IRLS 503 APUS Law Conflicts in The African Union Summary Paper

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ZPX2018

Law

IRLS 503

American Public University System

IRLS

Question Description

I’m working on a Law exercise and need support.

From the attached paper please may you kindly summarize the following:

  • main themes, 
  • areas of agreement and disagreement among scholars, 
  • and any gaps in knowledge that remain that your research can help address.  

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Running Head: AFRICAN UNION ETHNIC VIOLENCE Literature Review: African Union Ethnic Violence Name Class Instructor Date 1 AFRICAN UNION ETHNIC VIOLENCE 2 Literature Review: Conflicts in the African Union The OAU for liberation movements has helped many African states gain their independence from violence and has helped the country gain territorial integrity. During the first decade of the OAU’s establishment, they were providing political reinforces to help facilitate discussions on African inter-state cooperation throughout the political and socio-economic fields (Carment, 2010). This organization has also played an essential role in the establishment of regional integration along with cooperation groups. The Path to peace or grand illusion, the literature aims to review the various institutions and the role that they have played in the conflict resolution strategies around the continent of Africa. The book also reviews the current trends that are being adopted in the sphere of conflict resolution (Carment, 2010). It also provides for the recommendations for the improvement of organizational capacity to respond to crises. In the beginning, the OAU was unable to resolve the conflicts that were occurring between the members of the state and those of the Cold War despite the varying elements of involvements from the Democratic Republic of Cargo, Uganda, Ethiopia, and Kenya. It wasn’t until the groups called for political independence that the decolonization and facilitation among the country’s safeguards began developing and was consolidated. Thus, the association concentrated on accomplishing these objectives and disregarded different issues, prompting a perceptible disappointment in overseeing clashes (Mathews, 1984). Given the divisions of the African nations and the violence that has erupted among them and the United States, the Soviet Union has added many detailing reports of corruption and interests towards the provincial forces in which have left behind negative ramifications concerning the African ethnic violence among their states while addressing the adequacy of OAU (Maluwa, 2003; De Coning 2004). AFRICAN UNION ETHNIC VIOLENCE 3 Is an essay collection that contextualizes the state of different studies that have been carries out on mediation and peace settlements around the world, and at the same time putting into context the changing global dynamics (Crocker et al.2018) This book has been organized in such a manner that it covers the broad region, institution as well as the global arena of conflict resolution. In the book, the theme of complexity is ripe as it dissects how challenging, the task of mediating between warring parties is. Similarly, the book ‘Peacekeeping and peacemaking: towards effective intervention in post-Cold War conflicts,’ seeks to explore the history of and the achievement as well as the role of the United Nations organization in its effort to intervene in a post-cold war world (Woodhouse et al., 2016). The book explores the state of post-cold war conflicts of places like Rwanda, Bosnia and Somali among other places and how peacekeepers mandated by the United Nations were helpless in the cases of gross human rights violations, murder and genocide ravaged these places (Woodhouse et al., 2016). Thus, making an analysis of these problems important in this context. The Communiques on the meetings of the heads of state. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Adopted a measure to support the African solution to an African problem (Peace and Security Council, 2013-2016). The communique provides a guideline and blueprint on how to best develop capacity, effectiveness and the development agenda of the continent, focusing on the commitment of each state to the best practices that are good for the continent. The institutional framework applied weren’t focusing on the preventions of ending up in failure or to deal with ethnic violence in an effective manner towards the social, political, and economic barriers that had been present. Globalization has been an essential cause of ethnic violence among African communities and related areas. essentially, the organizations couldn’t deal appropriately with the containment AFRICAN UNION ETHNIC VIOLENCE 4 of violence and thus, the management of the civil wars that occurred in Liberia, Angola, and Sudan had all collectively resulted in thousands of deaths whereas violence was more prevalent in African communities (Murithi, 2007). Such failures of the OAU also was convincing those in the African regions that the barriers of social, political, and economic challenges were preventing them from successfully rising out of violent natures (Othieno, T. and Samasuwo, 2006). Thusly, it was a total response by each African state and not simply the incredible ones to face the new political and budgetary troubles in the terrain. The talk above mirrors the path that there is an inconsistency between scientists with respect to whether the AU was set up as a device of the African noteworthy states realpolitik (for instance Libya, South Africa and Nigeria) and as a gadget to achieve their global methodology interests or in case it was an extension of the Pan-Africanism objectives improvement and that it addressed an African total movement to stand up to the challenges of the new thousand years. To look at this issue, this proposition gathers particularly in the observational segments on the direction of