NU Ethical Principles in Evaluation Questions

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Question 1: In striving to promote ethical practices in the evaluation of programs, products, personnel, and policy, the American Evaluation Association (AEA) has developed five principles to guide evaluators in their professional practice. The Principles were updated in 2018 and are available on the AEA website https://www.eval.org/. Compare and contrast the version in the text (below) to the updated version. Describe at least one similarity and one difference for each of the five principles. The OLD guiding principles for performing evaluation are; 1) Systematic inquiry, 2) Competence, 3) Integrity, 4) Respect for persons, and Responsibility for the public welfare. The following are the 5 ethical principles of program evaluation adopted and ratified by the American Evaluation Association. 1) Systemic inquiry: - Evaluators conduct systematic, data-based inquiries. They adhere to the highest technical standards; explore the shortcomings and strengths of evaluation questions and approaches; communicate the approaches, methods, and limitations of the evaluation accurately; and allow others to be able to understand, interpret, and critique their work. 2) Competence: - Evaluators provide competent performance to stakeholders. They ensure that the evaluation team possesses the knowledge, skills, and experience required; that it demonstrates cultural competences; practices within its limits and continuously provides the highest level of performance. 3) Integrity/honest: - Evaluators display honesty and integrity in their own behavior and attempt to ensure the honesty of the entire evaluation process. The negotiate honestly, disclose any conflicts of interests and values and any sources of financial support. They disclose changes to the evaluation, resolve any concerns, accurately represent their findings, and attempt to prevent any misuse of those findings. 4) Respect of people: - Evaluators respect the security, dignity, and worth of respondents, program participants, clients, and other stakeholders. They understand the context of the evaluation, abide by ethical standards, conduct the evaluation and communicate results in a way that respects the stakeholders’ dignity and worth, fosters social equity and takes into account all persons. 5) Responsibilities for general and public welfare: - Evaluators articulate and take into account the diversity of general and public values that may be related to the evaluation. They include relevant perspectives, consider also the side effects, and allow stakeholders to present the results in appropriate forms that respect confidentiality, take into account the public interest, and consider the welfare of society as a whole. (American Evaluation Association, 2008, pp.233-234) (The full text of the American Evaluation Association Guiding Principles for Evaluators is available at http://www.eval.org) Question 2. Compare and contrast the differences and similarities of Evaluation and Research. Define each, explain the goal of each and share why each is important in public health.
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Running head: PROGRAM EVALUATION IN PUBLIC HEALTH

Program Evaluation in Public Health

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PROGRAM EVALUATION IN PUBLIC HEALTH

2

Program Evaluation in Public Health
The AEA old guiding principles and the updated version available on the website
https://www.eval.org/p/cm/ld/fid=51 have similarities and differences. First, both versions
comprise of five principles including in the old system 1) Systematic inquiry, 2) Competence,
3) Integrity, 4) Respect for persons, and Responsibility for the public welfare, which is
renamed Common Good and Equity in the updated version. In this analysis, a compare and
contrast review is made to identify the similarities and differences between the two versions.
1. Systematic In...


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