Diagnose the mental health issue in the following case study.
Select and explain your pharmacological treatment approach including the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of the drug(s) you choose.
Describe how your treatment approach will alter brain chemistry and influence behavior.
The Case Study
Mr. S. is a 22-year-old single, graduate student who comes to you (the psychology professional) complaining of insomnia. He has been experiencing insomnia, restless sleep, and “bad dreams” during the past month. Mr. S describes himself as being in good health and does not take any medications. He reports some alcohol use but denies abuse of illicit drugs. He smokes two packs of cigarettes a day and admits to drinking “a lot of coffee.” During your clinical evaluation you discover that he worries a lot about buses that pass his apartment and seem to him to slow down by his apartment. He worries that people riding those buses are there to watch him. He also admits to hearing voices that mumble unintelligible things to him. He appears to be quite anxious and somewhat agitated as he talks. Mr. S. describes himself as a loner but has connections with his immediate family. He says that he has always felt “empty.”