Creighton University Second Line Treatment for Cold & Fever Presentation

Anonymous

Question Description

Using the powerpoint already started finish the Cold remedies section of the powerpoint (grey slides).

Part 1) Using various sources look up first line treatment and second line treatment for the following conditions : Colds, Cough, Fever, Decongestants and antihistamines, anti-tussives (grey slides)

PUT IMPORTANT DRUG COUNSELING INFORMATION/Exclusion for treatment in each slide!!!


Part 2) After you finish the powerpoint, take the whole powerpoint, both the cold remidies and herbal supplements section and make a nice looking handout out of it.


use sources such as handbook of nonprescription drugs, drug facts and comparisons and pharmacist letter


Unformatted Attachment Preview

COLD REMEDIES & HERBAL PRODUCTS COLD REMEDIES • THE COMMON COLD: MEDICALLY REFERRED TO AS A VIRAL UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTION • SYMPTOMS BEGIN 1 – 3 DAYS AFTER BECOMING INFECTED START WITH SORE THROAT, FOLLOWED BY NASAL SYMPTOMS AND POSSIBLE COUGH COLD TREATMENT NON-PHARMALOGIC THERAPY • GOAL OF THERAPY IS TO REDUCE BOTHERSOME SYMPTOMS AND PREVENT COLD SYMPTOMS FROM TRANSMITTING TO ANOTHER PERSON • INCREASE FLUID INTAKE, ADEQUATE REST, INCREASE HUMIDIFICATION. • HOT TEA & CHICKEN SOUP MAY HAVE SOME ANTIINFLAMMATORY PROPERTIES • BREATH RIGHT STRIPS AND VICK'S VAPORUB CAN TEMPORARILY RELIEVE NASAL CONGESTION AND STUFFINESS • SALINE NASAL SPRAY DROPS TO LOOSEN MUCUS Non Pharmalogic therapy and Pharmalogic therapy for cold treatment Pharmalogic Therapy: Decongestants • Used to specifically treat sinus and nasal congestion Pharmalogic therapy and non phamalogical Antihistamines Pharmalogic therapy and non pharmalogic: Cough (anti-tussives) Non-Pharmalogic and Pharmalogic treatment for Fever HERBAL PRODUCT REGULATION • 1993: HERBAL PRODUCTS WERE REGULATED AS FOODS. • 1990’S: FDA PROPOSED MORE STRINGENT REGULATION OF HERBAL PRODUCTS. • DSHEA ACT (1994) CREATED A NEW CATEGORY OF PRODUCT, THE DIETARY SUPPLEMENT. • DON’T NECESSARILY REQUIRE EFFICACY AND SAFETY TESTING PRIOR TO MARKETING GINKGO BILOBA • COMMON USES: • IMPROVE MEMORY & PREVENT OR TREAT ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE • DOSAGE: • 120-240 MG/DAY IN 2 – 3 DIVIDED DOSES • ADVERSE EFFECTS: • GI UPSET, DIZZINESS, CONSTIPATION/DIARRHEA, SPONTANEOUS BLEEDING GINKGO BILOBA CONTINUED • IMPORTANT COUNSELING NOTES • CAN INCREASE EFFECTS OF ANTICOAGULANTS • CONTROVERSY REGARDING USE IN PREGNANCY • SEEDS CONTAIN TOXINS • NATURAL MEDICINES: EFFICACY & SAFETY • LIKELY SAFE • SIMILAR TO DONEPEZIL IN SOME STUDIES • MIXED RESULTS ON COGNITIVE IMPROVEMENT IN MON DEMENTIA PATIENTS ST JOHN’S WORT • COMMON USES: • DEPRESSION, ANXIETY & MOOD DISORDERS • DOSAGE: • 300 MG THREE TIMES DAILY • ADVERSE EFFECTS: • PHOTOSENSITIVITY, GI UPSET, INSOMNIA, DRY MOUTH, ALLERGIC REACTIONS ST JOHN’S WORT CONTINUED • IMPORTANT COUNSELING NOTES & DRUG INTERACTIONS: • MAY DECREASE LEVELS OF BIRTH CONTROL PILLS, ANTI SEIZURE DRUGS, CYCLOSPORINE, ANTI-RETROVIRAL DRUGS, WARFARIN • MAY INDUCE SEROTONIN SYNDROME WHEN COMBINED WITH • TRIPANS, SSRI’S AND TRAMADOL • SELF TREATMENT OF DEPRESSION CAN BE DANGEROUS DEPENDING ON SEVERITY OF DEPRESSION • NATURAL MEDICINES: EFFICACY & SAFETY • LIKELY EFFECTIVE FOR MILD/MODERATE DEPRESSION (EQUIVALENT TO SSRI’S IN SOME STUDIES) VALERIAN • COMMON USES: • INSOMNIA AND ANXIETY • DOSAGE: • 400-900 MG TAKEN 2 HOURS BEFORE BEDTIME • ADVERSE EFFECTS: • HEADACHE, DIZZINESS, GI UPSET, FATIGUE VALERIAN CONTINUED • IMPORTANT