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* Note: You need to write culture or identity of Chinese.

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Writing  Project  2:  Ethnography           Background  and  Overview       For  Writing  Project  1,  you  examined  a  ritual,  practice,  behavior,  or  habit  (what  we  will  generically  refer   to  as  a  “cultural  phenomenon”)  in  your  personal  life  to  better  understand  your  cultural  identity,  relying   on  the  conventions  of  autoethnography  to  write  about  it  from  a  first-­‐person  perspective.  In  many  ways,   you  crafted  a  narrative  (or  story)  that  explained  how  and  why  this  cultural  phenomenon  defined  who   you  are  as  an  individual.       For  Writing  Project  2,  we  are  going  to  ask  you  to  look  beyond  your  own  identity  to  the  identity  of  a   larger  cultural  group  or  community  to  which  you  belong.  We  are  all  a  part  of  multiple,  different,   sometimes  even  contradictory  cultural  groups  or  communities:  through  our  families,  we  might  be   connected  to  a  specific  ethnic  or  racial  community;  our  religion  might  connect  us  to  another  community;   the  music  we  listen  to  might  connect  us  to  another  group;  sports  activities  might  connect  us  to  yet   another  community.  This  assignment  asks  you  to  choose  one  of  these  groups  or  communities  to  which   you  belong  and  to  investigate  it.     You  will  investigate  this  group  or  community  in  order  to  inform  others  about  what  these  cultural   phenomena  suggest  about  the  community  and  its  values,  beliefs,  and  practices.  This  will  give  you  and   your  readers  greater  insight  into  how  the  group  or  community  understands  and  defines  its  own  identity.   As  an  insider,  you  may  think  you  already  know  your  community  well.  However,  one  of  the  goals  of  the   project  is  to  challenge  your  own  preconceptions  and  reflect  more  deeply  on  what  defines  this  group.  To   this  end,  you  will  engage  in  research  as  a  participant-­‐observer,  meaning  you  will  engage  in  primary   research—interviews,  observations,  and  field  notes—to  understand  this  cultural  phenomenon  from  the   inside  out.       Requirements  and  Deliverables       1. In  your  essay,  you  should  include  a  narrative  structure  that  tells  the  story  of  how  you   conducted  your  research.       2. You  should  summarize,  explain,  and  discuss    the  results  of  your  close,  detailed  observations  and   field  notes  in  a  way  that  is  understandable  to  your  readers.       3. You  should  also  summarize,  explain,  and  discuss  the  results  of  your  interview(s).       4. Drawing  upon  your  observations,  field  notes,  and  interview  materials,  your  essay  should   present  your  reflections  and  insights  on  the  community  or  group  you  have  researched.  Your   primary  insight  should  derive  from  your  synthesis  of  the  data  you  have  accumulated:  your   observations,  field  notes,  and  interview  materials.  You  should  discuss  this  material  at  length,   explaining  how  it  supports  or  frames  your  insight,  what  it  suggests  about  the  role  of  specific  beliefs,   values,  and  practices  in  defining  the  community,  and  drawing  conclusions  about  why  and  how  the   community  defines  itself.     5. Your  essay  should  be  organized  in  such  a  way  that  a  reader  can  follow  your  thinking  and   reasoning  from  paragraph  to  paragraph  and  within  each  paragraph.  Your  primary  insight  should   help  to  structure  the  essay  for  the  reader.     6.      You  should  include  2-­‐3  multimodal  elements  such  as  photographs  (of  the  people,  sites,   activities,  and  artifacts  that  you  have  researched),  hyperlinks  to  relevant  materials,  clips  of  audio  or   video  from  recorded  interviews,  and  so  forth.  You  must  make  sure  that  your  reader  understands   why  you  are  including  these  elements  and  why  including  them  enriches  your  piece  of  writing.   