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1.) Which of the following is a reflection of the Anglo-Saxon traditions? a. Beowulf’s elaborate armor. b. Wilgaf’s inability to defeat the dragon. c. Beowulf’s bestowal of great gifts on Wilgaf. d. The departure of Beowulf’s men when it appeared he was losing the battle with the dragon 2.) Why is it important to Beowulf’s image as an epic hero that he face Grendel without a weapon? a. Grendel is the embodiment of evil and evil does not fight with a weapon. b. By giving up his sword, Beowulf showed both superior strength and superior ethics as he made the fight more even. c. Beowulf couldn’t use a sword because he was confused, which demonstrated his ability to overcome mental challenges. d. Beowulf had to fight with his hands because he didn’t have a weapon. 3.) Which of the following prefixes DID NOT originate in Anglo-Saxon? a. mis- meaning badly; not; wrongly b. over- meaning not reverse of c. eco- meaning earth d. be- meaning about or around 4.) “Burst from the barrow/Blazing” is an example of: a. kenning b. alliteration c. metaphor d. simile 5.) Which of the following is an example of a kenning? a. Whale-road for sea b. Hot knife for melting c. Betty bubbles brought bananas d. None of the above 6.) The relationship between Gilgamesh and Enkidu can best be described as a. Father and son who can’t communicate with each other. b. Brothers who are very close. c. Very effective in battle, but not in everyday relationships. d. A friendship destroyed by jealousy. 7.) “He swooped like a soaring eagle/launching down from the dark clouds to earth to snatch some helpless lamb or trembling hare” is an example of: a. personification b. epic simile c. hubris d. metaphor 8.) The best example of a Romance Hero is: a. Beowulf b. Gilgamesh c. The Wife of Bath d. Arthur 9.) After the rioters in “The Pardoner’s Tale” abandon their search for Death, they murder one another. This is an example of: a. Dramatic irony b. Situational irony c. Verbal irony d. Poetic irony 10.) “Please don’t be offended at my views; They’re really only offered to amuse” when said by the Wife of Bath is an example of: a. metaphor b. hyperbole c. verbal irony d. situational irony 11.) All of the following are characteristics of frame stories EXCEPT: a. They are often collections of folklore. b. They are unified by a common element. c. Chaucer’s The Canterbury Tales is the first example of a frame story. d. They extol the virtues of story telling. 12.) Which of the following characteristics was true of romance heroes, but not necessarily true of epic heroes? a. Embodies the society’s values from which they came b. Comes from mysterious origins c. Fights to defeat evil forces d. Is an archetypal character 13.) Chivalry did all of the following EXCEPT a. Encourage loyalty of knights to the overlord. b. Require observance of certain rules of warfare such as never attacking an unarmed opponent. c. Idealize an attitude toward women without actually improving their position. d. Encourage physical love between men and women. 14.) The monster-slaying archetype can be found in all of the following EXCEPT: a. Beowulf b. “The Third Voyage of Sinbad the Sailor” c. Gilgamesh d. “Federigo’s Falcon” 15.) The Canterbury Tales was originally written in: a. Old English, blank verse b. Modern English prose c. Middle English rhyming couplets d. Modern English with varying rhyme and meter 16.) All of the following are characteristics of humanism except: a. It took its name from the study of humanities. b. It combines Christian and classical traditions. c. It involved the decline of the Catholic Church. d. The printing press greatly aided in its development as more people had access to books. 17.) Which of the following lines best demonstrates the tone of “The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd” by Sir Walter Raleigh? a. “The flowers do fade, and wanton fields/To wayward winter reckoning yields;” b. “Then these delights my mind might move/To live with thee and be thy love.” c. “These pretty pleasures might me move/To live with thee and be thy love.” d. “If all the world and love were young/And truth in every shepherd’s tongue.” 18.) Which of the quotations below BEST relates to the concept of carpe diem? a. “The glorious lamp of heaven…” b. “Sits on thy skin like morning dew…” c. “Old Time is still a flying…” d. “Gather ye rosebuds while ye may…” 19.) “The glorious lamp of heaven, the sun, the higher he’s a-getting, the sooner will his race be run, and nearer he’s to setting” is an example of a. hyperbole, exaggerating the brightness of the sun. b. allusion to the Greek God of the sun Helios. c. metaphor, comparing the sun to a mountain. d. personification of the sky. 20.) Which of the following do Petrarchan and Shakespearean sonnets have in common? a. Rhyme scheme b. Length c. Question and answer format d. Both are organized as an octet and a sestet. 