COUNSELING NOTES • DO NOT USE FOR MORE THAN 4 – 6 WEEKS • DO NOT TAKE WITH BENZODIAZEPINES (BZD) • DO NOT TAKE ALONGSIDE ALCOHOL OR SEDATIVES • DRUG INTERACTIONS WITH HYDROCODONE, HYDROXYZINE, MINOCYCLINE, ETC. • NATURAL MEDICINES: EFFICACY & SAFETY • POSSIBLY EFFECTIVE BUT LESS EFFECTIVE THAN BZD’S OR DIPHENHYDRAMINE • MAY TAKE SEVERAL DAYS OF USE TO SEE FULL EFFECT COLD REMEDIES & HERBAL PRODUCTS COLD REMEDIES • THE COMMON COLD: MEDICALLY REFERRED TO AS A VIRAL UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTION • SYMPTOMS BEGIN 1 – 3 DAYS AFTER BECOMING INFECTED START WITH SORE THROAT, FOLLOWED BY NASAL SYMPTOMS AND POSSIBLE COUGH COLD TREATMENT NON-PHARMALOGIC THERAPY • GOAL OF THERAPY IS TO REDUCE BOTHERSOME SYMPTOMS AND PREVENT COLD SYMPTOMS FROM TRANSMITTING TO ANOTHER PERSON • INCREASE FLUID INTAKE, ADEQUATE REST, INCREASE HUMIDIFICATION. • HOT TEA & CHICKEN SOUP MAY HAVE SOME ANTIINFLAMMATORY PROPERTIES • BREATH RIGHT STRIPS AND VICK'S VAPORUB CAN TEMPORARILY RELIEVE NASAL CONGESTION AND STUFFINESS • SALINE NASAL SPRAY DROPS TO LOOSEN MUCUS Non Pharmalogic therapy and Pharmalogic therapy for cold treatment Pharmalogic Therapy: Decongestants • Used to specifically treat sinus and nasal congestion Pharmalogic therapy and non phamalogical Antihistamines Pharmalogic therapy and non pharmalogic: Cough (anti-tussives) Non-Pharmalogic and Pharmalogic treatment for Fever HERBAL PRODUCT REGULATION • 1993: HERBAL PRODUCTS WERE REGULATED AS FOODS. • 1990’S: FDA PROPOSED MORE STRINGENT REGULATION OF HERBAL PRODUCTS. • DSHEA ACT (1994) CREATED A NEW CATEGORY OF PRODUCT, THE DIETARY SUPPLEMENT. • DON’T NECESSARILY REQUIRE EFFICACY AND SAFETY TESTING PRIOR TO MARKETING GINKGO BILOBA • COMMON USES: • IMPROVE MEMORY & PREVENT OR TREAT ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE • DOSAGE: • 120-240 MG/DAY IN 2 – 3 DIVIDED DOSES • ADVERSE EFFECTS: • GI UPSET, DIZZINESS, CONSTIPATION/DIARRHEA, SPONTANEOUS BLEEDING GINKGO BILOBA CONTINUED • IMPORTANT COUNSELING NOTES • CAN INCREASE EFFECTS OF ANTICOAGULANTS • CONTROVERSY REGARDING USE IN PREGNANCY • SEEDS CONTAIN TOXINS • NATURAL MEDICINES: EFFICACY & SAFETY • LIKELY SAFE • SIMILAR TO DONEPEZIL IN SOME STUDIES • MIXED RESULTS ON COGNITIVE IMPROVEMENT IN MON DEMENTIA PATIENTS ST JOHN’S WORT • COMMON USES: • DEPRESSION, ANXIETY & MOOD DISORDERS • DOSAGE: • 300 MG THREE TIMES DAILY • ADVERSE EFFECTS: • PHOTOSENSITIVITY, GI UPSET, INSOMNIA, DRY MOUTH, ALLERGIC REACTIONS ST JOHN’S WORT CONTINUED • IMPORTANT COUNSELING NOTES & DRUG INTERACTIONS: • MAY DECREASE LEVELS OF BIRTH CONTROL PILLS, ANTI SEIZURE DRUGS, CYCLOSPORINE, ANTI-RETROVIRAL DRUGS, WARFARIN • MAY INDUCE SEROTONIN SYNDROME WHEN COMBINED WITH • TRIPANS, SSRI’S AND TRAMADOL • SELF TREATMENT OF DEPRESSION CAN BE DANGEROUS DEPENDING ON SEVERITY OF DEPRESSION • NATURAL MEDICINES: EFFICACY & SAFETY • LIKELY EFFECTIVE FOR MILD/MODERATE DEPRESSION (EQUIVALENT TO SSRI’S IN SOME STUDIES) VALERIAN • COMMON USES: • INSOMNIA AND ANXIETY • DOSAGE: • 400-900 MG TAKEN 2 HOURS BEFORE BEDTIME • ADVERSE EFFECTS: • HEADACHE, DIZZINESS, GI UPSET, FATIGUE VALERIAN CONTINUED • IMPORTANT COUNSELING NOTES • DO NOT USE FOR MORE THAN 4 – 6 WEEKS • DO NOT TAKE WITH BENZODIAZEPINES (BZD) • DO NOT TAKE ALONGSIDE ALCOHOL OR SEDATIVES • DRUG INTERACTIONS WITH HYDROCODONE, HYDROXYZINE, MINOCYCLINE, ETC. • NATURAL MEDICINES: EFFICACY & SAFETY • POSSIBLY EFFECTIVE BUT LESS EFFECTIVE THAN BZD’S OR DIPHENHYDRAMINE • MAY TAKE SEVERAL DAYS OF USE TO SEE FULL EFFECT ...
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Tutor Answer