Consider  what  media  beyond  text  might  reinforce  your  main  idea  to  readers,  convey  in  another   way  the  significance  of  your  autoethnography,  and/or  appeal  to  your  readers  from  a  different   register.       7. Your  completed  essay  should  have  a  title  and  be  approximately  1700  words  in  length.         Project  Submission       ●   Rough  Draft:  Your  rough  draft  will  be  submitted  for  peer  review  and  to  your  e-­‐portfolio.   ●   Revised  Draft:  Your  revised  draft  should  be  uploaded  to  your  e-­‐portfolio.       Tips       ●   Get  started  early.   ●   Review  this  week’s  materials  and  discussions.   ●   Set  a  writing/research  schedule  and  stick  to  it.         Writing  Project  #2  –  Ethnography  (Levels  of  Achievement)   Writing  Project  #2:  Ethnography  Assessment  Rubric   1  =  poor,  2  =  fair,  3  =  satisfactory,  4  =  good,  5  =  excellent         Criteria   1   2   3   4   5   Includes  a  narrative  structure  that  tells  the  story  of  how   the  writer  conducted  their  research.   Outcomes:  Rhetorical  Knowledge;  Critical  Thinking,   Reading,  and  Composing;  Processes     ☐   ☐   ☐   ☐   ☐     Includes  summary,  explanation,  and  discussion  of  the   results  of  observations  and  field  notes  in  ways  that  are   understandable  to  readers.   Outcomes:  Rhetorical  Knowledge;  Critical  Thinking,   Reading,  and  Composing;  Processes   ☐   ☐   ☐   ☐   ☐     Includes  summary,  explanation,  and  discussion  of  the   results  from  the  writer’s  interview(s)  in  ways  that  are   understandable  to  readers.   Outcomes:  Rhetorical  Knowledge;    Critical  Thinking,   Reading,  and  Composing;  Processes   ☐   ☐   ☐   ☐   ☐     Draws  upon  observation,  field  notes,  and  interview   materials  to  present  the  writer’s  reflections  and   insights  on  the  community  or  group  the  writer   researched.  The  primary  insight  is  derived  from  the   synthesis  of  the  writer’s  research,  reflections,  and   insights.   Outcomes:    Rhetorical  Knowledge;    Critical  Thinking,   Reading,  and  Composing;  Processes   ☐   ☐   ☐   ☐   ☐     Organizes  the  essay  with  the  reader  in  mind  by  using   structured  paragraphs  and  by  building  to  a  primary   insight.   Outcomes:  Rhetorical  Knowledge;  Critical  Thinking,   Reading,  and  Composing;  Processes;  Knowledge  of   Conventions   ☐   ☐   ☐   ☐   ☐     Meaningfully  incorporates  2-­‐3  multimodal  elements.   Outcomes:  Rhetorical  Knowledge;  Processes   ☐   ☐   ☐   ☐   ☐         Overall           ☐       ☐     ☐     ☐   Comments     ☐     Writing  Project  #2  –  Ethnography  (Levels  of  Achievement)             Criterion:  Use  of  Narrative  Structure   Includes  a  narrative  structure  that  tells  the  story   of  how  the  writer  conducted  their  research.   Outcomes:  Rhetorical  Knowledge;  Critical   Thinking,  Reading,  and  Composing;  Processes       5:  excellent   1   2   3   4   5   ☐   ☐   ☐   ☐   ☐   Comments     ●   the  narrative  structure  of  the  writer’s  research  is  always  clear  to  the  reader   4:  good   ●   the  narrative  structure  of  the  writer’s  research  is  almost  always  clear  to  the   reader   3:  satisfactory   ●   the  narrative  structure  of  the  writer’s  research  is  sometimes  clear  to  the   reader   2:  fair   ●   the  narrative  structure  of  the  writer’s  research  is  rarely  clear  to  the  reader   1:  needs  significant   work         ●   the  narrative  structure  of  the  writer’s  research  is  not  clear  to  the  reader   Criteria:  Use  of  Observational  Data   Includes  a  narrative  structure  that  tells  the  story  of  how   the  writer  conducted  their  research.   