1. The stated purpose of the author's proposal is to ____
A. Make poor children beneficial rather than burdensome
B. Make poor children aware of the benefits provided to them by their parents
C. Make the public aware of the burdens caused by poor children
D. Make poor children burdensome rather than beneficial.
2. Which of the following is one consequence the author links to the presence of so many poor children in Ireland?
A. There is a dangerously unstable political climate in the country.
B. Crime levels increase in the country
C. There is a lower literacy rate in rural areas of the country.
D. Levels of service for elderly citizens decrease in the country.
3. The author writes that whoever develops a plan to make children useful should ''have his statue set up for a preserver of the nation.'' This means that the person who solves this problem deserves _____
A. To be elected to public office
B. To be shamed and vilified
C. To receive fame and admiration
D. To study how to make sculptures
4. What does the author think of the ''schemes'' of others who have tried to address the problems caused by poor children in Ireland?
A. He believes these plans have many mistakes.
b. He thinks these plans are hilarious.
C. He respects and admires these plans.
D. He fears that these schemes place children in danger
and this is the paragraph
from A Modest Proposal
by Jonathan Swift
FOR PREVENTING THE CHILDREN OF POOR PEOPLE IN IRELAND FROM BEING A
BURDEN TO THEIR PARENTS OR COUNTRY, AND FOR MAKING THEM BENEFICIAL TO
It is a melancholy object to those who walk through this great town or travel in the country,
when they see the streets, the roads, and cabin doors, crowded with beggars of the female
sex, followed by three, four, or six children, all in rags and importuning every passenger for an
alms. These mothers, instead of being able to work for their honest livelihood, are forced to
employ all their time in strolling to beg sustenance for their helpless infants: who as they grow
up either turn thieves for want of work, or leave their dear native country to fight for the
Pretender in Spain, or sell themselves to the Barbadoes.
I think it is agreed by all parties that this prodigious number of children in the arms, or on the
backs, or at the heels of their mothers, and frequently of their fathers, is in the present
deplorable state of the kingdom a very great additional grievance; and, therefore, whoever
could find out a fair, cheap, and easy method of making these children sound, useful members
of the commonwealth, would deserve so well of the public as to have his statue set up for a
preserver of the nation.
But my intention is very far from being confinedto provide only for the children of professed
beggars; it is of a much greater extent, and shall take in the whole number of infants at a
certain age who are born of parents in effect as little able to support them as those who
demand our charity in the streets.
As to my own part, having turned my thoughts formany years upon this important subject,
and maturely weighed the several schemes of other projectors, I have always found them
grossly mistaken in the computation