Mercury_H
School: UCLA

Attached.

COLD REMEDIES & HERBAL
PRODUCTS
PRESENTED BY:
JULY 2,2019

COLD REMEDIES
• THE COMMON COLD: MEDICALLY
REFERRED TO AS A VIRAL UPPER
RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTION
• SYMPTOMS BEGIN 1 – 3 DAYS AFTER
BECOMING INFECTED
START WITH SORE THROAT,
FOLLOWED BY NASAL SYMPTOMS
AND POSSIBLE COUGH

COLD TREATMENT NON-PHARMALOGIC THERAPY
• GOAL OF THERAPY IS TO REDUCE BOTHERSOME
SYMPTOMS AND PREVENT COLD SYMPTOMS FROM
TRANSMITTING TO ANOTHER PERSON
• INCREASE FLUID INTAKE, ADEQUATE REST, INCREASE
HUMIDIFICATION.
• HOT TEA & CHICKEN SOUP MAY HAVE SOME ANTIINFLAMMATORY PROPERTIES
• BREATH RIGHT STRIPS AND VICK'S VAPORUB CAN
TEMPORARILY RELIEVE NASAL CONGESTION AND
STUFFINESS
• SALINE NASAL SPRAY DROPS TO LOOSEN MUCUS

PHARMACOLOGICAL THERAPY: DECONGESTANTS
• THEY ARE NORMALLY USED TO RELIEVE NASAL CONGESTION.
• THEY ARE EFFECTIVE IN TREATING ALLERGIES BY SHRINKING THE SWOLLEN BLOOD VESSELS AND TISSUES
HENCE RELIEVING THE CONGESTIONS.

• THE COMMONLY USED ONES INCLUDE OXYMETAZOLINE, PHENYLEPHRINE, AND PSEUDOEPHEDRINE.
• DOSAGE: FOR CHILDREN WHO ARE 12 YEARS ABOVE AND ADULTS SHOULD TAKE TWO TABLETS EVERY FOUR
TO SIX HOURS. FOR CHILDREN BETWEEN 6-11 SHOULD TAKE ONE TABLET EVERY FOUR TO SIX HOURS.
• KEY COUNSELLING: THEY SHOULD NOT BE USED FOR MORE THAN THREE DAYS AS IT CAN MAKE THE NOSE TO
BE STOPPED UP AFTERWARDS. IT SHOULD NOT BE USED IN CHILDREN WHO ARE UNDER SIX YEARS.

