need on time one and two in different docs please apa references and citations

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timer Asked: Jul 2nd, 2019
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Question Description

After reading Chapter 1 in your textbook, please provide a brief response to the following assessment question.

Q1: Organizations are struggling to reduce and right-size their information foot-print, using data governance techniques like data cleansing and de-duplication. Why is this effort necessary? Briefly explain.

After reading Chapter 2 in your textbook, please provide a brief response to the following assessment question.

Q2: Information Governance, IT Governance, Data Governance: What’s the Difference? Briefly explain.


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ITS 833 – INFORMATION GOVERNANCE Chapter 1 – The Onslaught of Big Data and Information Governance Imperative Copyright Geanie Asante 2019 1 CHAPTER GOALS AND OBJECTIVES ➢ ➢ ➢ Define or identify what is meant by “Big Data” What is the practical effects and problems associated with Big Data Solution to the Big Data problem Copyright@Geanie Asante 2019 ➢ Defining Information Governance (“IG”) ➢ Why we do not incorporate IG into everyday business ➢ Advantage of IG ➢ Effects of not incorporating IG ➢ General approach to implementing IG 2 What is “Big Data”? ➢ It is a business asset capable of being leveraged. ➢ “High-volume, high-velocity and high-variety information that demands cost-effective innovative forms of information processing for enhanced insight and decision making” ➢ A combination of both structured and unstructured data that is so massive that it cannot be processed using today’s database tools and analytical software techniques. Copyright@Geanie Asante 2019 3 What is the practical effect of “Big Data”? ➢ Whether or not a business enterprise will be able to sustain a competitive advantage will depend on the business’ ability to manipulate the large amount of data in a way that it to differentiate itself. ➢ Estimates are that 90% of the data existing today was created over the pat two years. ➢ Big Data and related technology and services are projected to grow at a compound annual rate of approximately 27% - leading to new opportunities for data mining and business intelligence. 4 Copyright@Geanie Asante 2019 Issues Related to Big Data ➢ Expense –Only about 25% of data stored has real business value, 5% more is required to be ➢ A great deal of irrelevant information ➢ Increased storage costs ➢ System failures ➢ Legal costs ➢ Conversion costs maintained for legal reasons, 1% retained due to litigation hold, leaving about 69% with no real value. 5 Copyright@Geanie Asante 2019 SOLUTION TO BIG DATA PROBLEMS? ➢ Information Governance ❑ Rigid ❑ Enforced ❑ Creates a smaller “information footprint” ❑ Allows business to more easily find what they need and derive business value from it Copyright@Geanie Asante 2019 6 So…What is “Information Governance”? ➢ It is discipline that emerged out of necessity… ➢ Subset of corporate governance ➢ Merged from records management, content management, information technology, data governance, information security, data privacy, risk management, litigation readiness, regulatory compliance, data preservation and business intelligence ➢ It is the way by which an organization manages the totality of its information ➢ A strategic framework composed of standards, processes, roles, and metrics that hold organizations and individuals accountable to create, organize, secure, maintain, use and dispose of information in ways that align with and contribute to the organizations goals. (Association of Records Management and Administrators)Glossary of Records and Information Management Terms, 4th Ed., 2012, TR 22-2012) Copyright@Geanie Asante 2019 7 WHY INCORPORATE “IG”? ➢ We can’t keep everything forever ➢ We can’t throw everything away ➢ E-discovery ➢ Employees want it ➢ It improves information delivery and improves productivity ➢ It does not get easier to do over time ➢ Legal requirements ➢ Helps mitigate information management risk ➢ E-mail Copyright@Geanie Asante 2019 8 WHY DON’T WE INCORPORATE “IG”? ➢ Cost ➢ Lack of understanding ➢ Lack of support from top Copyright@Geanie Asante 2019 9 FAILURES OF INFORMATION GOVERNANCE? ➢ Theft of valuable information ➢ Inability to protect personal, private information ➢ Breaches in legal requirements ➢ Loss of trade secrets ➢ Public reputation damage Copyright@Geanie Asante 2019 10 Approaches to Implementing IG ➢ ➢ Form proper IG policies first ➢ Review existing policy…if any ➢ Implement an awareness policy Develop an approach ➢ Project approach vs. Strategic program ➢ Identify governance body or steering committee ➢ Apply appropriate technologies for enforcement Copyright@Geanie Asante 2019 11 Thank You Copyright@Geanie Asante 2019 12 ITS 833 – INFORMATION GOVERNANCE Chapter 2 – Information Governance, IT Governance, Data Governance: What’s the Difference? Copyright@Geanie Asante 2019 1 CHAPTER GOALS AND OBJECTIVES ➢ Distinguish between Data Governance, Information Governance and Information Technology Governance and be able to define or explain each ➢ How to increase the likelihood of success of a data governance program ➢ Identify IT Governance Frameworks ➢ Identify the impact of a successful IG program Copyright@Geanie Asante 2019 2 What is “Data Governance”? ➢ Includes processes and controls to ensure that information at the data level – raw data- is true, accurate and unique. ➢ Involves data cleansing and de-duplication ➢ Focus is on information quality ➢ Hybrid quality control discipline ➢ Data quality ➢ Data management ➢ IG policy development ➢ Business process