discussion question and research design, psychology homework

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-research design

-sampling technique

-threats to validity


-ethical issues

Leonard, K. E. & Senchak, M. (1996). Prospective prediction of husband marital aggression within newlywed couples. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 105, 369-380. 


Jan 14th, 2016

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1. This study prospectively examined a social interactional model of husband marital aggression.

\bung couples were assessed at the time of their 1st marriage with respect to marital conflict styles,

alcohol consumption, hostility, gender identity, perceived power inequity, and history of family violence.

Couples were reassessed at their 1-year anniversary, and information concerning marital aggression

was collected. Most of the constructs were prospectively related to husband aggression,

but these relationships were largely mediated through marital conflict styles and husband alcohol

consumption, which in turn were influenced by husband's hostility, gender identity, and perceived

power inequity.


Research over the past 20 years has documented that the

prevalence of marital aggression, considered both in terms of

lifetime and in a 1-year period, is far more common than previously

believed. For example, Straus, Gelles, and Steinmetz

(1980) used data collected from the 1975 National Violence

Survey and reported that the lifetime prevalence of marital aggression

was approximately 30%, with 15% reporting aggression

in the preceding year. Among general population samples,

the 1-year prevalence of husband-to-wife violence has been estimated

between 11% (Kennedy & Dutton, 1987) and 22%

(Meredith, Abbott, & Adams, 1986).


Over the past two decades, research examining wife abuse has

consistently suggested that patterns of husband heavy drinking

are associated with the occurrence or severity of marital violence.

Early research focused simply on the prevalence of problem

drinkers or alcoholics among the batterer population. Reviews

of this literature suggest that approximately 50% of husbands

of battered wives had alcohol problems (Hilberman &

Munson, 1978; Roy, 1982). Many of the methodologic problems

associated with this literature have been addressed in recent

years. This recent research has supported the basic conclusion

that excessive alcohol consumption is associated with marital

aggression (for reviews, see Hotaling & Sugarman, 1986;

Leonard, 1993; Leonard & Jacob, 1988). Although this association

continues to be supported in the research literature, explanations

of the processes underlying the relationship remain

controversial see Flanzer, 1993;Gelles, 1993)

4. participants, procedure, instrument

5. you cannot judge a human always by its aggressive behavior.

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Jan 14th, 2016

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Jan 15th, 2016

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