Running head: CYBER CRIMES
Cyber crimes are crimes which are directed at computers or other electronic devices.
There have been increased cases of cybercrime for the last decade, and these cases are mostly
associated with increased technological development. Cyber crimes affect individuals, societies
at large and both large and small organizations. The effects can be extreme for the victims and
may also affect the financial status both of people and organizations. Cyber crimes occur as a
violation of privacy, theft of resources, or destruction of resources such as data and other
important information (Montasari, Peltola, & Carpenter, 2016). Most cybercrimes are aimed at
information about people, organizations, or the government, and although they do not occur
physically, the effects are equally significant and severe. The common types of cyber crimes
include phishing, online fraud, identity theft, cyber bullying, Cyberstalking, and hacking.
Online fraud is the unlawful access of information with the aim of using it for personal
expenses or altering, deleting, or suppression of the information to interfere with normal
operations. Computer fraud is mostly aimed at crippling financial practices or gaining data that
would allow the criminal to steal financial resources (Rai, Govindaraj, & Pratheeksha, 2018).
Cyber bullying occurs when a person or individual communicates with another person
through the internet either directly or indirectly with the aim of causing harm psychological,
mental, or even financial harm (Mishna, 2012). The attacker is likely to instill fear of violence or
damage or loss f personal property to the victims. The communication may also be based on