Research paper minimum 3-4 pages and please include references in APA format 6th ed

HLS 4640 OL1 Homeland Security Theory, Policy and Practice

Question Description

I’m studying for my Law class and don’t understand how to answer this. Can you help me study?

Key Assignment Draft

You are an action officer in one of the operating agencies or directorates of the Department Homeland Security. You have been assigned to work in the budget development process of the agency or directorate. The senior budget officer has recently been assigned to this office and desires an information paper on the current Strategic Plan (StratPlan) of the agency or directorate to begin preparing for the next Strategic Plan and budget cycle. The budget director has reviewed your information paper (Individual Project 3). The budget director now desires an analysis and decision support paper. The specific intent is to determine if agency or directorate priorities are aligned with department priorities, and if not, what are the realignment requirements to correctly align agency or directorate priorities to the department priorities. Using the work completed in the Unit 3 Individual Project and your instructor’s feedback, conduct an analysis in support of the budget director’s objectives.

Conduct an analysis of the current Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Homeland Security Quadrennial Review (HSQR), Bottom Up Review (BUR), the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Fiscal Years (FY) 2014–2018 Strategic Plan (StratPlan), and the DHS FY2015 Budget in Brief (BIB). Prepare a decision support paper. The paper provides a summary of the DHS Strategic Plan and Budget priorities, identifies any agency or directorate priority misalignments, and provides recommendations for agency or directorate program priority alignment within the DHS StratPlan. Justification of all recommendations is required within the report.

Your report is a decision support paper and should be formatted as a formal report. The report should address the following items:

  • Purpose statement
  • Background discussion
  • Analysis methodology discussion
  • Summary and findings of review for each specified document:
    • Homeland Security Quadrennial Review (HSQR)
    • Bottom-Up Review (BUR)
    • the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Fiscal Years (FY) 2014–2018 Strategic Plan (StratPlan), and the DHS FY2015 Budget in Brief (BIB)
  • Summary of key findings
  • Provide any recommendations that you may have
  • Reference all source material and citations using APA 6th edition
  • Use of the CTU Online Graduate Writing template is required

Model Answer

The student should be providing professional-level information and decision support documents. Writing style, writing mechanics, format, and content are key elements for grading and preparing the student for entry into the homeland security profession. Grading feedback to the student that addresses each of these areas is critical for student success and professional preparation and education. The student should use the provided report template.

The students provide a document that includes the following: title page, executive summary (or abstract with keyword index), table of contents, purpose statement, background statement (from scenario), topic paragraphs that address each task requirement to include the student’s analysis, summative paragraph that addresses key findings and any recommendations, references, and abbreviations and acronyms definitions.

