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Question Description

write your final research topic paper, this paper must follow the preceding format as far as section headings.

Abstract*

Introduction*

Background

Literature Review*

Findings*

Conclusion*

Summary

Future Research Recommendation

This final paper should be 10 pages for the content, not counting the title page or the reference page. You should have no less than five peer reviewed references to support this research paper.

•Written communication: Written communication is free of errors that detract from the overall message.
•APA formatting: Resources and citations are formatted according to APA (6th edition) style and formatting.
•Length of paper: typed, double-spaced pages with no less than 10 pages.
•Font and font size: Times New Roman, 12 point.


I've already started the paper just need more details added to each section to reach the page length requirement.

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Running Head: SOURCE SELECTION IN GOVERNMENT CONTRACTING Source Selection in Government Contracting Marshae Wiggins American Military University Professor Charles Nichols July 28, 2019 1 SOURCE SELECTION 2 Source Selection in Government Contracting Abstract Source selection is a process preformed to determine which organization will be awarded a contract. This process is dictated by laws and regulations that aims to protect the best interest of the government. The Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) part 15- Contracting by Negotiation is regularly used to reference the action permitted or prohibited while conducting a source selection. The purpose of source selection is to develops a solicitation that qualified offerors are able to submit a proposal with the anticipation of being awarded a contract. The selection process begins with the assigning of an contracting officer as the source selection authority (SSA), who assumes the responsible to establish an evaluation team, advertise the request for proposal, act as the point of contract (POC) for interested offerors, and at the end awards the contract to the offeror who presents a proposal with the best value. To kickstart the selection process a request for proposal (RFP) is developed and presented to interested parties, within the RFP the evaluation criteria is provided, based off these standards a proposal is selected and the offeror is awarded the contract. The RFP also states the type of source selection method that particular contract will be using to the three different types are simplified acquisition, sealed bidding, and negotiated source selection. Once all proposals are in, the SSA will review and determine which proposal they feel meets the criteria and presents as an overall best value for the specific contract. The source selection process can be very extensive, to ensure that no unnecessary time is wasted, all parties involved should be aware of how the process is intended to work, preventing the act of filing a protest. A protest is a compliant made about the source selection, indicating that the offeror feels that the process was in some way unfair. SOURCE SELECTION 3 Introduction Source selection initiates the contract award process by determining which company presents the best value to meet the government needs. Each government agency will designate a contracting officer to act as the source selection authority, their responsibilities ranges from establishing an evaluation team to acting as the point of contract (POC) for offerors. There are three types of source selections methods; simplified acquisition, sealed bidding, and negotiated source selection that the government can utilize when beginning the process. Evaluation factors that contribute to the source selection process are cost, technical considerations, management considerations, past performance, and the basis of award. It is imperative that both the government and sellers have a proper understanding of the source selection process to eliminate delays and protest. Literature Review Source selection is a key phase in the pre-award contract process, with the purpose of selecting the proposal that provides the best value, it also illustrates how a proposal is to be solicited and evaluated. When a government agency begins the source selection process for a new pre-award procurement, a contracting officer is assigned to oversee the process as the source selection authority (SSA). The SSA will form an evaluation team, tailoring each position on the team to the specific needs of the contract being handled. They are also responsible for approving the source selection approach prior to releasing the solicitation, ensuring that evaluation process is performed only considering factors identified in the solicitation, acting as the POC for any offerors whom may have inquiries about the solicitation, and awarding the contract to the offeror with the best proposal. The first action preformed is for the federal government agency to develop a request for proposal (RFP), in this is “included the statement of work (SOW), contract type, evaluation factors, proposal preparation instructions and also states which source selection method that will be use,” SOURCE SELECTION 4 (Rumbaugh, 2015). The RFP should be as detailed and clearly defined as possible leaving no room for misinterpretation. The purpose for developing a RFP is to encourage competition between offerors, guaranteeing that you receive the best price, it also creates a record for fairness and compliance with laws and regulations. FAR Part 15.101 Best value continuum The three types of source selections methods that the government can decide to use when figuring how to execute the source selection process are simplified acquisition, sealed bidding, and negotiated source selection. Simplified acquisition is chosen when contracts are less complex and less costly. This method is “conducted at or below a state dollar threshold, the basis of awarding a simplified contract is to typically obtain required and well-defined supplies or services in a timely manner, and at a fair and reasonable price” (National Contract Management Association, 2017). Sealed bidding focuses on using price related factors, specified in the RFP, the lowest price provided by offerors will win the contract. The offeror has to be deemed a responsible bidder provided that they have suitable financial resources, have the ability to meet delivery schedules, have an exceptional record of integrity, be qualified to receive awards indicated through laws and regulations, etc. Negotiated source selection