Liberty University Causes Goals and Tactics of Terrorism Discussion Questions

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Law

Liberty University

Question Description

  • Competency 1: Analyze causal factors of terrorism related to domestic and international terrorism.
  • Competency 2: Describe the importance of relationships and partnerships between local, state, and federal agencies in the detection and prevention of terrorist attacks.
  • Competency 3: Articulate how terrorism impacts policy and operations of law enforcement in America.
  • Competency 4: Establish how the relationship between local law enforcement and communities impacts domestic capability in the fight against terrorism.
  • Competency 5: Communicate effectively in a variety of formats.

Assignment Description

In this course, you have examined the causes, goals, and tactics of terrorism. You have also reviewed the impact that terrorism has had on law enforcement in the U.S. This impact has been felt at the federal, state, and local levels. In response to this threat, there have been changes in tactics, policies, training, and equipment. There have been initiatives to increase cooperation and coordination between levels of law enforcement. There have been specific changes in tactics, training, and policy. Included in this is the use of community-oriented policing (COP), changes to the active shooter response, multi-agency task forces and cooperatives, and funding from the federal government to lower levels for training and equipment. Within each of these areas you investigated not only the benefits each has to offer, but also discussed the ongoing difficulties to cooperation and communication, and the negative impact of some of these programs. This assignment will allow you to demonstrate your proficiency in these concepts, programs, and adaptations.

Write a 4–6 page paper (1–1.5 pages per competency for Competencies 1 through 4), focused on the course competencies. Address two key areas of learning for each competency. Competency 5 will be showcased through your coverage of Competencies 1–4. This paper should showcase your learning proficiency and describe the importance of your learning relative to application in a career context. This assignment should be placed in your ePortfolio for future reference, and to demonstrate your learning connections for future employment purposes.


Requirements

  • Written communication: Must be free of errors that detract from the overall message.
  • Resources and citations: Format according to current APA guidelines.
  • Required page count: 4–6, not including the title page or the references page.
  • Required number of references: One reference per competency.
  • Font and font size: Times New Roman, 12 point.

A few past assignments have been uploaded.

