Need philosophy help with the intro to philosophy

Jan 5th, 2016
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Question description

1. According to Einstein, _________ will be perceived the same whether the observer is
moving or not.
A. Space-time continuum
B. String theory
C. The speed of light
D. Theory of Relativity
2. Einstein’s theory about the ______implies that reality has four dimensions, not three.
A. Space-time continuum
B. String theory
C. The speed of light
D. Theory of Relativity
3. _______________is based on the claim that the ultimate building blocks of reality
aren’t subatomic particles, but even smaller vibrating one-dimensional strings of
A. Space-time continuum
B. String theory
C. The speed of light
D. Theory of Relativity
4. The world of subatomic particles spawned a separate branch of physics called quantum
A. True
B. False
5. Imagine two twins. One gets onto a space ship and travels close to the speed of
light for what the ship’s clocks record as a few months. The other twin remains on
earth. When the space ship returns, there will be no difference in their ages.
A. True
B. False
6. Imagine that you are standing still, while a friend of yours is on a train heading north.
You see two lightning bolts strike the ground at the same instant – one to the north
and the other to the south. Einstein would say that your friend on the train experiences
things differently, seeing the northern bolt strike before the southern bolt.
A. True
B. False
Unit 4 Examination
Introduction to Philosophy
7. Unlike Newton, Einstein believes that space is constant and absolute and cannot
A. True
B. False
8. One of the philosophical implications of Newton’s view of the universe is that human
actions are totally free.
A. True
B. False
9. In ______________ “conventional” morality, including stages three and four, we understand
right and wrong in terms of laws and the expectations of others.
A. Kohlberg’s
B. Belenky’s
C. Gilligan’s
D. Perry
10. If we are at Perry’s second stage, “ unacceptable multiplicity,” and we hear two opposite
accounts of the causes of the Reformation, we would probably think that one,
but only one, of the two accounts is true.
A. True
B. False
11. In Belenky’s fi rst stage, “____________,” knowledge is what some external authority
says it is.
A. Constructed knowledge
B. Received knowledge
C. Subjective knowledge
D. Procedural knowledge
12. In Belenky’s fi nal stage, “_______________,” believing is more important than doubting.
A. Constructed knowledge
B. Received knowledge
C. Subjective knowledge
D. Procedural knowledge
Unit 4 Examination
Introduction to Philosophy
13. If we combine the two perspectives represented by Kohlberg and Gilligan, the problem
of the moral justifi cation of an action becomes more diffi cult and involved.
A. True
B. False
14. Sex refers to societal roles, whereas gender refers to biology.
A. True
B. False
15. In Perry’s fi nal stage, “relativism,” we generally believe that truth is a function of
cultural norms.
A. True
B. False
16. According to Gilligan, in the view of most women, “the moral person is one who can
understand and act in accordance with philosophical principles such as Kant’s ‘categorical
A. True
B. False
17. “Human” and “person” are different, but related, ideas. “Human” is a biological
concept, while “person” is a _____________ concept.
A. Theological
B. Philosophical
C. Scientifi c
D. Emotional
18. Humans’ curiosity about dolphins can be traced back at least to ancient__________.
A. Rome
B. China
C. Greece
D. None of the above
Unit 4 Examination
Introduction to Philosophy
19. The one dolphin sense that acts as both their eyes and ears in the water is like the
modern human sonar system onboard submarines.
A. True
B. False
20. Dolphins have a body temperature of _________ degrees.
A. 98.6
B. 96.8
C. 90.2
D. 92.2
21. As far as the criteria for “personhood” are concerned, dolphins probably do possess
“awareness” because the fact that they can be so easily trained shows that they are
aware of the external world and able to interact with it.
A. True
B. False
22. The fact that dolphins can perform leaps, dives and fl ips on cue from trainers: prove
that dolphins are not intelligent enough to be persons, because persons would not
perform such menial behaviors.
A. True
B. False
23. In terms of the criteria for personhood developed in this chapter, dolphins, on balance,
did pretty well.
A. True
B. False
24. Dolphins live very solitary lives.
A. True
B. False
25. One reason for choosing dolphins for such an inquiry is that it lets us keep the concept
“person” from being too heavily colored by the notion “human.” This is possible
because there are substantial differences between humans and dolphins.
A. True
B. False

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