improvement ➢ Compliance ➢ Risk Management Copyright@Geanie Asante 2019 3 How can you improve data governance success ? ➢ Identify a measurable impact ➢ Assign accountability for data quality to a business unit ➢ Recognize the uniqueness of data as an asset ➢ Forget the past-use a forward going strategy ➢ Management the Change Copyright@Geanie Asante 2019 4 WHAT IS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY GOVERNANCE? ➢ Primary way that stakeholders can ensure that investments in IT create business value and contribute to business objectives ➢ Function to improve IT performance and deliver optimum business value and ensure regulatory compliance ➢ Focus is on making IT efficient and effective Copyright@Geanie Asante 2019 5 IT Governance Framework(s)  CobiT® - Control Objective for Information and Related Technology  ValIT®  ITIL  ISO/IEC38500:2008 Copyright@Geanie Asante 2019 6 CobIT® ➢ ➢ ➢ ➢ Process oriented IT governance framework ➢ Codeveloped by IT Governance Institute and ISACA Focus on: ➢ Three Basic Organizational Levels/Responsibilities ➢ Board of Directors and Executive Management ➢ IT and Business Management ➢ Line-Level Governance Divided into four (4) IT Domains ➢ Business Risks ➢ Plan and Organize ➢ Control Requirements ➢ Acquire and Implement ➢ Compliance ➢ Deliver and Support ➢ Technical Issues ➢ Monitor and Evaluate Under continuous refinement Copyright@Geanie Asante 2019 ➢ Includes 34 processes and 210 Control Objectives ➢ ISO 17799 ➢ Compatible with IT Infrastructure Library (ITIL) 7 ValIT® ➢ Value Oriented Framework ➢ Compatible and complimentary with CobiT® ➢ Focus is on leveraging IT investments for maximum value ➢ 40 Essential Management Practices (same as CobiT® control objectives) ➢ Supports three processes: ➢ Value Governance ➢ Portfolio Management ➢ Investment Management Copyright@Geanie Asante 2019 8 ITIL – Information Technology Infrastructure Library ➢ Process Oriented ➢ Developed in United Kingdom ➢ Applicable to both public and private sector ➢ Most widely accepted approach to IT service management in the world ➢ Focus is on providing guidance to organizations on how to use IT as a tool to facilitate business change, transformation and growth ➢ Foundation for ISO/IEC 20000 ➢ Five Volumes that map IT service cycle as follows: ➢ ITIL Service Strategy ➢ ITIL Service Design ➢ ITIL Service Transition ➢ ITIL Service Operation ➢ ITIL Continual Service Improvement Copyright@Geanie Asante 2019 9 ISO/IEC 38500:2008 ➢ International Standard ➢ Focus is on high-level principles for senior executives, directors and advisors of IT ➢ Applies to the governance of management processes that are performed at the IT service level ➢ Three main sections: ➢ Scope, Application and Objectives ➢ Framework for Good Corporate Governance of IT ➢ Guidance for Corporate Governance of IT Copyright@Geanie Asante 2019 10 INFORMATION GOVERNANCE ➢ A part of “Corporate Governance” which is the highest level of governance of an organization ➢ Processes which are at a higher level than data governance or IT governance ➢ Contains and includes both data governance and IT governance Copyright@Geanie Asante 2019 ➢ Approach focuses on controlling the information that is generated by IT systems, rather than the detailed IT o data capture and quality control processes ➢ Goal is to manage and control information assets to lower risk, ensure compliance with regulations and improve information quality and accessibility while implementing security measure to protect and preserve information that has business value 11 IMPACT OF SUCCESSFUL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE ➢ Enable the use of common terms across the enterprise ➢ ➢ ➢ Development of standard definitions and terms Map Information creation and usage ➢ Who ➢ Which ➢ When ➢ Where Copyright@Geanie Asante 2019 ➢ Information Confidentiality ➢ Integrity ➢ Validity ➢ Accuracy ➢ Quality Harvest and Leverage Information 12 DIFFERENCES BETWEEN IG, ITG AND DG Information Governance Overarching policies and processes to optimize and leverage information while keeping it secure and meeting legal and privacy obligations that are consistent with organizational objectives. IT Governance Following established frameworks and best practices to gain the most leverage and benefit from IT investments and support accomplishment of business objectives Data Governance Consists of processes methods and techniques to ensure that data is of high quality, reliable and unique so that its results are trusted and accurate Higher level approach, incorporating IT Governance and Data Governance Copyright@Geanie Asante 2019 13 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN COROPRATE GOVERNANCE, INFORMATION GOVERNANCE, IT GOVERNANCE AND DATA GOVERNANCE Corporate Governance Information Governance IT Governance Data Governance Copyright@Geanie Asante 2019 14 Thank You Copyright@Geanie Asante 2019 15 ...
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MorganBrady
School: Boston College

Please find the attached

Running Head: INFORMATION GOVENANCE

1

Information Governance
Student’s Name
Institution
Course
Date

INFORMATION GOVENANCE

2

INFORMATION GOVERNANCE
Q2: Information Governance, IT Governance, and Data Governance: What’s the Difference?
Briefly explain
Information governance is defined as a description of decision rights and accountability
framework that ensures there is appropriate creation, use, behaviors, deletion and archiving of
information in an organization. Information governance comprise f process like metrics, riles and
polices that makes use information is used appropriately in an organization (Snene, 2012). IT
governance...

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