city, the odds of having the town running out of water would highly reduced. 4 DAY ZERO AND AN OBTAINABLE SOLUTION Additionally, the scope of the crisis can be looked upon through symbolic interactionism. It is simply a play held by the government where they have not held their best act in giving society a backbone of empowerment and support. As courtesy of Erving Goffman, dramaturgy gives insight into certain aspects of Day Zero’s solution. As he would describe it “You also need to act the part: sit near the front, scribble on a writing pad, look at the professor, read the slides” (Ainbinder, 2018, p. 25). For the government to initiate their escape of Day Zero, they must begin to act upon their role of an adverse body to give society a stepping stone in coming towards a common goal, hence taking action on an individual level as a single society. With respect to current conditions, there is still hope of preventing Cape Town from suffering Day Zero’s true crisis o the level of day zero crisis. Water shortage is a manageable situation if certain social agreements are reached, where best practices and obligations are fulfilled for reaching a common solution. The government is also playing an important role in facilitating and supporting society’s conditions to ensure adequate water distribution and conservation. Even so, with the adverse climate conditions, Cape Town possesses the solution of solving the crisis in manner; within their society is a new opportunity for reformation of a metropolitan adverse society. 5 DAY ZERO AND AN OBTAINABLE SOLUTION References Ainbinder, D. (2018). Symbolic interactionism. In D. Ainbinder & S. Unger (Eds.), Dialogues of self and society level 200 (4th ed., pp.21-30). Boca Raton, FL: Lynn University. Chipako, T. L., & Randall, D. G. (2019). Urinals for water savings and nutrient recovery: a feasibility study. Water SA, 45(2), 266-277. Day, C., & Gray, A. (2016). Health and related indicators. South African Health Review, 2016(1), 243-347. Kaiser, G., & Macleod, N. (2018). Cape Town–where we’ve been and where we want to go. Civil Engineering= Siviele Ingenieurswese, 2018(v26i9), 8-12. Smith, J. A. (2018). Public Health, Governance, and the Anthropocene. Hous. J. Health L. & Pol'y, 18, 169. 6
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Explanation & Answer



South Africa’s Policy Paper
Student’s Name
Institutional Affiliation

South Africa’s Policy Paper
Background of the issue
South Africa has a population of about 57.7 million people like the 2011 census, and the
community is of diverse cultures, religions, languages, and origins. The country has a growth
rate of 1.55 percent, total fertility rate of 2.26 children born and has a life expectancy of 64 years
as per the 2018 statistics. During the 2001 census, seventy-nine percent were Christians; thirtysix percent the Protestants, Zionist Christians made up eleven percent, Pentecostal was eight
percent, Roman Catholic was seven percent of the population, Methodist six percent while the
reformed Dutch and the Anglican made up six and three percent respectively.
The largest Christian groups were made upon the African Indigenous Churches while
Muslims were found among the Indian and colored within groups. Sixty-one percent of South
Africa’ GDP is spent on the education sector where the literacy level may be at the 15, and over,
citizens may read and write. The country records A school life expectancy rate of 14 years while
the unemployment rate is fif...

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