Outcomes:  Rhetorical  Knowledge;  Critical  Thinking,   Reading,  and  Composing;  Processes       5:  excellent   4:  good   3:  satisfactory   2:  fair   1:  needs  significant   work   1   2   3   4   5   ☐   ☐   ☐   ☐   ☐   Comments     ●   includes  summary,  explanation,  and  discussion  of  the  results  of   observations  and  field  notes  in  ways  that  are  always  understandable  to   readers   ●    includes  summary,  explanation,  and  discussion  of  the  results  of   observations  and  field  notes  in  ways  that  are  almost  always  understandable   to  readers   ●   includes  summary,  explanation,  and  discussion  of  the  results  of   observations  and  field  notes  in  ways  that  are  sometimes  understandable  to   readers   ●   includes  summary,  explanation,  and  discussion  of  the  results  of   observations  and  field  notes  in  ways  that  are  rarely  understandable  to   readers   ●   does  not  included  summary,  explanation,  and  discussion  of  the  results  of   observations  and  field  notes   Writing  Project  #2  –  Ethnography  (Levels  of  Achievement)         Criteria:  Use  of  Interview  Data   Includes  summary,  explanation,  and  discussion  of   the  results  from  the  writer’s  interview(s)  in  ways   that  are  understandable  to  readers.   Outcomes:  Rhetorical  Knowledge;    Critical   Thinking,  Reading,  and  Composing;  Processes     5:  excellent   4:  good   3:  satisfactory   2:  fair   1:  needs  significant   work                                               1   2   3   4   5   ☐   ☐   ☐   ☐   ☐   Comments     ●   includes  summary,  explanation,  and  discussion  of  the  results  from  the   writer’s  interview(s)  in  ways  that  are  always  understandable  to  readers   ●    includes  summary,  explanation,  and  discussion  of  the  results  from  the   writer’s  interview(s)  in    ways  that  are  almost  always  understandable  to   readers   ●    includes  summary,  explanation,  and  discussion  of  the  results  from  the   writer’s  interview(s)  in    ways  that  are  sometimes  understandable  to   readers   ●    includes  summary,  explanation,  and  discussion  of  the  results  from  the   writer’s  interview(s)  in  ways  that  are  rarely  understandable  to  readers   ●   does  not  include  summary,  explanation,  and  discussion  of  the  results  from   the  writer’s  interview(s)   Writing  Project  #2  –  Ethnography  (Levels  of  Achievement)           Criteria   Draws  upon  observation,  field  notes,  and   interview  materials  to  present  the  writer’s   reflections  and  insights  on  the  community  or   group  the  writer  researched.  The  primary  insight  is   derived  from  the  synthesis  of  the  writer’s   research,  reflections,  and  insights.   1   2   3   4   5   ☐   ☐   ☐   ☐   ☐   Comments     Outcomes:    Rhetorical  Knowledge;    Critical  Thinking,   Reading,  and  Composing;  Processes     5:  excellent   4:  good   3:  satisfactory   2:  fair   1:  needs  significant   work               ●   makes  many  connections  from  observation,  field  notes,  and  interview   materials  to  the  writer’s  reflections  and  insights  on  the  community  or  group   the  writer  researched   ●   it  is  clear  how  the  primary  insight  is  derived  from  the  synthesis  of  the   writer’s  research,  reflections,  and  insights   ●    makes  some  connections  from  observation,  field  notes,  and  interview   materials  to  the  writer’s  reflections  and  insights  on  the  community  or  group   the  writer  researched   ●   it  is  mostly  clear  how  the  primary  insight  is  derived  from  the  synthesis  of   the  writer’s  research,  reflections,  and  insights   ●   makes  few  connections  from  observation,  field  notes,  and  interview   materials  to  the  writer’s  reflections  and  insights  on  the  community  or  group   the  writer  researched   ●   it  is  somewhat  clear  how  the  primary  insight  is  derived  from  the  synthesis   of  the  writer’s  research,  reflections,  and  insights   ●   makes  very  few  connections  from  observation,  field  notes,  and  interview   materials  to  the  writer’s  reflections  and  insights  on  the  community  or  group   the  writer  researched   ●   it  is  ambiguous  how  the  primary  insight  is  directly  derived  from  the   synthesis  of  the  writer’s  research,  reflections,  and  insights   ●   makes  no  connections  from  observation,  field  notes,  and  interview   materials  to  the  writer’s  reflections  and  insights  on  the  community  or  group   the  writer  researched   ●   the  primary  insight  is  not  derived  from  the  synthesis  of  the  writer’s   research,  reflections,  and  insights   Writing  Project  #2  –  Ethnography  (Levels  of  Achievement)               Criteria:  Use  of  Organization   Organizes  the  essay  with  the  reader  in  mind  by   using  structured  paragraphs  and  by  building  to  a   primary  insight.   