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1 File 2: Information on the Required Template By Dr. Bob Uda March 26, 2018 Updated December 29, 2018 All students are required to use the “Template for CTU Essays and Research Papers” in preparing the five Individual Project (IP) papers. For the CJUS650 course, however, you will be doing a group project. Hence, your fifth weekly assignment will be the U5GP instead of the U5IP. This template adheres to the requirements of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (Sixth Edition) abbreviated as the APA Manual (6th ed.). Hence, I prepared this template for you to use so that you will always get the following basic requirements right: • • • • • • • • 1” margins on all four edges of the page 12-point Times New Roman (TNR) font throughout your cover/title page (including the Running head, page numbers, and information block), title of your paper, body text, headings and subheadings, and reference list of reference entries Running head and page numbers “Precisely” double-spacing on every line of text throughout your paper (including your information block, headings/subheadings, within and between paragraphs, and within and between reference entries) Correct bold type where required Correct bold type, capitalization, and punctuation of Level 1, Level 2, and Level 3 headings/subheadings Correct indentation of ½” on the first line of text of every paragraph (Do not use the Tab Key or Space Bar to do these indentations any longer) Correct ½” hanging indentation of every reference entry (Do not use the Enter Key, Tab Key, and/or Space Bar to do the hanging indentations any longer) To use this template, just highlight the words that need your specific wording and then start typing to replace the text shown. Follow the exact capitalization shown as well as any punctuation. Do not modify what I have created in the template. Make sure you have a hard copy printed of the template so you will have it to refer back to as you type your paper. The Abstract is required on all IP assignments—especially the U5IP assignment. If you do an Abstract, I will redline it so you will know how to prepare a correct Abstract. Just follow the instructions to the T in the Abstract paragraph, and you will do fine. Note that the Abstract is the same as the Executive Summary, so use “Abstract” as your subheading, not “Executive Summary.” After you complete your paper, always do a thorough wordsmith of your paper to correct all of the typos, misspelled words, punctuation errors, and grammatical errors. If you are writing an essay, article critique/review, or research paper, write your sentences in the present tense and active voice. Many writers automatically write in the passive voice. Change all of your passive voice words to the active voice. Only if you are writing a plan or something that you schedule to ©2018 Bob Uda, Ph.D. 12/29/2018 7:31 AM Info on the Required Template 2 do in the future should you write in the future tense using the word “will” or “shall.” For all other writing, write your sentences in the present or past tense, whichever is appropriate to what you are addressing. After you do a thorough wordsmith of your paper, run it through Spell Check to catch any errors you either missed during the wordsmithing or created during your wordsmith process. In particular, watch for page number creep to the right in the Header of page 1. Appropriately, correct all errors spotted during the Spell Check process. After that, do a very thorough proofreading of your paper. After you go through wordsmithing, Spell Checking, and proofreading, you should have a near-perfect paper to upload to your instructor. Please stop using any other template some of you have been using. Those templates are full of errors. Use the required Template for this course and avoid injecting those errors into your papers. Notice the short sentences that I use in this announcement. All sentences should be from 10-25 words in length plus or minus five words. In other words, your sentences should stay within the limits between 5 words (min.) and 30 words (max.). Write to express rather than to impress. ### ©2018 Bob Uda, Ph.D. 12/29/2018 7:31 AM Info on the Required Template 1 File 6: APA Requirements for CTU Student Papers, Rev. 31 Abbreviations and Acronyms Define an abbreviation or acronym after you use it for the first time. Thereafter, you may use the abbreviation or acronym. Do not start sentences with an abbreviation or acronym. Either spell it out or place “The” before it as the first word in the sentence. Acronyms are abbreviations that you read as a word, e.g., NASA, SONAR, RADAR, and START. Abstract A well-prepared abstract is the most important single paragraph in an article or paper. The subheading should be un-bold and centered at the top of page 2. Word limits vary from journal to journal and typically range from 150-250 words. Type the abstract itself as a single paragraph without paragraph indentation. Use the present tense to describe conclusions drawn or results with continuing applicability. Use the past tense to describe specific variables manipulated or outcomes measured. Please see APA pp. 25-27. For a five to 10-page paper, your Abstract should not be over ½-page of double-spaced text in length in 12-point Times New Roman font. Anthropomorphism Do not attribute human characteristics to