When confronted with an ethical dilemma, we become aware of
our personal values and what we base them on. As critical thinkers, we
need to use informed reasoning and critically reflect on our moral code
to accurately understand any dilemma in which we find ourselves, and
make a well-informed decision.
Review Thinking Activity 9.2, “What Are My Moral Values?” on
pages 391-392. Then, respond to three of the twelve questions on page
392. Your response should be 1-2 pages long.
Be sure to submit your final draft to the Dropbox by Sunday, 11:59PM (Mountain).
This is the questions and pages that are required....
Thinking Activity 9.2
WHAT ARE MY MORAL VALUES?
You have many values—the guiding
principles that you consider to be most important—that you have acquired over
the course of your life. Your values deal with every aspect of your experience.
The following questions are designed to elicit some of your values. Think
carefully about each of the questions, and record your
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What Is Ethics? 373
9 Thinking Critically About Moral
responses along with the reasons you
have adopted that value. In addition, describe several of your moral values
that are not addressed in these questions. A sample student response is
we have a moral responsibility toward less fortunate people?
it wrong to divulge a secret that someone has confided in you?
we eat meat? Should we wear animal skins?
we try to keep people alive at all costs, no matter what their physical or
it wrong to kill someone in self-defense?
people be given equal opportunities, regardless of race, religion, or gender?
it wrong to ridicule someone, even if you believe it’s in good fun?
you “bend the rules” to advance your career?
it all right to manipulate people into doing what you want if you believe it’s
for their own good?
Is there anything wrong with
we always try to take other people’s needs into consideration when we act, or
should we first make sure that our own needs are taken care of?
we experiment with animals to improve the quality of our lives?
I do believe that we have a moral
obligation to those less fortunate than us. Why can a homeless person evoke
feelings of compassion in one person and complete disgust in another? Over
time, observation, experience, and intuition have formed the cornerstones of my
beliefs, morally and intellectually. As a result, compassion and respect for
others are moral values that have come to characterize my responses in my
dealings with others. As a volunteer in an international relief program in
Dehra Dun, India, I was assigned to various hospitals and clinics through
different regions of the country. In Delhi, I and the other volunteers were
overwhelmed by the immense poverty—thousands of people, poor and deformed,
lined the streets—homeless, hungry, and desperate. We learned that over 300
million people in India live in poverty. Compassion, as Buddhists describe it,
is the spontaneous reaction of an open heart. Compassion for all sentient
beings, acknowledging the suffering and difficulties in the world around us,
connects us not only with others but with ourselves.
After you have completed this
activity, examine your responses as a whole. Do they express a general,
coherent, well-supported value system, or do they seem more like an unrelated
collection of beliefs of varying degrees of clarity? This activity is a
valuable investment of your time because you are creating a record of beliefs
that you can return to and refine as you deepen your understanding of moral
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Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due
Thinking Critically. Cengage Learning, 2012. VitalBook file.
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Please check each citation for accuracy before use.
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