Outcomes:  Rhetorical  Knowledge;  Critical   Thinking,  Reading,  and  Composing;  Processes;   Knowledge  of  Conventions     5:  excellent   4:  good   3:  satisfactory   2:  fair   1:  needs  significant   work                       1   2   3   4   5   ☐   ☐   ☐   ☐   ☐   Comments     ●   includes  a  clear  primary  insight  that  directly  structures  the  paper’s  content   ●   paragraphs  always  stay  on  topic  and  never  change  main  ideas   ●   the  audience  can  follow  the  paper’s  organization  with  no  difficulty   ●   includes  a  mostly  clear  primary  insight  that  generally  structures  the  paper’s   content   ●   paragraphs  almost  always  stay  on  topic  and  almost  never  change  main   ideas   ●   the  audience  can  follow  the  paper’s  organization  with  little  difficulty   ●   includes  a  somewhat  ambiguous  primary  insight  that  structures  the  paper’s   content  with  a  few  deviations       ●   paragraphs  sometimes  stay  on  topic  and  sometimes  change  main  ideas   ●   the  audience  can  follow  the  paper’s  organization  with  some  difficulty   ●   includes  an  ambiguous  primary  insight  that  structures  the  paper’s  content   with  some  deviations     ●   paragraphs  rarely  stay  on  topi ...
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School: Cornell University

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Ethnographic Studies of Chinese Culture
Course’s Name
Student’s Name
Professor’s Name
Due Date




Ethnographic Studies of Chinese Culture
In order to conduct many valuable ethnographic studies among Chinese culture,
we have indeed undergone a long narrative story. The method we used to conduct our
research is to obtain information and knowledge of Chinese culture from various,
constructed, and holistic point of view, a technique steady with social constructionism
required. A couple of scientists have called attention to that methodological work inserted
in the social constructionist worldview. Ethnographic studies, in this manner, will be
applied in this exploration. Consolidating the ethnographic study and social
constructionist demand includes both of the ethnographic interviews and composing the
text (Fetterman, 2005). The ethnographic study concentrates on how Chinese families
build their importance of the world through social collaboration inside the family and
with the researchers. Composing the ethnographic content enables the scientist to have a
detailed explanation of how Chinese families express and have their social systems of
importance reflected when living in a nation not similar to their homeland in Southeast
The first step was that Chinese families were able to receive their consent letters
after these families said that they were happy to take part in the ethnographic researches.
The family was met by the ethnographer with a group of partners seeing behind the oneway mirror. The next step was that we took a statistical sample data for ethnographic
studies on Chinese culture which included all of the followings. There were slightly more
than 300 adults not including single ones, and there were more than 70 couples in total.
Eleven of the couples (15.71%) had either staying at home or a spouse who could be an
instructor with another spouse working in the United States universities. For nine couples



(12.86%), either the wife, husband or both could be used. For thirty-four of the couples
(48.57%), the spouse was learning at the college. For the remaining couples (22.86%),
the husband was not graduated and the wife could work off-campus. There were more

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Thanks, good work

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