animals or to inanimate sources. Please see APA p. 69, middle of the page. Article Title with No Known Author When there is no author of an article that you reference and you use the article title in place of the author’s position in the reference entry, initial cap the first word and lower case all other words. Please see APA p. 200, item 9, and APA p. 214, item 71. Author’s Titles and Degrees In citations and references, omit all titles (e.g., Dr., Professor) and degrees (e.g., PhD, PsyD, EdD). Block Quotations For any direct quotation of 40 or more words, present it in your text as a block quotation, which you should indent by ½” from the left margin. Do not use double quotation marks to enclose block quotations. However, do use double quotation marks to enclose any quoted material within a block quotation. For block quotations, the end-of-sentence period goes to the left side ©2015 Dr. Bob Uda 12/31/2015 9:04 PM APA Requirements 2 of either the citation or page number in parentheses. Please see APA p. 92, section 4.08, around the middle of the page. Centering Your Information Block To center your three-lines of text of your information block on the horizontal centerline of your cover/title page, insert 10 double-spaced spaces between the top margin and title of your paper. Citations Normal in-text citations. When you make an in-text citation, give proper credit to the author from whom you borrowed ideas or words in his/her publication. Hence, in-text citations should state the author’s last name followed by the publication year in parentheses, e.g., “According to Poland (2011), the ….” For citations either at the end of a sentence or paragraph, put the author’s last name and publication year in parentheses, e.g., …were part of the study (Poland, 2011). Note that the endof-sentence period follows the citation, not precedes it. One work by multiple authors. When a work has three, four, or five authors, cite all authors the first time the reference occurs. In subsequent citations, include only the surname of the first author followed by et al. (not italicized but with a period after al) and the year if it is the first citation of the reference within a paragraph. When a work has six or more authors, cite only the surname of the first author followed by et al. (not italicized but with a period after al) and the year for the first and subsequent citations. Citations for direct quotations. If you make direct quotations, give proper credit using (in parentheses) the author’s last name, followed by the publication year, followed by the page number where the reader can find that direct quotation in the source document. Thus, if the citation follows a direct quotation, include the page number in the citation, e.g., “…were part of the study” (Poland, 2011, p. 45). Another way to present a direct quotation would be to start the sentence off as follows: According to Poland (2011), “The…were part of the study” (p. 45). Block quotations. For any direct quotation of 40 or more words, present it in your text as a block quotation, which you should indent by ½” from the left margin. Do not use double quotation marks to enclose block quotations. However, do use double quotation marks to enclose any quoted material within a block quotation. For block quotations, the end-of-sentence period goes to the left side of either the citation or page number in parentheses. Please see APA p. 92, section 4.08, around the middle of the page. Group authors in citations. If a group author is used, do not show it as an abbreviation or acronym. Instead, spell out the group author name, e.g., (American Psychological Association, 2011, p. 35). Please see APA p. 183. ©2015 Dr. Bob Uda 12/31/2015 9:04 PM APA Requirements 3 Article title vice author. If no author or group author is available, use the article title if it is short (one to three words in length). If the title is long, use the first two or three words of the article title within double quotation signs. Please see APA p. 176 (bottom of page) and APA p. 200 (item 9). Citation instructions in APA Manual. Please refer to APA Chapter 6, pp. 169-179, for everything you need to know about how to prepare proper citations. Citations, Group Author If a group author is used, do not show it as an abbreviation or acronym. Instead, spell out the group author name, e.g., (American Psychological Association, 2011, p. 35). Please see APA p. 183. Citations for Paraphrased Phrase, Sentence, or Paragraph Give credit for paraphrased material. If you paraphrase a phrase, sentence, or paragraph from another author, you rewrite in your own words the words you take from a source document; however, you must still give credit (using a citation) to that author for borrowing his/her ideas. If you do not give proper credit, you can be guilty of plagiarizing that author’s work or ideas. Go to the APA Manual, Chapter 6, and learn all you need to know about Crediting Sources. Minimum requirements for references and citations. For each assignment, you should use a minimum of two references and two citations. Citations work hand-in-hand with reference entries in your References list. As a bare minimum, you must have as many citations as you have references. However, you may use more than one citation for each reference entry. One of the two reference entries should be your assigned textbook. The other reference entry should be