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Running head: REHABILITATION 1 Rehabilitation Institutional affiliation Date REHABILITATION 2 REHABILITATION Rehabilitation is the act of restoring someone’s health or to normal life by training and making casualties go through therapy after imprisonment, addiction, or illness. In the essay, I will focus on incarcerations where ill point out on what rehabilitation in prisons, definition of parole and how it differs from mandatory release, definition of probation, community corrections, critiques on current correction, solution to current parole, solution to current probation systems, solutions to current community corrections, and finally focus on recidivism. Rehabilitation in prisons is the reintegration into society of a convicted person. The main act of the process is to counter habitual offending in other terms known as criminal recidivism. Its origin was in Britain, where the British government passed the penitentiary act, which allowed for the rehabilitation of criminals in all prisons becoming its origin. Rehabilitation in prisons varied according to the nature of the offender and the type of offence committed in the prisons back then and is still practiced to date. The techniques also range from educational and vocational training to help the person who committed the crime to use the skills outside prison making him deal with various problems he might face after getting out of jail. (Gideon. 2011). Parole is the temporary and at times permanent release of a prisoner before the expiry of a sentence, on after the victim promises good behavior. Mandatory release, however, is the act of releasing a victim, after they have completed the sentence. The act of compulsory release requires no conditions, for the victim is said to have served their term, hence requires no supervision, time monitor, or house arrest. The difference between the two is very evident in their definitions where, one does not complete the term required in prison, and is under total supervision including house arrest, to make sure that ethical conduct is maintained. The latter REHABILITATION 3 deserves no monitoring as the victim serves the term given in prison, termed as a mandatory release (Petersilia.2009). Probation is the act of releasing an offender from detention, after a period of supervision for good behavior. It compares to other forms of punishments to those in prison by having the offenders refrain from possession of firearms. The other thing that makes it compare is the fact that those in probation are allowed to work and in other cases participate in the educational program. Another comprising thing is that they are put under a curfew, where a selected place is set up for them. The final thing that makes it compare is the fact that offenders are only expected to follow the rules of the probation officer, and at times they are not allowed to leave the jurisdiction (Ismaili.2014). Community corrections are sanctions imposed on convicted adults or on juveniles which mainly occurs in a residential or community setting outside prisons. The same has a couple of options like cognitive anger management for both male and female, juvenile aftercare, and noncustodial employment for ex-offenders. Anger management aims at preventing dysfunctional anger with the overall goal of reducing recidivism. The importance of juvenile programs is to reduce the rate of recidivism detained juvenile offenders. Finally, on employment, it only entails job training and career development for offenders with a recent criminal record to increase employment. The main critique on rehabilitation is the fact that nothing works on corrections. The other thing is that it does not reduce offender recidivism. Rehabilitation has also been known to cause more punitive actions, leading to recidivism making offenders get deterred rather than changing them. The effects on recidivism by rehabilitation is that recidivism has been reduced, and when conducted according to effective treatment, it then cuts up on reoffending REHABILITATION 4 immediately. The result is mainly one, which supports that recidivism can be reduced by rehabilitation, making it a good thing to follow. The best solution to the current parole is paying much attention to turning the situation around, a thing that requires paying attention to one simple idea. When it comes to changing behavior, then swiftness and certainty of the punishment should matter more than the severity. Another solution is that parolees should carefully be monitored for compliance with parole conditions, and any detected violation should be dealt with immediate consequences. Under probation, the only best solution is creating probation programs which will aid in delivering immediate outcomes, which often are, jail time for each infraction. The schedule is not only tough on criminals but also keep people out of prison. There are a couple of better community corrections than the usual community options being, community corrections programs before convictions, community correction programs at the sentencing decision, and community corrections at reentry. Community corrections before conviction is when a criminal is taken before the law, allowing for the prosecutor to make the judgment on whether to charge the victim and not to charge the victim if there is no evidence. If no evidence is provided, then the victim will automatically be released. Under community correction at sentencing, probation is mainly used as the community supervision of the offender under court-imposed conditions for a specific time. Under community reentry, the programs set up primarily help those who have been in prison get back with the community again (Alarid.2014). Recidivism is said to be impacted by the evidence-based factors. The first evidence-based factor is the risk assessment. This has an effect on recidivism because, those at high and medium risks for recidivism need to go for criminal needs assessments, this needs in an offender’s life are REHABILITATION 5 those which are related to them breaking the law which are not related to standard casual factors. The second evidence is targeting the appropriate intervention. This affects recidivism in that punishing offenders in ways they do not require causes them more harm than good. The third evidence is the need to rewire the brain. This has an effect in recidivism in that skills are not only taught to the offenders but are role played. Inspite of it taking time as it is repetitive, it is very important as it helps the offender in maintaining pro-social behaviors. In conclusion, all the rules and regulations should be followed by everybody to avoid facing the wrath of the breaking the rules. Parole, community correction, and mandatory release are all key features in making sure that all is being carried out appropriately when it comes to dealing with the offenders. REHABILITATION 6 References Gideon. L. (2011). Prison rehabilitation. Retrieved from. https://books.google.co.id/books?isbn=1412970180 Petersillia. J. (2009). Parole and prisoner reentry. Retrieved from. https://books.google.co.id/books?isbn=0199888949 Ismaili. K. (2014). USA criminal justice policy in mandatory release. Retrieved from. https://books.google.co.id/books?isbn=1449659519 Alarid. L. (2014). Community based corrections. Retrieved from. https://books.google.co.id/books?isbn=1285458397
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by Dan Pol

Submission date: 26-Jun-2019 06:50AM (UT C-0700)
Submission ID: 1147215947
File name: Rehabilitation_2.docx (21.05K)...

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