is dependent on the acquisition type. The process is more formal and requires more work pass just conducting a negotiation between the government and a offeror. This method does require participation from numerous groups such as; a cost panel, a past performance panel, a security panel, and an advisor’s panel, etc. The next action is to write the evaluation criteria, the award decision is determined by the evaluation factors identified in the RFP. Each criteria should be measurable and reasonable, “supporting meaningful comparison and discrimination between and among competing proposals” (15.304 Evaluation factors and significant subfactors, 2019). Evaluation factors are SOURCE SELECTION 5 uniquely tailored to accommodate each contract being awarded, these factors determine the key areas of importance in the source selection process. With every source selection process that occurs the cost will be evaluated, “solicitation shall also state, at a minimum, whether all evaluation factors other than cost or price, when combined, are, (1) Significantly more important than cost or price; (2) Approximately equal to cost or price; or (3) Significantly less important than cost or price” (15.304 Evaluation factors and significant subfactors, 2019). Technical consideration deals with how well and offeror understands the RFP requirements and how effective their proposal would be accomplishing the acquisition needs. Management considerations reviews how the offeror plans to manage the contract requirements, focusing on the management capabilities and project schedule management. Past performance takes into account how an offeror has handled projects similar to the one at hand. An assessment of each proposal is preformed and the best offeror is awarded the contract. A contracting officer will as act the SSA, assumes the responsibility to develop a proposal preparation instructions (PPI), this identifies how offerors are required to submit their proposals. After receiving proposal submissions, the contacting officer reviews them ensuring that each proposal meets the required PPI. The SSA’s decision shall be based on a comparative assessment of proposals against all source selection criteria in the solicitation. While the SSA may use reports and analyses prepared by others, the source selection decision shall represent the SSA’s independent judgment. The source selection decision shall be documented, and the documentation shall include the rationale for any business judgments and tradeoffs made or relied on by the SSA, including benefits associated with additional costs. Although the rationale for the selection decision must be documented, that documentation need not quantify the tradeoffs that led to the decision. SOURCE SELECTION 6 A protest is a formal contest by an offeror against the source selection process, and can occur before or after the awarding of a contract. There are time constraints when filing a protest, if a offeror choses to file pre-award, this should be done prior to submitting a proposal. Protest that are commonly used in the pre-award phase are; restrictive requirements, ambiguous or incomplete requirements, unfair evaluation requirements. While protest used in a post-award issue are; unreasonable best value analysis, unequal treatment, and failure to conduct meaningful discussions. Restrictive requirements is when a offeror claims restrictive and limits competition. Ambiguous or incomplete requirements is a claim made by an offeror that the SOW is incomplete and that it creates confusion on the requirements to be performed. Unfair evaluation requirements is a claim by the offeror that the evaluation criteria were unreasonable, unfair, or inappropriate. Unreasonable best value analysis are the claims by an offeror that the best value practice was flawed in a material way. Unequal treatment are claims that an offeror has received special treatments over other offerors, preventing the offeror from competing effectively. Failure to conduct meaningful discussions is a claim that the offeror was not ability to engage in meaningful discussions, preventing them from submitting a competitive revised proposal. There are three-levels in which a protest can be filed: the agency, the Government Accountability Office, and the U.S. Court of Federal Claims. Both the government and seller should be familiar with protest issues, in order to prevent problems. Findings The source selection process is the first step in the contracting award process, and can be single handed lengthy to ensure that there are no delays or protest that arise during the contracting process. There are three source selection methods that a contracting officer can choice from SOURCE SELECTION 7 when developing a PPI. The evaluation factors that are used to award a contract can be tailored to meet the specific requirements designed the contracting officer. Each proposal is rated on a scale ranging from “Outstanding” to “Unacceptable”. Commonly used protest issues used by an offeror is ambiguous; claiming that the criteria identified for the evaluation are flawed. Conclusion The awarding of a contract to a company begins with the source selection process. after designating a contracting officer to be the source selection authority, they assume the responsibility of selection a company to award the contract. Simplified acquisition, sealed bidding, and negotiated source selection are the three types of source selections that the government can use to determine which offerors proposal will be selected. While cost will always be evaluated during the source selection process, technical considerations, management considerations, past performance, and the basis of award are also other factors that the contracting officer may take into consideration. An offeror can protest a contract prior to the awarding has occurred and after the contract has been awarded. To prevent protest from occurring both government agencies and sellers should be aware of how the source selection process works. SOURCE SELECTION 8 Reference 15.304 Evaluation factors and significant subfactors. (2019). In Acquisition G. Retrieved from https://acquisition.gov/content/15304-evaluation-factors-and-significant-subfactors# National Contract Management Association . (2017). Contract Management Body of Knowledge (CMBOK) (5th ed., pp. 176-186). N.p: National Contract Management Association. Rumbaugh, M. (2015). WHY DOES SOURCE SELECTION TAKE SO LONG? Contract Management, 55(11), 10–18. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1781213616/ ...
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Tutor Answer