a peer-reviewed, scholarly journal article or book. An exception is for your P5IP2 Key Assignment, which you should strive to have a minimum of five reference entries and a minimum of five associated in-text citations. Citations, No Date If no date is available, write “n.d.” in parenthesis (without the double quotation marks, of course). Please see APA p. 185, section 6.28, fifth bullet down. Citations, No Identified Author Use double quotation marks around the title of an article, a chapter, or a web page, e.g., …on free care (“Study Finds,” 2007). Please see APA p. 176, section 6.15. For in-text citations, use a short title (or the full title if it is short) enclosed in quotation marks for the parenthetical citation, e.g., (“Six Sites Meeting,” 2006). Please see APA p. 200, item 9. ©2015 Dr. Bob Uda 12/31/2015 9:04 PM APA Requirements 4 Colloquial Expressions and Jargon Avoid colloquial expressions and jargon. Watch for colloquial expressions (e.g., write-up for report), jargon (e.g., monetarily felt scarcity for poverty), and other such informal writing. Please see APA p. 68. Colon Use a colon between a grammatically complete introductory clause (one that could stand as a sentence) and a final phrase or clause that illustrates, extends, or amplifies the preceding thought. If the clause following the colon is a complete sentence, it begins with a capital letter. Please see APA p. 90, section 4.05 (Colon). Commas, Periods, and Double Quotation Marks Place periods and commas within closing single- or double-quotation marks. Place other punctuation marks inside quotation marks only when they are part of the quoted material. Please see APA p. 92, bottom of the page. Commas in exact dates Use a comma to set off the year in exact dates as in “April 18, 1992, was the correct date.” Please see APA p. 89, second bullet down. Commas in numbers Use a comma to separate groups of three digits in most numbers of 1,000 or more. Please see APA pp. 89 and 114. Commas in series of items Use a comma between elements (including before and and or) in a series of three or more items. Please see APA p. 88, section 4.03, first bullet. Completed Staff Work Please always do “completed staff work.” When you incorporate all of the redlined comments from this paper into your next assignment, you should have “completed staff work.” For completed staff work, you must include a properly prepared cover/title page, introductory paragraph, Conclusion paragraph, and a list of References page. Your cover/title page should have a properly prepared Running head and page numbers in the Header of your page. You should center your properly prepared three lines of text in the information block on the vertical and horizontal centerlines of the cover/title page. Your margins must be 1” on all four edges of the page. You should use 12-point Times New Roman (TNR) font throughout your paper with the exception of tables and figures, which should use a san serif font (Arial, Helvetica, Calibri, etc.). All lines of text must be “precisely” double-spaced, and indent the first line of text in ©2015 Dr. Bob Uda 12/31/2015 9:04 PM APA Requirements 5 every paragraph by ½”. You should insert two space-bar spaces between all sentences. All paragraphs should have three to six sentences. You should include a bold heading (Level 1 title of your paper) at the top-center of your first body text page, Level 2 bold subheadings, and Level 3 bold subheadings for long sections with multiple sub-paragraphs. If you would use the required Template, all of these requirements are designed into all elements of the required Template. Generally, write in the active voice and present tense. Perform a thorough wordsmithing of your paper, run your paper through Spell Check, and perform a thorough proofreading before uploading your assignment to your instructor. Do not forget to do these things for all of your assignments. Contractions Do not use contractions in formal writing. Always write out contractions, e.g., replace “it’s” with “it is,” “don’t” with “do not,” and “can’t” with “cannot.” However, you may use contractions in emails, notes, and other such informal documents. Cover/Title Page Please ALWAYS provide a cover/title page for all of your IP assignments. Include all of the three required pieces of information in the center of your cover/title page as shown on APA Manual, Figure 2.1, p. 41. Remember, even the lines of text on your cover/title page should be double-spaced. Everything in your assignments should be in Times New Roman (TNR) 12-point font. That includes all of the lines of text on your cover/title page information block as well as your Running Head and page numbers. Information Block Please include the following three pieces of information in your cover page information block that you should double-space between lines and centered on your cover page on both vertical and horizontal centerlines: 1. Include your own created article title in the top position of the information block, e.g., Types of Disasters 2. Your name, i.e., John Doe 3. University name, i.e., Colorado Technical University Online Example for Discussion Board (DB) Assignment (place at top of DB initial posting only) Types of Disasters John Doe Colorado Technical University Online ©2015 Dr. Bob Uda 12/31/2015 9:04 PM APA Requirements 6 Example for Individual Project (IP) Assignment (place at center of IP cover page) Types of Disasters John Doe Colorado Technical University Online Cyberspace Loss To preclude from losing your paper to cyberspace, always do the following: 1. When you first start writing your paper, assign a proper file name and save it to a proper location in your hard drive. Then, as you go along save successive versions of the paper. 