Lynn University Mexico's Trends and Global Challenge

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Recommended Length: 6-8 pages, double-spaced in 12pt font. APA Format.

This paper will incorporate findings on your country’s background in which you include key demographics and trends on education, family, religion, deviance and social control norms (statistics related to justice), as well as development (human development, poverty and inequality). Then, you will provide your country’s perspective on the global challenge you selected that is based on the following theme: Overcoming the Global Food, Fuel and Water Crisis. The policy paper should involve the background of the issue, an analysis, and specific recommendations for action. In addition to providing your country’s recommendations for actions, you should highlight at least one way in which your country’s government, a governmental or non-governmental organization, or group of citizens has taken steps to overcome the issue. Incorporate the structural functionalist theory into your paper

ources for this analysis (10 total) should include the UN readings and website (UNDP and MDG sites), current articles gathered from newspaper and at least three (3) scholarly journal sources. In your research, pay particular attention to ways the country (government, organization or citizen group) has overcome the issue. Please refer to APA style for proper citation, footnotes and bibliography format

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Explanation & Answer

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Mexico’s Leader: Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador




Mexico’s Leader: Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador
The last two decades has been meaningful periods for the economy of Mexico. The
structural changes, social implications, and policies regarding Mexico has drastically moved in a
direction to decrease poverty across the country. Such changes have also resulted in an economic
stability although the inequality measures remain prevalent throughout Mexico, they are still
considered to be high among international standards. The inequality across Mexico has coexisted with rapid progress concerning educational standards and availability attainments for
both coverage and distribution (Adams et al., 2008). Such phenomenon’s have developed power
equalizing properties in which have been attributed to being successful given the president of the
newly found elections in the year of 2018. In 2018, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador became
president to preside over the country (Tuckman, 2018). He has significantly directed changes
regarding the war on drugs, inequality, education access, and political stand points. The poverty
trends in Mexico have been long identified with social and economic challenges. However, there
are also other factors in which affects the morals and ethics of the country to withstand poverty
levels. Over the last decade, incomes grew from only 1.7% to 4.5% on a 10% scale (Lewis,
Among the rural populations that are evident throughout Mexico, incidences of childhood
and adulthood illness have been regarded to the poor reproductive outcomes of the healthcare
system. Infant mortality is high along with the results of most rural areas being unhygienic living
conditions, poor nutrition, and social deprivation. However, there have been programs
incorporated called ‘The Programa de Educacion, Salud y Allmlentacion. These programs are
offer opportunities for low income families living in poverty conditions (Gerschenkron, 2016).
These programs have been designed specifically to provide incentives to the families in need, to



help give improvements of preventive care in the healthcare industry, counseling, and
supplementary foods, as well as increasing the school enrollment of children. the program was
designed to affect the household-level decisions in providing incentives for their behaviors in
which would results in an improved social outcome for the society (Gerschenkron, 2016).
Those without financial resources are generally uneducated, unhealthy, and
malnourished. Concerning the anti-poverty programs adopted by Mexico, the policymakers have
chosen comprehensive and successful approaches towards the addressing of economic and social
constructs (Gerschenkron, 2016). The changes in policies for social justice and inequality has
been roughly coincided with political movements. During the 1970s, Portillo administrative had
invested heavily towards provisional aspects of social services and bureaucracies. There were
about 2,000 rural health clinics incorporated across many states of Mexico. In the year of 1993,
when Gortari administration was enacted, they funded many social spending increases which
were channeled through the transitional methods of cost-effective programs and included
community involvement (Gerschenkron, 2016).
The landslide victory of leftist candidate Andrés Manuel López Obrador in Mexico’s
presidential election in 2018 was the biggest political shake up the country has seen in decades;
and it has the potential to change the way politics is done for decades more (Tuckman, 2018).
The 64-year-old baseball enthusiast won 53 percent of the vote, riding a wave of exhaustion and
disgust with the country’s current leaders, who have led the country into a deep security crisis
amid a cascade of corruption scandals. More than 25,000 individuals were killed in Mexico in
2017, as indicated by power figures the most astounding number whenever recorded and the
numbers for the basic five months of 2018 are up 15 percent on a similar period a year back
(Tuckman, 2018). An ordinary 130 political contenders and other open masters were butchered



simply during the 2018 decision alone. In this condition, López Obrador, who had kept running
for president twice before ineptly; was at last arranged to benefit by discontent with the standard
and extension wide embracing of his affirmation to lead Mexico's most huge change since its
1910 transformation (Tuckman, 2018).
There has been noticeable modernization regarding the characteristics of the rural labor
force. This was followed by the increase of women participating while a decrease in the
importance of family labor and non-paid workers. However, significant improvements were
made in the educational levels given the advancements of labor routines and wage
(Gerschenkron, 2016). Some of the most relevant changes have taken place in the informal
salaried employment opportunities. The trends behind this concerns the dramatic decline with the
importance of agriculture. There have also been remarkable changes in the composition of rural
incomes because of the relevance of self-employment and entrepreneurial incomes. The growth
of agricultural means can provide potential strengthening to the reduction of Mexico’s poverty
levels (Gerschenkron, 2016). The risk management strategies incorporated into the rural areas
are based on many factors. Those factors include diversification, migration, and subsistence
farming practices.
The functionalist perspective is defined as the viewpoint that society is a system of

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