NRS 433 GCU Summary of Quantitative Studies Essay

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NRS 433

Grand Canyon University



Write a critical appraisal that demonstrates comprehension of two  quantitative research studies. Use the "Research Critique Guidelines –  Part II" document to organize your essay. Successful completion of this  assignment requires that you provide a rationale, include examples, and  reference content from the study in your responses.

Use the  practice problem and two quantitative, peer-reviewed research articles  you identified in the Topic 1 assignment to complete this assignment.

In  a 1,000–1,250 word essay, summarize two quantitative studies, explain  the ways in which the findings might be used in nursing practice, and  address ethical considerations associated with the conduct of the study.

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Jagbir Kaur NUR 433 07/02/19 Literature Evaluation Table Summary of Clinical Issue: A recent research by the CDC (Centers for Disease Control) demonstrates that in excess of five hundred thousand patients acquire C. diffs infections every year across the United States. Notably, C. difficile causes critical diarrhea and colon inflammation. In fact, CDC estimates that C. diffs is major cause of deaths with an estimated population of close to 20,000 directly caused deaths. Leffler & Lamont (2015) claim that unwarranted uptake of antibiotics among the patients is a major factor in spreading of the C. diffs infections particularly when the patients get transfers to different healthcare facilities. This paper identifies c. diffs infections across the United States as a major clinical problem since most of the infections occur within a clinical setup. According to Cooper, Jump & Chopra (2016), C. difficile is continually becoming resistant to the typical clinical procedures while influencing severe illnesses and somewhat unprecedented rate of transmission. Following the increased transmissions across the country in the recent years despite the increased efforts to eradicate the spread, C. diffs is the commonest pathogen associated with infections occurring within clinical settings within the United States. © 2019. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved. Dubberke et al. (2018) argue that C. diffs increase healthcare costs with nearly $5 billion every year for only acute healthcare institutions (Goldstein et al., 2015). Although people also acquire C. diffs in other environments other than the clinical settings, significant population of the c. diffs infections happen in clinical settings (Ong, Reidy, Huk, & Lane, 2017). Therefore, C. difficile is a clinical problem that demands a different approach and urgent measures to ensure the wellness and improved healthcare among the people of the U.S. PICOT Question: Considering all the C. Difficile infected patients (P), should limiting antibiotics’ prescriptions (I) in relation to establishing new nursing approaches (C) combat the spread of the virus (O) within 12 months (T)? Criteria APA-Formatted Article Citation with Permalink Article 1 Article 2 Dubberke, E. R., Reske, K. A., Article 3 Centers for Disease Control and Cooper, C. C., Jump, R. L., & Olsen, M. A., McDonald, Preventions (CDC). L. C., & Fraser, V. J. (2016). Vital signs: (2018). Short-and long- preventing Clostridium term attributable costs of difficile Chopra, T. (2016). Prevention of infection due to Clostridium 2 difficile. Infectious Clostridium difficile- infections. MMWR. Disease Clinics, 30(4), associated disease in Morbidity and mortality 999-1012. nonsurgical weekly report, 61(9), 157. inpatients. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 46(4), 497-504. How Does the Article Relate to the PICOT Question? Quantitative, Qualitative (How do you know?) Purpose Statement Research Question Outcome While the PICOT question The article discusses the costs This article examines the vital concerns the intervention of C. incurred on the treatment of signs towards prevention of C. Diffs, the article tells more of the C.Diffs infections and diffs infection while examining prevention of the c. diffs transmission of the infections the rate of transmission of c.diffs. infections This article is a qualitative study This article is a quantitative This article is a qualitative study because it used simple sample study because of its larger because it used simple sample and the number and the sample and the interpretation of the references results To understand the degree of To understand both short-term To understand the various signs infections caused by C. diffs and long-term costs imposed by among C. diffs victims for virus c. diffs infections prevention How would the changes in What are the costs that C.diffs How can an individual clearly nursing procedures impact on the contribute towards healthcare identify a C. diff patient? transmission levels delivery The study observed that The study established the costs of This article establishes unusual changing the nursing procedures treating C. diffs infection rose WBC counts, self-restricted 3 Setting (Where did the study take place?) Sample Method and reducing uptake of antibiotics reduces the infections of c. diffs The study was conducted in a clinical set up close to three times estimated at $7,500 by the close of 2017. This study used a sample size of 25 cases The convenience methodology was applied in the study The sample size in this study was This research used a sample size 105 cases of 20 persons. This research used a clustered This research uses the method in establishing the cost convenience sampling method dynamics in different facilities and circumstances. The study established that C. pseudomembranous colitis diffs has greatly increased the influenced by ballicus is a great costs of treating viral infections. threat to human health especially US government budgets about on C. diff infections $950 million on C.diff infections There should be improved Individuals should report strategies of ensuring quality immediately any suspicious cases healthcare. Individuals should of C.diffs especially with selfhave insurance covers restricted diarrhea Key Findings of the Study C. diffs virus has become resistant of the current intervention Recommendations of the Researcher There should be a change in the nursing procedures because of the resistance by the virus to the current interventions Criteria APA-Formatted Article Citation with Permalink The study was conducted in a clinical set up Article 4 Leffler, D. A., & Lamont, J. T. Article 5 Goldstein, E. J., Johnson, S., Maziade, P. J., McFarland, (2015). Clostridium diarrhea and fever, stomach pains and tachycardia as the commonest signs of C. diffs. The study was conducted in a clinical set up Article 6 Ong, G. K., Reidy, T. J., Huk, M. D., & Lane, F. R. (2017). L. V., Trick, W., Dresser, L., difficile infection. New Clostridium difficile ... & Low, D. E. (2015). 