Running head: REHABILITATION
Rehabilitation is the act of restoring someone’s health or to normal life by training and
making casualties go through therapy after imprisonment, addiction, or illness. In the essay, I
will focus on incarcerations where ill point out on what rehabilitation in prisons, definition of
parole and how it differs from mandatory release, definition of probation, community
corrections, critiques on current correction, solution to current parole, solution to current
probation systems, solutions to current community corrections, and finally focus on recidivism.
Rehabilitation in prisons is the reintegration into society of a convicted person. The main
act of the process is to counter habitual offending in other terms known as criminal recidivism.
Its origin was in Britain, where the British government passed the penitentiary act, which
allowed for the rehabilitation of criminals in all prisons becoming its origin. Rehabilitation in
prisons varied according to the nature of the offender and the type of offence committed in the
prisons back then and is still practiced to date. The techniques also range from educational and
vocational training to help the person who committed the crime to use the skills outside prison
making him deal with various problems he might face after getting out of jail. (Gideon. 2011).
Parole is the temporary and at times permanent release of a prisoner before the expiry of
a sentence, on after the victim promises good behavior. Mandatory release, however, is the act of
releasing a victim, after they have completed the sentence. The act of compulsory release
requires no conditions, for the victim is said to have served their term, hence requires no
supervision, time monitor, or house arrest. The difference between the two is very evident in
their definitions where, one does not complete the term required in prison, and is under total
supervision including house arrest, to make sure that ethical conduct is maintained. The latter
deserves no monitoring as the victim serves the term given in prison, termed as a mandatory
Probation is the act of releasing an offender from detention, after a period of supervision
for good behavior. It compares to other forms of punishments to those in prison by having the
offenders refrain from possession of firearms. The other thing that makes it compare is the fact
that those in probation are allowed to work and in other cases participate in the educational
program. Another comprising thing is that they are put under a curfew, where a selected place is
set up for them. The final thing that makes it compare is the fact that offenders are only expected
to follow the rules of the probation officer, and at times they are not allowed to leave the
Community corrections are sanctions imposed on convicted adults or on juveniles which
mainly occurs in a residential or community setting outside prisons. The same has a couple of
options like cognitive anger management for both male and female, juvenile aftercare, and
noncustodial employment for ex-offenders. Anger management aims at preventing dysfunctional
anger with the overall goal of reducing recidivism. The importance of juvenile programs is to
reduce the rate of recidivism detained juvenile offenders. Finally, on employment, it only entails
job training and career development for offenders with a recent criminal record to increase
The main critique on rehabilitation is the fact that nothing works on corrections. The
other thing is that it does not reduce offender recidivism. Rehabilitation has also been known to
cause more punitive actions, leading to recidivism making offenders get deterred rather than
changing them. The effects on recidivism by rehabilitation is that recidivism has been reduced,
and when conducted according to effective treatment, it then cuts up on reoffending
immediately. The result is mainly one, which supports that recidivism can be reduced by
rehabilitation, making it a good thing to follow.
The best solution to the current parole is paying much attention to turning the situation
around, a thing that requires paying attention to one simple idea. When it comes to changing
behavior, then swiftness and certainty of the punishment should matter more than the severity.
Another solution is that parolees should carefully be monitored for compliance with parole
conditions, and any detected violation should be dealt with immediate consequences. Under
probation, the only best solution is creating probation programs which will aid in delivering
immediate outcomes, which often are, jail time for each infraction. The schedule is not only
tough on criminals but also keep people out of prison.
There are a couple of better community corrections than the usual community options
being, community corrections programs before convictions, community correction programs at
the sentencing decision, and community corrections at reentry. Community corrections before
conviction is when a criminal is taken before the law, allowing for the prosecutor to make the
judgment on whether to charge the victim and not to charge the victim if there is no evidence. If
no evidence is provided, then the victim will automatically be released. Under community
correction at sentencing, probation is mainly used as the community supervision of the offender
under court-imposed conditions for a specific time. Under community reentry, the programs set
up primarily help those who have been in prison get back with the community again
Recidivism is said to be impacted by the evidence-based factors. The first evidence-based
factor is the risk assessment. This has an effect on recidivism because, those at high and medium
risks for recidivism need to go for criminal needs assessments, this needs in an offender’s life are
those which are related to them breaking the law which are not related to standard casual factors.
The second evidence is targeting the appropriate intervention. This affects recidivism in that
punishing offenders in ways they do not require causes them more harm than good. The third
evidence is the need to rewire the brain. This has an effect in recidivism in that skills are not only
taught to the offenders but are role played. Inspite of it taking time as it is repetitive, it is very
important as it helps the offender in maintaining pro-social behaviors.
In conclusion, all the rules and regulations should be followed by everybody to avoid
facing the wrath of the breaking the rules. Parole, community correction, and mandatory release
are all key features in making sure that all is being carried out appropriately when it comes to
dealing with the offenders.
Gideon. L. (2011). Prison rehabilitation. Retrieved from.
Petersillia. J. (2009). Parole and prisoner reentry. Retrieved from.
Ismaili. K. (2014). USA criminal justice policy in mandatory release. Retrieved from.
Alarid. L. (2014). Community based corrections. Retrieved from.
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