21.) What is the purpose of the couplet in the English or Shakespearean sonnet? a. To offer an idea contrary to the ideas expressed earlier in the poem. b. To introduce a new idea. c. To summarize the poet’s message and offer a final commentary. d. To provide a final metaphor for the audience’s consideration. 22.) Which of the following elements of comedy are NOT used by Shakespeare in The Merchant of Venice? a. A clown-like character b. Puns c. Slapstick d. Clever language 23.) Which of the following is NOT a theme of The Merchant of Venice? a. Things are not always what they seem. b. Man’s inhumanity to man. c. Friendship and loyalty. d. Rites of passage or coming of age. 24.) In which act of a Shakespearean play is the climax MOST likely to occur? a. Act 1 b. Act 3 c. Act 4 d. Act 5 25.) “If though be’st born to strange sights . . . ride ten thousand days and nights . . . thou, when thou return’st will tell me all strange wonders than befell thee, and swear nowhere lives a woman true and fair” is an example of a. hyperbole. b. metaphor. c. conceit. d. paradox. 26.) In “A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning” Donne uses a metaphysical conceit which compares a. A teacher and student to Greek Gods. b. A husband and wife to animals who have mated for life. c. Separation from a loved one to an earthquake. d. A husband and wife to the two hands of a compass. 27.) Which of the following is the BEST example of a paradox? a. “Death be not proud, though some have called thee/Mighty and dreadful,” b. Though art a slave to fate, chance, kings and desperate men,” c. “And death shall be no more; Death thou shalt die.” d. “One short sleep past, we wake eternally.” 28.) Parables use the literary devices of a. Rhythm and metrical balance. b. Varied line length and startling imagery. c. Symbolism and allegory. d. Figures of speech and complex diction. 29.) Which of the following words is made up of Greek and Latin roots? a. Geography b. Childish c. Holiness d. None of the above 30.) What kinds of questions does didactic literature try to answer? a. Questions of history, such as, “What was Lao tzu really like?” b. Questions of prophecy, such as, “When will the world end?” c. Questions of social etiquette, such as, “How should I seat guests at a formal dinner?” d. Questions of life’s meaning and purpose, such as, “How should I live?” 31.) What is the primary change in paradigm (worldview) during the 18th century and the Restoration? a. People started asking for rational instead of supernatural explanations. b. People stopped believing in God. c. The government recognized and encouraged religious intolerance. d. People stopped viewing literature as functional and instead viewed it as an unnecessary luxury. 32.) When Jonathan Swift says that his proposal is “solid and real, of no expense and little trouble” he is using a. Paradox b. Imagery c. Parallelism d. Verbal irony 33.) Which of the following represents faulty logic? a. Poor people get sick. b. Children are expensive to raise. c. The profit from selling children will improve the economy. d. Eating children will decrease the population. 34.) “To err is human, to forgive, is divine” is an example of a. paradox b. metaphor c. logical fallacy d. antithesis 35.) All of the following are true about satire except: a. It is one of the oldest forms of literature. b. It flourishes in times of intellectual freedom and equality. c. Humor and exaggeration play a big part in satire. d. It appears in all forms of literature (essays, drama, poetry, etc.). 36.) Which of the following is a purpose shared by Cervantes and Voltaire in writing their two satires? a. To criticize the repressive governments they lived in. b. To advocate for reform of social problems. c. To criticize the philosophy and literature of their respective times. d. To make fun of the lower class. 37.) Which of the following provides the best example of parallelism? a. Their chief use if for delight. b. To spend too much time in studies is sloth, using them for ornament is affection. c. Crafty men despise studies; simple men admire them. d. Histories make men wise; poets are wise because they study wit. 38.) Which of the following is the best example of an implicit argument? a. Young men should be required to serve in the military for two years. b. Women should not be allowed to serve in the military. c. The military would benefit from having more young men serve. d. Women are not suited for military service. 