each and every African state in their response to the African crisis. The studies have displayed and demonstrated that the AU African members were fundamentally different in their philosophical ideology, the structure of institutions, strategies they applied, and the ambition they had developed. As an example, it was noted that as the OAU utilized many functions and methods, the AU was establishing other institutions and becoming more dedicated to the assurance of peace and security for the African communities while using historical indications of traditional tools of their predecessors. Othieno, T. and Samasuwo (2006) argued that the key accumulations of the OAU could intercede in a contest circumstance if they could do everything considered by the get-togethers to a request. For them, the get-together of the training of non-intercession drove the OAU to change AFRICAN UNION ETHNIC VIOLENCE 5 into a quiet onlooker of intra-state clashes in Africa. They raised that the AU has taken in exercises from the OAU and thusly has expected, as it may be seen from its certified structure and the sorts of establishments made, a fundamentally more interventionist position. In such manner, Nathan (2010), Crocker (2008) and Murithi (2005) have demonstrated the veracity of that there was a giant move between the OAU's non-intercession system and the AU's nonviolent techniques. Even more distrustfully, Carment (2002) communicated that Africans should not be coordinated to envision that an essential adjustment of the division (from OAU to AU) will on a very basic level prompt a tremendous push toward an undeniably clarified culture of human rights in their domain. He obviously expected that the reference in the AU Treaty to another nature of ace in Africa is boggling and, such insane thinking isn't yet achievable (Carment, 2002). Notwithstanding, four years of its world, a move in perspectives occurred inside the insightful research and making and the AU's issues were inspected the degree that its authentic occupations and capacity to achieve real congruity and security in Africa, instead of standing out it from its predecessor. To conclude, this literature review emphasizes the methods that the OAU fought for freedom developments and how they have helped numerous African states gain their autonomy from viciousness and has helped the nation increase regional uprightness. During the primary decade of the OAU's foundation, they were giving political fortifies to help encourage exchanges on African between state collaboration all through the political and financial fields. This association has additionally assumed a basic job in the foundation of territorial joining alongside participation gatherings. The Path to harmony or fabulous deception, the writing expects to audit AFRICAN UNION ETHNIC VIOLENCE 6 the different foundations and the job that they have played in the compromise systems around the mainland of Africa. AFRICAN UNION ETHNIC VIOLENCE 7 Bibliography Carment, David, and Dane Rowlands. "Three's company: evaluating third-party intervention in intrastate conflict." Journal of Conflict Resolution 42, no. 5 (1998): 572-599. Carment, David, and Albrecht Schnabel. "Conflict prevention." Path to peace or grand illusion (2010). Crocker, Chester A., Fen Osler Hampson, and Pamela Aall. International Negotiation and Mediation in Violent Conflict: The Changing Context of Peacemaking. Routledge, 2018. De Coning, Cedric, and Paul Romita. Monitoring and evaluation of peace operations. International Peace Institute (IPI), 2009. Maluwa, Tiyanjana. "The Constitutive Act of the African Union and Institution-Building in Postcolonial Africa." Leiden Journal of International Law 16, no. 1 (2003): 157-170. Mathews, K. "The Charter of the Organization of African Unity." American Journal of International Law 59, no. 2 (1965): 243-267. Murithi, Timothy. "The African Union: Pan-Africanism." Peacebuilding and Development s 21 (2005). Nalbandov, Robert. Foreign interventions in ethnic conflicts. Routledge, 2016. Wulf, Herbert, and Tobias Debiel. "Conflict early warning and response mechanisms: Tools for enhancing the effectiveness of regional organisations? A comparative study of the AU, ECOWAS, IGAD, ASEAN/ARF and PIF." (2009). Nkiwane, Tandeka C. "Africa and international relations: Regional lessons for a global discourse." International Political Science Review 22, no. 3 (2001): 279-290. Source 1: https://www.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_role_played_by_the_Unites_States_in_the_SovietAfghanistan_War Total matches: 1 (show) AFRICAN UNION ETHNIC VIOLENCE 8 Source 2: https://mafiadoc.com/a-european-perspective-on-quality-of-life-in-old-age-springerlink_5a7b8e1b1723dd156e2eeef9.html Total matches: 1 (show) Othieno, Timothy, and Nhamo Samasuwo. "A critical analysis of Africa's experiments with hybrid missions and security collaboration." African Security Studies 16, no. 3 (2007): 25-39. Wachira, George Mukundi. "Strengthening the Peace and Governance Nexus within the African Union. Enhancing synergy between the African Governance Architecture (AGA) and the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA)." NUPI Report (2017). Woodhouse, Tom, Robert Bruce, and Malcolm Dando, eds. Peacekeeping and peacemaking: towards effective intervention in post-Cold War conflicts. Springer, 2016.
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please let me know if i need to add more to meet a certain word or page count hun

Running Head: LITERATURE REVIEW SUMMARY

1

Literature Review Summary
Instructor
Class
Date
Name

LITERATURE REVIEW SUMMARY

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The themes among the literature review establish the many conflicts and mitigation
methods that the African Union has tried to utilize. These methods were set in place to prevent
and deter future violence due t...

NYJNLFBEVTVANY (5500)
UCLA

Anonymous
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