Comparisons of deaths in
U.S. military personnel
(Army, Navy, Coast
Guard, Marine Corps, and
Air Force) resulting from
actions by hostile forces
in Vietnam, 1961 through
1972, and deaths from
U.S. fires for the same
period (Statistics from
the Department of
Defense and the
National Fire Protection
1963— Fretz Building, Philadelphia Pennsylvania .
1963— Fairgrounds Coliseum Indianapolis Indiana
1963— Surfside Hotel in Atlantic City New Jersey.
1963— Golden Age Nursing Home Fire, Fitchville
1963— Hotel Roosevelt Jacksonville Florida
1967— Dale's Penthouse restaurant Montgomery
1967— Jay Road Florida State Prison Jay, Florida
1970— Pioneer Hotel fire in Tucson, Arizona
1972—Hotel Vendome Boston Massachusetts
Authorization -Title II of the Fire Research
and Safety Act of 1968
Funding – Towards the end of 1970 Congress
funded the Commission
Members - Nixon appointed 20 members
Chairman, Richard E. Bland Professor Pen
Fires in One and Two Family Homes accounted
for Majority Fire deaths.
Also, Mobile Homes are highly flammable with
few escape routes aka death traps
Commercial buildings where covered by
regulations and deemed “Fire Proof” where still
1971 NCFPC sent out Surveys to Americas
A little over 1/3 of the chosen Fire Dept.
Fire Dept. that responded asking for better
Surveyed 2,109 Americans of all ages.
20 Questions Total
1/3 of Teenagers Know to Crawl-Low to
avoid smoke during fires
No Children under 7 know Stop-Drop &
1. If your house began to fill up with thick, black
smoke, what would you do? (answer fully)
2. What would you do if you woke up at night,
smelled, smoke, and found that your bedroom door
was shut, but hot when you touched it?
3. Will the clothing you have on now burn?
4. What would you do right now if your clothing
caught on fire?
5. If you were trapped in a bedroom on the fifth floor
with flames outside in the hall and smoke pouring in
under the door (with no telephone and no fire escape),
what would you do?
6. (a) When you go to a strange place (movie house,
friend’s house for the night, hotel, restaurant, etc.), do
you check to see where the exits or fire escapes are?
(b) If the answer to 6(a) was “Yes,” do YOU depend
on being able to see the exit to find it, or do you
figure out how to find it in the dark or in thick
7. Do you have a family escape plan, including ways
of getting out of your house if the stairs or doors are
blocked by fire, and a meeting place outside the
8. What should you do (or should your wife or mother
do) if the frying pan catches on fire?
9. Carbon monoxide is produced by almost all fires.
What effect does it have on you before it makes you
sleepy and kills you?
10. Assume you plan to hang by your hands from a
window ledge and then drop to the earth below.
Estimate in feet the distance you could drop and still
have a 50:50 chance of surviving without serious
11. (a) What is the reason for having fuses in an
(b) What strength fuse should be used in an ordinary
12. What number should you dial to report a fire by
telephone, and how should you report it?
13. When is an electric cord dangerous? (give at least
14. When is a double plug dangerous? 15. What
should you do if you discover a large fire in your
basement? 16. If you are trying to light a gas oven
or burner and the first match goes out too soon, what
should you do?
17. What is meant by “spontaneous combustion” or
“spontaneous ignition”? 18. How should you store
oily or greasy rags? 19. Why should gasoline be
stored only in metal cans with self-closing caps? 20.
Should you put out an electric fire with water?
#1 15-17 February in Washington DC
#2 24-25 April in Dallas Texas
#3 July in both Los Angeles and San
#4 3-5 October in Chicago Illinois
8-10 January 1973 NCFPC final deliberation
March 1973 The NCFPC Public Statement
04 May 1973 NCFPC presented to Pres.
June 1973 NCFPC planned Final Hearing
America’s Fire Problem is a “local problem” /
Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act
First, consensus America’s fire problem.
Second, reviewing and evaluating the
Third, recommend guidelines to farther
reduce the life and property loss from
Purchase answer to see full