Answer all four
(4) of the following question in one paragraph
1. Is God’s existence self-evident according to
Thomas? How so/how not?
2. What is material causality? How is it
different from formal causality?
3. What are the different kinds of love according
to Socrates? What do they lead to?
4. How is Augustine like Alcibiades? How is he
different from Alcibiades?
II. Text Analysis
“[I did not originally intend to publish my Meditations]. But as soon as I had
acquired some general notions regarding physics, and, beginning to test them in
various particular difficulties, I noticed where they could lead and how much
they differ from the principles that have been in use up to the present; [and
so] I believed I could no longer keep them hidden away without sinning against
the law that obliges us to procure, as much as is in our power, the common good
of all men. For these notions made me see that it is possible to arrive at
knowledge that would be very useful in life and that, in place of that
speculative philosophy taught in the schools, it is possible to find a
practical philosophy by means of which, knowing the force and actions of fire,
water, air, the stars […] we might be able to […] render ourselves, as it were,
masters and possessors of nature. This is desirable not only for the invention
of an infinity of devices that would enable one to enjoy trouble free the
fruits of the earth and all the goods found there, but also principally for the
maintenance of health, which unquestionably is the first good and the
foundation of all the goods in this life.”
1. What is
Descartes saying in this passage? (a) What is the purpose of his method? (b) What
is the highest good of this life according to this citation?
2. Has Descartes’ dream come true? Have we been
able to invent “an infinity of devices that would enable one to enjoy trouble
free the fruits of the earth?” How so/how not?
3. Should we be, as Descartes wishes, “masters
and possessors of nature?”