Psychology 1500 words human mind.

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Question Description

Write an essay addressing the topic below:

"Is the human mind designed to be truly self-sacrificial? Discuss different
theoretical perspectives on altruism, as well as evidence in support of these
theories. Ensure that among these theories, you both discuss kin selection theory
and identify whether any available evidence disconfirms this theory."

Word limit: 1500 words, not including title and end-text references.
* You must indicate the number of words on the title page of your assignment.
Your essay needs to provide an answer to the question by applying social psychology
theories and relevant evidence-based research (not just the material in the textbook).

In addition to the material in the textbook, here are suggested readings to get you

Cialdini, R. B., & Kenrick, D. T. (1976). Altruism as hedonism: A social development perspective on the relationship of
negative mood state and helping. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 34(5), 907-914.

Batson, C. D. (1987). Prosocial motivation: is it ever truly altruistic? Advances in Experimental Social Psychology,
20, 65-122.

Kruger, D. J. (2003). Evolution and altruism: Combining psychological mediators with naturally selected tendencies.
Evolution and Human Behavior, 24(2), 118-125.

McCullough, M. E., Kimeldorf, M. B., Cohen, A. D. (2008). An adaptation for altruism: the social causes, social effects,
and social evolution of gratitude. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 17(4), 281-285.

Your essay must include:
1. A title page
2. A title
3. An essay with
a. an introduction
b. a body
c. a conclusion
4. A reference list

Follow the conventions of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological
Association (APA), 6th Edition (2010). Guidelines on using APA style can be
obtained from the following sources:
Murdoch Library website:

Tutor Answer

School: Cornell University



The Human Mind and Self-Sacrifice
Student’s Name
Institutional Affiliation

Word Count [ 1,605]




The Human Mind and Self-Sacrifice
Within moral philosophy, the topic of self-sacrifice has been rife, with cultural stories
depicting that this prosocial behavior is the cornerstone of moral concepts. However, theories of
moral psychology have refuted this notion on the grounds of alternative views. The view that
some form of benefit motivates morally-relevant decisions has dominated contemporary
psychology. Further, some suggest that in some circumstances of moral dilemma, humans can
act from unselfish motives. The possibility of different motivational systems during moral
response is the center of concern that determines whether the human mind is designed as truly
self-sacrificial or is an accident of nature. For this reason, it is worth comparing different
theoretical perspectives that attempt to unravel the altruistic motivation of human min; and the
basics of the kin theory of selection which attempt to determine why some organisms possess a
helping behavior to other organisms of the same species.
At present, different theories define the development of altruistic behavior. The
approaches differ in many perspectives as far as the self-gain and love for others in a moral
dilemma are concerned Cialdini and Kenrick (1976). Some of the divergent differences include
definition, theoretical assumptions, and method of investigating altruistic behavior. Nonetheless,
each of these theoretical approaches has revamped the understanding of this topic; and a
collective agreement that helping behavior ought to be distinguished from altruistic behavior is
evident. Moreover, the stands taken by these theories can be viewed as complements to each
other, and ultimately contributing to the understanding of different aspects of this particular
prosocial behavior. The attributes of these theories have enriched the understanding of altruistic
development at great length.



To start with, the theory of social learning attempts to explain the development and
practice of ultraistic behavior. According to Batson (1987), the argument assumes that the
expression of unselfish desire can be described by similar mechanisms used to explain any other
prosocial behavior in human. Philosophers tend to perceive situational and environmental
situations as the b...

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Good stuff. Would use again.

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