NicholasI
School: Carnegie Mellon University

Hello, kindly find the attached completed work. Thank You

This paper is written in the following format;


Abstract



Introduction



Background



Literature Review



Findings



Conclusion



Summary



Future Research Recommendation


Running Head: SOURCE SELECTION IN GOVERNMENT CONTRACTING

Source Selection in Government Contracting
Marshae Wiggins
American Military University
Professor Charles Nichols
July 28, 2019

1

SOURCE SELECTION

2
Source Selection in Government Contracting

Abstract
Source selection is a process performed to determine which organization will be awarded
a contract. This process is dictated by laws and regulations that aim to protect the best interest of
the government. The Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) part 15- Contracting by Negotiation
is regularly used to reference the action permitted or prohibited while conducting a source
selection. The purpose of source selection is to develops a solicitation that qualified offerors are
able to submit a proposal with the anticipation of being awarded a contract. The selection process
begins with the assigning of an contracting officer as the source selection authority (SSA), who
assumes the responsible to establish an evaluation team, advertise the request for proposal, act as
the point of contract (POC) for interested offerors, and at the end awards the contract to the
offeror who presents a proposal with the best value. To kickstart the selection process a request
for proposal (RFP) is developed and presented to interested parties, within the RFP the
evaluation criteria is provided, based off these standards a proposal is selected and the offeror is
awarded the contract. The RFP also states the type of source selection method that particular
contract will be using to the three different types are simplified acquisition, sealed bidding, and
negotiated source selection. Once all proposals are in, the SSA will review and determine which
proposal they feel meets the criteria and presents as an overall best value for the specific
contract. The source selection process can be very extensive, to ensure that no unnecessary time
is wasted, all parties involved should be aware of how the process is intended to work,
preventing the act of filing a protest. A protest is a complaint made about the source selection,
indicating that the offeror feels that the process was in some way unfair.

SOURCE SELECTION

3

Introduction
The government of the day will always have projects that it needs to be completed and
this is not the most complicated part of its day to day running. Things get complex whenever it
tries to allocate these responsibilities and it is at this point that it has to make good use of a
number of mechanisms. One of the very mechanisms that the government uses is what is referred
to as source selection.
By simple definition, Source selection initiates the contract award process by determining
which company presents the best value to meet the government needs. To be elaborate and even
more precise, each government agency will designate a contracting officer to act as the source
selection authority, their responsibilities range from establishing an evaluation team to acting as
the point of contract (POC) for offerors.
It is very important to highlight the fact that through these contracting officers, it then
becomes possible and even easier to get the work done in a more efficient and effective manner.
By so doing, then the work done is appreciated by all the relevant parties which are the
government and the contractors.
Speaking of source selection methods, it is very important to underline the fact that there
are three types of source selections methods; simplified acquisition, sealed bidding, and
negotiated source selection that the government can utilize when beginning the process.
Evaluation factors that contribute to the source selection process are cost, technical
consi...

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awesome work thanks

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