Aspen University Nursing Theories Presentation

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Aspen University

Description

Nursing theory Final paper

Theory Review from module 1 to 8.

  • Nightingales Environmental Theory
  • Peplau theory of nurse–patient relationship
  • Orlando’s theory
  • Imogene King (Theory of Goal Attainment)
  • Roy Adaptation Model
  • Leininger's Culture Care Model,
  • Parse's theory of Human Becoming
  • Dr. Afif Transition theory

Develop a PowerPoint presentation reviewing the theories from each module. Please select one theory from each module (1-8) and answer the following questions. You should have two slides per theory:

  • Describe the theory
  • Provide 3 examples of how the theory applies to current practice
  • Provide 3 positive patient outcomes resulting from utilizing the theory
  • Explain 3 benefits to nursing satisfaction when utilizing the theory
  • Describe two barriers to using the theory in practice and at least one method for overcoming each barrier (support methods with sources)
  • Support from literature clearly noted throughout

The PowerPoint presentation should include at least two outside references and the textbook. The presentation should contain 2 to 4 slides per theory, for a total of 16 to 32 slides.

Text book Reference

Smith, M. C., & Parker, M. E. (2015). Nursing theories and nursing practice (4th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis.

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Explanation & Answer

Attached.

NURSING THEORIES
Name
Institutions
Course
Date

NIGHTINGALES ENVIRONMENTAL THEORY
• Description of the theory

• Nightingale is considered the mother of modern-day nursing (Smith & Parker, 2015)
• Nightingale’s environmental theory focuses on the environment of the patient (Smith & Parker, 2015).
• The theory has seven assumptions that help a patient to achieve health goals as listed below (Smith & Parker,
2015).









The natural laws
The ability of a patient to achieve perfection

Nursing as a calling
Nursing as an art and science (Smith & Parker, 2015)
Using environmental modification to achieve health goals
The need for a specific educational base for nursing

Nursing as a distinct and separate from medicine (Smith & Parker, 2015)

APPLICATION IN CURRENT PRACTICE
• Current Practice
• Environment speeds up the patient’ recovering
• The nurse manipulate the environment to promote health
• Patients constantly interact with their environment, making it a stressor that interferes with their health


goals.
A nurse modifies the patient's environment to provide conditions that facilitate the regaining of good
health (Smith & Parker, 2015).

• A nurse provides a clean environment, adequate food, and fluids, fresh air, and cleans the patient
• Cleanliness increases the accessibility to Godliness.
• A clean environment promotes healing and reduces HAIs (Smith & Parker, 2015).
• Hospitals always prioritize the environment of the patient to give the patients a conducive environment for
healing.
• Good ventilation, lighting, and free from waste and odorless
• Constant cleaning, fumigation, sterilization
• Constant control of bugs and bacteria to protect the health of patients

• Adequate nutrition (Nursing Process Theory. (n.d.).
• Nurses work with dieticians to provide patients with adequate nutrition

POSITIVE OUTCOME AND BENEFITS
• Positive Outcomes
• Cleanliness leads to a reduction in the number of hospital-acquired Infections.
• Safe environment reduces hospital-related injuries.
• Effective and efficient healthcare regulations have improved nursing education standards.
• The clean environment enables the patient to meet their health goals
• Increased rate of patient healing and regaining good health (Smith & Parker, 2015).
• Benefits of the Environmental Theory
• The theory is patient focused
• Facilitates the modification of environmental factors to benefit the patient
• Effectively addresses the patients desire for a clean environment
• Makes nurses more focused on the immediate environmental needs of the patient
• Effectively separates the nursing profession from medicine
• Promotes continuing education program among nurses (Smith & Parker, 2015).

BARRIERS TO THE ENVIRONMENTAL THEORY
Barriers to the Environmental Theory

• Some natural environmental conditions cannot be modified
• This barrier can be overcome by letting the nurses focus on an individual patient and acuity
• Lack of adequate time to care for each patient due to the low nurse-patient ratio.
• This barrier can be overcome by spreading acute and needy patients between nurses
• It lacks complementary philosophy in implementation (Smith & Parker, 2015).
• This barrier can be overcome by complementing the nightingale’s theory with another theory
• It is not applicable to the unique conditions presented by a patient.
• This barrier can be overcome by incorporating other theories to the unique situation of each patient

PEPLAU THEORY OF THE NURSE-PATIENT RELATIONSHIP
Description of the theory

• The theory begins with an orientation phase.
• The nurse is getting the patient to take part in the treatment process (Smith & Parker, 2015).
• The working phase enables the nurse to make the patients participate in improving their health by
helping them to ascertain their current health issues (Smith & Parker, 2015).

• The third face entails making a resolution to make the patient take control over their own healthcare to
reduce the dependence on the nurse and the hospital (Smith & Parker, 2015).
Application to current practice

• Applicable in a home health setting through the establishment of a relationship with the patient
• Applicable in patient education to promote good health recovery
• Applicable ...


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