NON-PHARMACOLOGICAL THERAPY
&PHARMACOLOGICAL THERAPY FOR COLD
TREATMENT
• IT IS IMPORTANT TO NOTE THAT THERE IS NO CURE FOR COLD AND TREATMENT OFFERED IS MEANT TO MAKE ONE FEEL
BETTER AND SECONDLY TO FIGHT OFF THE VIRUS.
• PHARMACOLOGICAL TREATMENT OF COLDS INCLUDE USE OF ANTIHISTAMINES.

• KEY COUNSELLING: CAUTION SHOULD BE TAKEN BECAUSE THEY CAN CAUSE BLURRED VISION, AND DIZZINESS.
• ENSURING THAT ONE TAKES SUPPLEMENTS SO AS TO RECEIVE THE RECOMMENDED DIETARY ALLOWANCES FOR
VITAMIN A, B, AND C AS WELL AS MINERALS SUCH AS ZINC AND COPPER WHICH ARE ESSENTIAL FOR THE
NEUTROPHILS THAT HELP FIGHT COLD INFECTIONS.
• TO EASE THE SYMPTOMS ONE MAY USE AROMATHERAPY WHICH IS THE USE OF ESSENTIAL OILS THAT ARE RUBBED O
THE BODY, DIFFUSED IN THE AIR, OR INHALED WITH STEAM. THEY INCLUDE TEA TREE OILS AND BASIL.
• CAUTION SHOULD BE TAKEN WHILE USING AROMATHERAPY BECAUSE THERE IS A HIGH RISK OF GETTING DERMATITIS.

PHARMACOLOGIC THERAPY AND NONPHARMACOLOGICAL ANTIHISTAMINES
• ANTIHISTAMINES HELP TREAT ALLERGIES BY BLOCKING HISTAMINES.
• THE PHARMACOLOGICAL ANTIHISTAMINES INCLUDE AZELASTINE,PALGIC, CLARINEX, ATARAX, XYZAL,
AND CETIRIZINE.
• DOSAGE: THEY SHOULD BE TAKEN ONCE DAILY.
• KEY COUNSELLING: CAUTION SHOULD BE TAKEN WHILE USING THE DRUGS BECAUSE THEY MAY
CAUSE DROWSINESS AND BLURRED VISION.
• THE NON-PHARMACOLOGICAL TREATMENT INCLUDE: AVOIDING ALLERGEN, ENSURING THAT ONE
CONSUMES VITAMIN C AS IT HELPS TO BOOST IMMUNITY, BUTTER BAR, BROMELAIN, PROBIOTICS,
QURCETIN, PHYCNOGENOL, ANDSTINGING NETTLE.

PHARMACOLOGIC THERAPY AND NON
PHARMACOLOGIC: COUGH (ANTI-TUSSIVES)
• THEY ARE USED TO SUPPRESS COUGHS.
• THE DRUGS SUPPRESS THE COUGHS BY INHIBITING THE COORDINATING REGION FOR COUGHING
THAT IS LOCATED IN THE BRAIN STEM AND DISRUPTING THE COUGH.
• SOME OF THE DRUGS USED INCLUDE PHOLCODINE, CODEINE, AND DEXTROMETHORPHAN.
• KEY COUNSELLING: CARE SHOULD BE TAKEN WHILE USING BECAUSE THEY MAY CAUSE
CONSTIPATION, DROWSINESS, AND CONSTANT USE MAY LEAD TO ADDICTION.
• THEY SHOULD NOT BE USED IN CHILDREN SINCE THEIR EFFECTIVENESS HAVE NOT BEEN ESTABLISHED.

• NON-PHARMACOLOGICAL TREATMENT FOR COUGHS INCLUDE: CONSUMPTION OF WARM FLUIDS,
BREATHING MOIST AIR, AVOIDING DAIRY PRODUCTS, AND EATING WELL BALANCED DIET.