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COMMUNITY-ORIENTED POLICING IN FIGHTING TERRORISM Acey Jones Community-Oriented Policing in Fighting Terrorism CJ3700 Terrorism 1 COMMUNITY-ORIENTED POLICING IN FIGHTING TERRORISM 2 Introduction Community-Oriented Policing is a viewpoint that mainly focuses on felony as well as a social disorder. The essay is going to talk about the importance of cooperations in eliminating terrorism in the community. Since this is a broad discussion, I will mainly summarize two core components concerning community-oriented policing; Correlate them so as to combat the cause of the homegrown radicalization. Additionally, I will weigh up the main issues that the community-oriented policing program does to support the Muslim-only intelligence gathering program. Finally, I will conclude by providing some suggestions that can be seen best in preventing the community-oriented policing program. Summarizing two core components of the community-oriented policing Community policing is described as linking three main components and my two core components are developing community partnerships or corporations and communication while engaging in problem-solving. Community policing is actually based on the idea that citizens need to be authorized to stop crime or the evils that lead to offense. Setting up and upholding joint trust is consequently the central objective of the community policing since it allows a wide law enforcement admission to precious community data leading potentially to the deterrence and also the resolution of the crimes, (Lyons 2002). It is evident that partnership can be described in a number of ways, but in essence, it is a supportive association that is between many companies that main aims is to attain a common goal. Effectual community partnerships are vital to a department of police as well as community’s efforts to talk about terrorism. It can enlarge organizational answerability since it has the aptitude of holding each other, (Lyons 2002). The partnerships that are formed in the support of community crime preclusion efforts can additionally present support for appealing citizens so as to facilitate police recognize possible radical threats and communications vulnerabilities. The Value of the Police-Community COMMUNITY-ORIENTED POLICING IN FIGHTING TERRORISM 3 Partnerships explained five reasons why partnerships are precious. While this teamwork or partnership with the community is significant, partnerships do not unavoidably come by far. Research on generating teams offers some great leadership for police as they try to create and uphold their community partnerships. On the other hand, Terrorism continues to sham a key danger to the peace and security of the globe. Numerous terrorist groups function in the region, which radically strengthens the insecurity in the community. Furthermore, the aptitude to productively address the issues that depend on the ability of national criminal justice systems to manage fair and effectual justice for the perpetrators of terrorist crimes, and to take on successful precautionary measures in accord with the rule of law. On the other hand, communication is so important when it comes to fighting terrorism. It is true that without good communication methods and skill then a terrorist can easily enter the region, (Chappell 2009). The idea of the Strategic Communication, which is recognized to be used by aggressive institutions in trade and economy to construct a standing and to arrive at customers by examining object audiences, has to turn out to be prevalent of late and applicability thereof has been argued in the fields of national/international safekeeping, politics and also countering terrorism. Many of the prospective for teamwork talked about are expected to occur at the personal level, as divergent to the managerial level, as the both patrol officers and detectives make links with management officers through their custom work. Back to analysis, with good communication and as partnerships build up between police as well as the supervision agencies at the organizational height, the patrol officers’ together with the detectives’ contacts in audition and parole departments can assist in building more prescribed interagency dealings hence avoiding terrorism. COMMUNITY-ORIENTED POLICING IN FIGHTING TERRORISM 4 Correlating the two core components of community-oriented policing to combating the cause of homegrown radicalization As previously analyzed, we come across problem-solving in one of the core components of community policing which is communication. Prior to the start of community-oriented policing, the problem-oriented policing was linked with the devolution of liability and with cross communication both in and out of the police department. Cordner (2014) declares that thought and study is primary to problem-oriented policing so as to efficiently react to the cause of the difficulty. Contrary to the other component which is partnerships or corporations, it can be seen that in the community policing model, individual officers are provided with broader liberty to decide concerns in their community. However, when it comes to similarities, it can be said that the two components of the community-oriented policing work jointly in eliminating terrorism. The two distribute the same goals as well as strategies. generating external partnerships, citizen participation, difficulty solving, and also transforming the organization to take on a new task are all key elements of the community policing and need to be part of a complete homeland security strategy, (Cordner 2014). Evaluating the concern Community-oriented policing program has some significance when it comes to a covering the Muslim-only. Authorizing officers at the lower levels with larger decision-making authority and blame for significant decisions can be precious in a disaster. Officers who are familiar in making choice and keeping hold of authority can be better equipped to answer rapidly and determinedly to any occasion. COMMUNITY-ORIENTED POLICING IN FIGHTING TERRORISM 5 Suggestions for preventing the community-oriented policing program 1: Training Training is the first recommendation. Local agencies will need to get bigger beyond the basic aspects of law enforcement training like for instance firearms, as well as driving, unarmed protection and also criminal law into one that highlights a logical preventative approach. Even though the mass of communities will be by no mean impacted by a revolutionary event, the danger of potential terrorist attacks can make fear and weaken the intelligence of the community safe. It will consequently be dangerous that police take a leadership position in upholding community self-assurance, (Vaughn Lee 2010). Generally speaking, these partnerships can attain enhanced public security results in many ways like easing supervisee achievement, superseding to break off terrorism performance, quickly taking action to the supervisees’ stoppage, and finally addressing community-level crime harms. 2: It is good to have communication with the Media In any terrorism policy, it can be said that the media plays a vital role in telling the scenery, range, and also level of threat in dangerous situations, in distributing information, and in reassuring the population. In wrapping up, the prevention of terrorist activities necessitate not just powerful communication amid local and the state charity and the federal government but, perhaps more importantly, with the society. The optimistic collision of these partnerships is recognized at numerous levels. COMMUNITY-ORIENTED POLICING IN FIGHTING TERRORISM 6 References Lyons, W. (2002). Partnerships, information, and public safety: Community policing in a time of terror. Policing: A global Journal of the Police approach & Management, 25(3), 530-542. Chappell, A. T., & Gibson, S. A. (2009). Community policing and homeland security policing: Friend or Foe?. Criminal Justice plan analysis, 20(3), 326-343. Cordner, G. (2014). Community policing. The Oxford handbook of police and policing 148-171. COMMUNITY-ORIENTED POLICING IN FIGHTING TERRORISM Vaughn Lee, J. (2010). Policing after 9/11: Community policing in an age of homeland security. Police Quarterly, 13(4), 347-366. 7 Military Equipment for Local Law Enforcement Acey Jones May 12, 2019 Military Equipment  Security is a key human concern provided by the government.  Local police agencies should be provided with military equipment to enhance their activities of providing security to people.  militarized policing fails to enhance officer safety or reduce local crime Benefits for Police Equipment  Police equipment help reduce cases of terrorism and security threats.  A global rise in crime rates and population calls for sophisticated weapons to cater for the emerging trends protecting officers and reducing crime.  With increased technology, equipping military personnel caters for counteracting with public nuisance and crime. (Johnson et al., 2016) Types of military equipment or arms  The various military equipment include: 1. Weaponized vehicles and aircrafts, 2. High-caliber firearms ,grenade launchers, bayonets. 3. Humvees, helicopters, and M-16 assault (Karp, 2018) and rifles. Positive Results ❖ War equipment protects officers and reduces crime: This compensates increased crime and terror. ❖ Its an effective crime-fighting and prevention strategy through high-tech machineries employed. ❖ Militarized police units enhance officer safety and deter violent crime (Harris, Park & Murray, 2017) Negative Results:  Leads to aggressive deployments to execute search warrants and seizure- even in small children or pregnant women presence.  Increased brutality to solve violence. Police use more violence to solve problems with availed weapons and misuse of taxpayers money.  police militarization is another means by which the state exercises social control over racial minorities Negative images of military equipment or arms  Streets and places are more dangerous when military weapons and officers are mix in the streets. High tensions.  It may quickly lead to distrusts, racial hatred for spies encountered. Police are perceived as occupying force than public servants.  Erode trust in law enforcement agencies. This army of workers makes them unapproachable. Problems for equipping the Police  It may cause fear and escalation of crimes as terrorists may controls such weapons  Some weapons like nuclear weapons if misused my cause health and environmental hazard  With much equipping of police it increases levels of distrust between citizens and law enforcement in highly policed communities  Seeing militarized police in news reports may lower police officer reputation in the mass public. why there are concerns about negative images of military equipment  It is a practice which worsens as due to extremely disruptive nature of event in the lives of citizens i.e. it leads to substantial property damage  The routine of deploying of militarized police tactics by local agencies threatens to increase the historical tensions among marginalized groups and the state.  Equipped police can inflate perceptions of crime and depress support for police funding and presence. (Karp, 2018) References  Harris, M. C., Park, J., Bruce, D. J., & Murray, M. N. (2017). Peacekeeping force: Effects of providing tactical equipment to local law enforcement. American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 9(3), 291-313.  Johnson, T. C., & Hansen, J. A. (2016). Law enforcement agencies’ participation in the military surplus equipment program. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 39(4), 791-806.  Ajilore, O. (2015). The militarization of local law enforcement: is race a factor?. Applied Economics Letters, 22(13), 1089-1093.  Karp, A. (2018). Estimating gloBal law EnforcEmEnt firEarms numBErs. Small Arms Survey–Briefing Papers,(June 2018, Annex). Geneva: Small Arms Survey. ...
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