Running Head: UNDERSTANDING GERD
What is GERD?
GERD, or Gastroesophageal reflux disease, is a condition which is common and affects
up to 1 out of 5 adult women and men in the American population (Chandrasoma, 2017). The
disease also affects children. The condition's symptoms are usually misunderstood, although it is
generally a disease that is treatable. However, if not identified and treated early enough, serious
complications can happen. The disease manifests when stomach acid frequently flows back into
the tube, which connects the stomach to the mouth. The esophagus can also be called the food
pipe or the gullet. It is the tube that transports food to the stomach from the mouth. This acid
reflux, or backwash, can irritate the lining of the esophagus. The acid in the esophagus brings
about various symptoms such as heartburn, and can likewise result in tissue damage (Mitlyng &
Ganz, 2012). A significant number of people can manage the development of GERD with overthe-counter medications or a change in lifestyle. However, a few people with GERD may need to
undergo surgery or purchase stronger medications to ease symptoms.
Causes of GERD
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) has no known single cause. It develops when
the defenses in the esophagus are overpowered by the gastric contents that reflux into the throat.
This occurrence can cause tissue damage. GERD can likewise develop without damage to the
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