evaluate the Concept of Constitutional Separation of Powers, between the Executive, Legislature and Judiciary. Give at least three examples of how each of the Branches function as check and balance on each other.
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A "Constitutional Separation of Powers", in the United States, refers to the division of governmental power between three distinct branches: executive (the President); legislative (Congress); and the judicial (Supreme Court).
Each branch has its role in government. The executive branch is responsible for many things and is often the most difficult to define. The president is both head of state, in charge of foreign policy, and crucially, responsible for the military.
The legislative branch, Congress, is a bicameral house (two houses, Senate and House of Representatives) that represents states and passes federal law.
Finally, the Supreme Court is responsible for interpreting federal law.
"Checks and balances" refers to the means by which each branch is kept in control by the others. The president must approve any legislation passed by Congress, and may veto it entirely; the Supreme Court may rule any law passed by Congress unconstitutional; Congress may overcome both obstacles with a two-thirds majority vote.
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Jan 13th, 2016
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