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1. This study prospectively examined a social interactional model of husband marital aggression.
\bung couples were assessed at the time of their 1st marriage with respect to marital conflict styles,
alcohol consumption, hostility, gender identity, perceived power inequity, and history of family violence.
Couples were reassessed at their 1-year anniversary, and information concerning marital aggression
was collected. Most of the constructs were prospectively related to husband aggression,
but these relationships were largely mediated through marital conflict styles and husband alcohol
consumption, which in turn were influenced by husband's hostility, gender identity, and perceived
Research over the past 20 years has documented that the
prevalence of marital aggression, considered both in terms of
lifetime and in a 1-year period, is far more common than previously
believed. For example, Straus, Gelles, and Steinmetz
(1980) used data collected from the 1975 National Violence
Survey and reported that the lifetime prevalence of marital aggression
was approximately 30%, with 15% reporting aggression
in the preceding year. Among general population samples,
the 1-year prevalence of husband-to-wife violence has been estimated
between 11% (Kennedy & Dutton, 1987) and 22%
(Meredith, Abbott, & Adams, 1986).
Over the past two decades, research examining wife abuse has
consistently suggested that patterns of husband heavy drinking
are associated with the occurrence or severity of marital violence.
Early research focused simply on the prevalence of problem
drinkers or alcoholics among the batterer population. Reviews
of this literature suggest that approximately 50% of husbands
of battered wives had alcohol problems (Hilberman &
Munson, 1978; Roy, 1982). Many of the methodologic problems
associated with this literature have been addressed in recent
years. This recent research has supported the basic conclusion
that excessive alcohol consumption is associated with marital
aggression (for reviews, see Hotaling & Sugarman, 1986;
Leonard, 1993; Leonard & Jacob, 1988). Although this association
continues to be supported in the research literature, explanations
of the processes underlying the relationship remain
controversial see Flanzer, 1993;Gelles, 1993)
4. participants, procedure, instrument
5. you cannot judge a human always by its aggressive behavior.Please let me know if you need any clarification. I'm always happy to answer your questions.
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