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due to the rising incidence of cancerand stabilizing mortality rates,the experience of living
with cancer is increasingly prevalent. Research has shown that a diagnosis of
cancer is often associated with high morbidity.Three primary
methodologies have been applied in the study of morbidity outcomes for cancer
patients: quality of life, patient satisfaction, and needs assessment.While
quality-of life evaluations have gauged the ramifications of the disease for
different aspects of life experience,patient satisfaction
surveys have more closely focused on perceived quality-of-care issues.In
contrast, needs assessment spans both quality-of-life and quality-of-care
issues when the impact of disease on patients’ needs is assessed. Regardless of
methodologies, the common goal is to acquire information about health outcomes
pertinent to assisting in the improvement of the quality of patient care and
the reduction of cancer-related morbidity.15
However, unlike other methodologies, needs assessments offer
a number of advantages.First, they enable direct
assessment of patients’ perceived needs for help, thereby allowing a more
direct indication of needed resources. Second, they allow the identification of
the magnitude of need for help, thereby allowing some prioritization of service
needs so that resources can be allocated where the need is most urgent. Third,
needs assessment enables the identification of individuals and/or patient
subgroups with higher level needs, thereby potentially enabling prevention or
at least reduction of problems through appropriate early intervention.
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Jan 11th, 2016
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