4 England Journal of Pathway to prevention of nosocomial Clostridium Medicine, 372(16), 1539- colitis. The American Journal of difficile infection. Clinical 1548. Surgery, 213(3), 565-571. Infectious Diseases, 60 (suppl_2), S148-S158 How Does the Article Relate to the PICOT Question? Quantitative, Qualitative (How do you know?) Purpose Statement Research Question Outcome Setting (Where did the study take place?) This article explicates the spread of the C. difficile infections The article demonstrates that the survey was a qualitative study To determine the rate of transmission of C. difficile in a clinical set up. What is the rate of c. difficile spread within clinical setups C.difficile spread faster in clinical setups than in the other setups Clinical setup The article informs the ways of preventing the nosocomial CDI as observed in a clinical setup A qualitative study as observed from the number and period the research in the references were conducted. To address the critical mortality and morbidity rates caused by C. difficile diarrhea. How is the nosocomial C. difficile causing deaths in compared to other infections Nosocomial CDI is the commonest cause of deaths associated with the CDI infections. Clinical set up 5 The study examines the impact of C. diff infection during a surgery. A quantitative study majorly because of the critical interpretation of the results. To establish the effects of diarrhea among C. diffs infected population while undergoing surgery. Does diarrhea reduce the chances of survival chances among the CDI patients while undergoing surgery Diarrhea decreases the survival chances among patients with CDI when undergoing surgery. In a surgery setting Sample Method The researchers used a sample size of 30 participants. Experimental method Key Findings of the Study Nearly every participants who had c. difficile had at least been in a clinical set up. Recommendations of the Researcher The current studies should consider different intervention mechanisms to avoid high rate of transmissions The sample size was 27 The sample size was 100 pqrtidi The researchers decided to use a descriptive method to adequately relate the high mortality rates to the nosocomial CDI. Nosocomial C. difficile which is normally self-restricted diarrhea the major cause of death caused by infection of c. difficile. There should be a change in intervention strategies to reduce the current rates of mortality and morbidity. The use of proton pump inhibitors The research employed both observation and descriptive methods 6 Self-restricting diarrhea is among the worst conditions and symptoms among all the CDI patients. The researchers recommends that physicians should reduce the risk by using inhibitors among the C. diffs patients. Research Critique Guidelines – Part II Use this document to organize your essay. Successful completion of this assignment requires that you provide a rationale, include examples, and reference content from the studies in your responses. Quantitative Studies Background 1. Summary of studies. Include problem, significance to nursing, purpose, objective, and research question. How do these two articles support the nurse practice issue you chose? 1. Discuss how these two articles will be used to answer your PICOT question. 2. Describe how the interventions and comparison groups in the articles compare to those identified in your PICOT question. Method of Study: 1. State the methods of the two articles you are comparing and describe how they are different. 2. Consider the methods you identified in your chosen articles and state one benefit and one limitation of each method. Results of Study 1. Summarize the key findings of each study in one or two comprehensive paragraphs. 2. What are the implications of the two studies you chose in nursing practice? Outcomes Comparison 1. What are the anticipated outcomes for your PICOT question? 2. How do the outcomes of your chosen articles compare to your anticipated outcomes? © 2019. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.
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Topic: Summary of Quantitative Studies
Thesis: This summary compares the aspects of research and findings from the studies in relation
to the nursing practice
➢ Background
➢ How the Articles Support and Compare to the PICOT question
➢ Methods of Study
➢ Results of Study
➢ Outcome Comparison

Running head: NURSING


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Summary of Quantitative Studies
The research by Dubberke et al. (2018) investigates the short-term and long-term costs
brought by C.diff infections posing questions on the costs incurred towards the delivery of
healthcare. The study was motivated by the increasing incidents of diseases associated with
Clostridium difficile. The infections are said to be the most contributors of hospital-acquired
diarrhea and the proportion of hospital discharges prone to CDAD had increased between the
year 2000 and 2003. The purpose of the research is to quantify the magnitude of the CDAD in a
hospital setting and call the health fraternity to action with the aim of reducing the effects of
antibiotics on the patients (Dubberke et al., 2018). This research is useful in nursing as nurses
can regulate the administration of antibiotics on certain patients with the goal of preventing
possible C.difficile infection. The research by Ong et al. (2018) establishes the effects of diarrhea
among C. diffs infected population during surgery. This particular study seeks to answer the
question of whether diarrhea reduces survival chances among CDI patients after surgery (Ong et
al., 2018)...

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