39.) Why did Daniel Defoe write “The Education of Women”? a. To encourage women to get education so that they could more easily find employment. b. To encourage women to have access to education so that they could be better wives. c. To encourage women to forsake education for their domestic responsibilities. d. To prove that women are inferior to men. 40.) What is the best way to figure out a poet’s theme? a. Look for a line in which the poet states the theme directly. b. Infer the theme from details, images, and symbols. c. Analyze the rhyme scheme and meter of the poem. d. Use the poet’s biography as a clue. 41.) Which of the following comparisons does Blake use to develop the theme of “A Poison Tree”? a. Evil is compared to a snake. b. The results of evil are compared to a poison apple. c. London is compared to biblical England. d. Rage is compared to a howling wind. 42.) Which of the following statements is the best example of dramatic irony? a. “A little black thing in times of woe crying ‘weep, ‘weep in notes of woe.” b. “Though all the morning was cold, Tom was happy and warm; so, if all do their duty they need not fear harm.” c. “I was angry with my friend; I told my anger and my wrath did end.” d. “Tyger, tyger burning bright, in the forests of the night.” 43.) What do all the different types of irony have in common? a. They all use witty language. b. They rely on the character’s ignorance about the situation. c. There is some degree of discrepancy between expectation and reality. d. They all utilize language that is sarcastic or nasty. 44.) Which of the following phrases uses synesthesia? a. “Cooled a long age in the deep-delved earth…” b. “Of beechen green, and shadows numberless…” c. “Here, where men sit and hear each other groan…” d. “And leaden-eyed despairs…” 45.) For the Romantic poets, nature is a. A force that acts on the human mind. b. A constant source of pleasure. c. A menacing and hostile presence in their lives. d. A force that humans cannot control. 46.) Which of following lines from the poem “Lines Composed a Few Miles Above Tintern Abbey” is NOT strict blank verse? a. “And passing even into my purer mind, …” b. “The Landscape with the quiet of the sky.” c. “Five years have past; five summers with the length, …” d. “The day is come when I again repose, …” 47.) Which of following sentences is the best example of personification? a. b. c. d. “Ships, towers, domes, heroes…” “glittering in the smokeless air…” “Ne’er saw I, never felt, a calm so deep!” “The river glideth at its own sweet will…” 48.) In “The World Is Too Much with Us,” Wordsworth uses allusion to emphasize the speaker’s connection to a. The material world b. The sea c. Ancient civilizations d. Christianity 49.) In “As e’er beneath a waning moon was haunted / By women wailing for her demon-lover!” in what words does alliteration appear? a. as, a, was b. demon, lover, woman c. waning, women, wailing d. her, e’er, haunted 50.) Which of the following contains assonance? a. “A little distance from the prow…” b. “Sweetly, sweetly, blew the breeze-“ c. “The cold sweat melted from their limbs?” d. “And soon I heard a roaring wind;” 51.) Which of the following influences on the Romantic period are apparent in Frankenstein? a. The monster as a Romantic hero who is rejected from society. b. Allusions to The Rime of the Ancient Mariner and other Romantic works. c. An example of human nature’s conflict with experience. d. All of the above 52.) What role does nature play in Frankenstein? a. It seems to react to Victor’s feelings and thoughts. b. It seems to cause problems for Victor. c. It is an essential part of Victor’s ability to create life. d. Both A and C 53.) Frankenstein follows three distinct storylines that are woven together. They are: a. The stories of Henry Clerval, Victor Frankenstein, and the monster. b. The stories of the monster, Elizabeth Frankenstein, and the University. c. The stories of Robert Walton, the monster, and Victor Frankenstein. d. The stories of Robert Walton, Henry Clerval, and Victor Frankenstein. 54.) The word that best describes the ideal behavior according to literary Victorians is a. Immoral b. Genteel c. Defiant d. Slothful 55.) Many Victorian writers hoped that their work would a. Create new styles of comedy b. Reestablish Romantic ideals c. Eliminate poverty d. Raise doubts about materialism 56.) The term “word music” includes all of the following except a. Rhythm and meter b. Rhyme and repetition c. Simile and metaphor d. Alliteration and assonance 57.) Which of the following statements from “Ulysses” DOES NOT represent a theme of the poem? a. “I am part of all that I have met…” b. “Far on the ringing plains of windy Troy.” c. “Old age hath yet his honor and his toil.” d. “Though much is taken, much abides…” 58.) The line “willows whiten, aspens quiver” demonstrates Tennyson’s use of a. Alliteration and assonance b. Assonance and rhyme c. Rhyme and dissonance d. Dissonance and alliteration 59.) Because “My Last Duchess” is a dramatic monologue, the reader a. Can read the speaker’s unvoiced thoughts b. Can read the poet’s comments about the speaker c. Must infer all meanings from what the speaker says d. Can “overhear” the conversation between the speaker and the listener 60.) “How Much Land Does a Man Need?” is an allegory because a. the devil appears at least once. b. it presents and answers a question. c. it deals with simple people. d. its characters and events stand for abstract ideas or moral concepts. 