2. When you complete a large majority of your paper, run a hard copy of what you have up to that point. If you lose the paper to cyberspace some time thereafter, you will at least have a large portion of your paper available in a hard copy. It is easier to recreate your paper from a hard copy at that point than by starting from scratch. As you go along, save successive versions of your paper and run a hard copy with each successive version you make. Losing a paper to cyberspace should be a one-time mistake, which you should never again repeat. If you follow the two-step process above, you will not have to worry about losing your paper again in the future. When preparing my doctoral dissertation, I had saved about a hundred versions of it as I went along. Additionally, I always carried the latest version of my dissertation stored in a thumb drive that I kept in my pocket wherever I went. Thus, I never worried if my house burned down, burglars ransacked our home and took off with my computer, or something else like that happened because I always had in my pocket the latest version of my hard work. Do likewise. Direct Quotations Let me say a few words about direct quotations. Direct quotations should be profound statements. Most of the direct quotations that students use are not profound. Therefore, the student should paraphrase (or rewrite it in his/her own words). Then, it would not be a direct quotation, and you would not need to put the page number in the citation. Some students use too many direct quotations. It is better that they paraphrase most of the materials that they borrow from other authors. Use direct quotations mainly for significant statements that you quote from other authors. Direct Quotation vs. Emphasis/Highlight At times, some students will place double-quotation marks around either a word or short phrase. If that action is a direct quotation as the double-quotation marks suggest, then, an in-text citation should immediately follow the closing double-quotation mark. However, if the student really ©2015 Dr. Bob Uda 12/31/2015 9:04 PM APA Requirements 7 meant only to emphasize or highlight that word or phrase, then, the student should remove the double-quotation marks. Instead, the student should italicize that word or phrase. Double-spacing between lines of text Please double-space all assignments as required by the APA Manual. Please see APA p. 229. Use double-spacing between lines of text in your information block on your cover page, between all lines of text within all paragraphs, between all paragraphs, above and below all subheadings, and between all lines of text within all references and between all reference entries. Never use single-spacing, 1.15 spacing, or 1-1/2-spacing except in tables or figures. Now, please go through your entire paper and place “exactly” double-spaces between all lines of text. Do this for every assignment you do. Double-spacing between all lines of text. To set everything to “exactly” double-space, do the following: 1. Set everything back to the left margin; then, highlight the text in question. 2. Go to the “Home” tab on your toolbar at the top of your screen and click on it. 3. In the area titled “Paragraph,” ...
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Final Answer

Hi buddy, here is the answer for me in case of anything..😎 Feel free to ask any questions😀


Department of Homeland Security Decision Support Paper






Department of Homeland Security Decision Support Paper

Purpose Statement

This is a decision support paper that will analyze different documentation in the
Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and provide recommendations based on identified

Background Discussion

The Quadrennial Homeland Security Review (QHSR) was the first published strategic
plan review in the history of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). It aimed to build a
unity of purpose towards preventing terrorism and hazardous activities that threaten peace and
are a hindrance to the growth of the American economy. The QHSR comprises of DHS vision,
mission and specific goals for all of the following mission areas: prevention of terrorism and
enhancement of security, securing and management of borders, enforcement, and administration
of immigration laws, safeguarding and securing cyberspace, and ensuring resilience to disasters
(QHSR, 2014).

The bottom-up approach review (BUR) was meant to address the lack of unity among the
former organizations and entities that were operating individually before merging. The approach
mainly sought to help in aligning the organizational mission in response to QHSR. The main
objective of the review is improving DHS performance in the five mission areas; which are
enhancing the accountability of the allocated resources, departmental operations, and
management (BUR, 2015).



The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Fiscal Years (FY) 2014–2018 Strategic
Plan's (S...

Daphne234 (11594)
UT Austin

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