NON-PHARMACOLOGIC AND PHARMACOLOGIC
TREATMENT FOR FEVER
• PHARMACOLOGICAL TREATMENT INCLUDES: ACETAMINOPHEN SUCH AS IBUPROFEN AND TYLENOL.
• NON-PHARMACOLOGICAL TREATMENT INCLUDES STAYING COOL, REST, DRINKING PLENTY OF
FLUIDS.
• DOSAGE: 1GRAM PER DOSE
• TREATMENT IS USED TO CONTAIN THE HIGH BODY TEMPERATURES TO A RECOMMENDED LEVEL.
• KEY COUNSELLING: CAUTION SHOULD BE TAKEN SINCE HIGH INTAKE MAY CAUSE LIVER AND
KIDNEY DAMAGE. SHOULD NOT BE USED IF ONE HAS ALLERGIC REACTIONS TO IT. ASPRIN SHOULD
NOT BE GIVEN TO CHILDREN SINCE IT MAY CAUSE REYE’S SYNDROME.

HERBAL PRODUCT REGULATION
• 1993: HERBAL PRODUCTS WERE REGULATED AS
FOODS.

• 1990’S: FDA PROPOSED MORE STRINGENT
REGULATION OF HERBAL PRODUCTS.

• DSHEA ACT (1994) CREATED A NEW CATEGORY
OF PRODUCT, THE DIETARY SUPPLEMENT.

• DON’T NECESSARILY REQUIRE EFFICACY AND
SAFETY TESTING PRIOR TO MARKETING

GINKGO BILOBA
• COMMON USES:
• IMPROVE MEMORY & PREVENT OR TREAT
ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE
• DOSAGE:
• 120-240 MG/DAY IN 2 – 3 DIVIDED DOSES

• ADVERSE EFFECTS:
• GI UPSET, DIZZINESS,
CONSTIPATION/DIARRHEA,
SPONTANEOUS BLEEDING

GINKGO BILOBA CONTINUED
• IMPORTANT COUNSELING NOTES
• CAN INCREASE EFFECTS OF ANTICOAGULANTS
• CONTROVERSY REGARDING USE IN PREGNANCY
• SEEDS CONTAIN TOXINS
• NATURAL MEDICINES: EFFICACY & SAFETY
• LIKELY SAFE
• SIMILAR TO DONEPEZIL IN SOME STUDIES
• MIXED RESULTS ON COGNITIVE IMPROVEMENT
IN MON DEMENTIA PATIENTS

ST JOHN’S WORT
• COMMON USES:
• DEPRESSION, ANXIETY & MOOD DISORDERS
• DOSAGE:
• 300 MG THREE TIMES DAILY
• ADVERSE EFFECTS:

• PHOTOSENSITIVITY, GI UPSET, INSOMNIA, DRY
MOUTH, ALLERGIC REACTIONS

ST JOHN’S WORT CONTINUED
• IMPORTANT COUNSELING NOTES & DRUG INTERACTIONS:
• MAY DECREASE LEVELS OF BIRTH CONTROL PILLS, ANTI
SEIZURE DRUGS, CYCLOSPORINE, ANTI-RETROVIRAL DRUGS,
WARFARIN
• MAY INDUCE SEROTONIN SYNDROME WHEN COMBINED WITH

• TRIPANS, SSRI’S AND TRAMADOL
• SELF TREATMENT OF DEPRESSION CAN BE DANGEROUS
DEPENDING ON SEVERITY OF DEPRESSION
• NATURAL MEDICINES: EFFICACY & SAFETY
• LIKELY EFFECTIVE FOR MILD/MODERATE DEPRESSION
(EQUIVALENT TO SSRI’S IN SOME STUDIES)

VALERIAN
• COMMON USES:
• INSOMNIA AND ANXIETY
• DOSAGE:
• 400-900 MG TAKEN 2 HOURS BEFORE
BEDTIME
• ADVERSE EFFECTS:
• HEADACHE, DIZZINESS, GI UPSET, FATIGUE

VALERIAN CONTINUED
• IMPORTANT COUNSELING NOTES
• DO NOT USE FOR MORE THAN 4 – 6 WEEKS

• DO NOT TAKE WITH BENZ...

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Anonymous
Tutor went the extra mile to help me with this essay. Citations were a bit shaky but I appreciated how well he handled APA styles and how ok he was to change them even though I didnt specify. Got a B+ which is believable and acceptable.

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