61.) Which of the following best demonstrates the difference between the British and Russian views of progress initiated by the industrialization and modernization of the nineteenth century? a. British authors focused on the agrarian aspects of modernization, while the Russians focused on the impact of city life. b. British writers were most concerned with the social changes and problems brought about by the technology itself, but Tolstoy was focused on the spiritual effects of progress. c. British authors focused on the problems inherent in the technology itself, while Tolstoy focused on the social problems. d. They had essentially the same view. 62.) Which line from “The Bet” makes an explicit thematic statement? a. “Fifteen years’ imprisonment had taught him to sit still.” b. “His reading suggested a man swimming in the sea among wreckage of his ship and trying to save his life by greedily clutching first at one spar and then at another.” c. “The one means of being saved from bankruptcy and disgrace is the death of that man!” d. “You have lost your reason and taken the wrong path. You have taken lies for truth and hideousness for beauty.” 63.) Guy de Maupassant’s “The Jewels” is an example of a. Romantic writing. b. naturalism, a branch of realism. c. strict realism. d. none of the above. 64.) Which statement about symbolism if true? a. Symbols are necessary in any work of literature. b. A symbol’s meaning is always obvious to the reader. c. A symbol stands both for itself and something else. d. A symbol must be an inanimate object. 65.) The rocking horse in “The Rocking-Horse Winner” most likely symbolizes a. Jealousy b. Materialism c. Evil d. Anger 66.) Which of the following best describers world literature today? a. Most plots are difficult to discern. b. Literature is either satirical or ironic. c. Political concerns are rarely addressed. d. Works from former colonies of European nations are read the world over. 67.) What paradox, or seeming contradiction, does Orwell point out concerning his behavior in front of the crowd in “Shooting an Elephant”? a. Although he was experienced in college dramatics, he was very nervous in front of the crowd. b. Although he was the person with the elephant gun, he did a very clumsy job of shooting the elephant. c. Although he was a very efficient colonial officer, he hated colonialism. d. Although he seemed to be in the position of leader, he only acted because the crowd expected him to. 68.) Which of the four authors in the “Politcal Points of View” section (Orwell, Lessing, Chamberlain, and Nehru) did NOT observe the British Empire from the standpoint of a colonizer? a. George Orwell b. Doris Lessing c. Joseph Chamberlain d. Jawaharlal Nehru 69.) Which of the following phrases from “The Rear-Guard” is an oxymoron? a. “blackening wound” b. “stinking place” c. “rosy gloom” d. “unanswering heap” 70.) “The Hollow Men” contains allusions to all of the following EXCEPT: a. Karl Marx and Darwin b. Shakespeare and Dante c. British History and nursery rhymes d. Ancient Greek philosophy and Christian beliefs 71.) Which of the following is the best example of a logical appeal? a. An argument using evidence and examples b. An argument using strong language and references to God c. An argument encouraging listeners and readers to make a moral choice d. An argument given in order of importance 72.) An inference about a symbol a. Must be expressed in terms of another symbol. b. Is usually not based on much evidence. c. Can lead to insights about theme. d. Is always also an insight into a character. 73.) Which aspect of “On the Bottom” indicates that is a memoir and not a history? a. The author narrates his own experience in the first person. b. It concerns events that some people living still remember. c. It is about the Nazi Holocaust. d. It describes specific events in the lives of specific individuals. 74.) Which statement about the rhetoric of the three texts in the “Defending Human Rights” topic is true? a. The “Universal Declaration of Human Rights” is written in a deliberately obscure style in order to confuse censors. b. Desmond Tutu’s experience as a clergyman has enriched his sentence rhythms and his imagery. c. Tailoring her speech for a mass audience, Aung San Suu Kyi has used short, crisp sentences and simple words. d. All three documents are written in essentially the same impersonal prose style. 75.) A theme in literature reflects an author’s a. Intuition b. Purpose c. Insight d. Individuality 76.) In “The Second Coming,” what is Yeats’ prophecy for modern civilization? a. World War II will kill millions of civilians and ...

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