PHYS230 University of Alberta Changing Views of Universe Answers

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It's a short paper from course PHYS-230 Changing Views of Universe

Question:The Neolithic society that built Stonehenge expended immense resources in order to construct one of the world’s first “high-tech” astronomical installations. Was this effort worth the resources devoted to the project?

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QUESTION: The Neolithic society that built Stonehenge expended immense resources in order to construct one of the world’s first “high-tech” astronomical installations. Was this effort worth the resources devoted to the project? ANSWER: [Answer “Yes” or “No”, with brief explanation supporting choice] BACKGROUND INFORMATION: Stonehenge is a well-known Neolithic structure in England. It was built in several phases, between ~3100 BC and ~1600 BC. Who built the structure—and how—remain largely unresolved. There are many theories as to why it was built. What is known is that its primary design and structure—its axial symmetry—aligns with Winter solstice sunset and Summer solstice sunrise. Radiocarbon dating of nearby debris indicates that crowds congregated at Stonehenge during the Winter solstice. Thus, many scholars argue that Stonehenge represents one of the world’s first astronomical observatories. It was, in effect, a “high-tech” (for the time) calendar, constructed of stone, for marking the seasons. Significantly, estimates of the effort to construct Stonehenge are remarkable. At least 1.5 million hours of work (and perhaps much more!) were needed to build and modify it. DECISION STANDARD USED: JUSTIFICATION OF STANDARD: 1 ANALYSIS: 2 ________________________________________________________________________ Below are some Guidelines to assist in the preparation of your First Short Paper: 1. Template and Format. Use the Word document template posted on Blackboard. In particular, use the format provided; including cover page; 2 pages of text (3 max), with indicated sections; page numbers; single-spacing; and 12-point type. 2. Question: Use as given; do not change. If you have issues, contact me. 3. Answer: You must answer “Yes” or “No”, with brief (1-sentence) explanation. No indecision! This is a “No right answer” type of question. You will not be graded on your answer. I couldn’t care less whether you answer Yes or No. It’s all about your analysis. 4. Background. Use as given. If you want to add to, subtract from, or dispute anything provided in the Background section, you are free to do so on the Analysis section. 5. Standard Used. You must explicitly set out, in 1-3 simple sentences, what standard (i.e., rule or metric) you are using to analyze and justify your decision of Yes or No. Choice of decision standard is extremely important to any analysis. It will not only guide—but heavily influence—how you approach and solve the problem. 6. Standard Justification. In this section, you must justify your choice of decision standard. Explain how you chose the standard that you did, and what other alternatives you considered. You must use a rational, logical framework for justifying your standard. For example, you may not use as your justification such arguments as: “My mom visited Stonehenge and hated it”; or “It turned out to make a great tourist attraction”; etc. 7. Analysis. In this section, you apply your decision standard—using a pro-and-con (advantages vs. disadvantages) approach—to your facts in order to justify your answer. 8. Proof Reading. Please proof read your paper for spelling errors, grammatical mistakes, and logical consistency. The best way to proof a document is to read it, slowly, out loud. You will be surprised at how many mistakes you will catch. Be sure also to use spell and grammar check! 9. Footnotes. If you rely on outside sources for additional information, which is encouraged, make sure to properly document these sources. You can use a separate page for references or footnotes, which will not count towards your 2-3 page limit of text. Final note: You do not need to include this Guidelines page with your paper. These Guidelines are for your use only. 3 ...
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Tutor Answer

Msharon
School: Duke University

Attached.

Running head: STONEHENGE MONUMENTS

The Neolithic society
Name
Professor
Course
Date

1

STONEHENGE MONUMENTS

2
Question

The Neolithic society that built Stonehenge expended immense resources in order to construct one
of the world’s first “high-tech” astronomical installations. Was this effort worth the resources
devoted to the project?
Answer
Yes, Stonehenge deserved all the effort and resources devoted to its construction because we could
not be having a prehistoric site dating 5000 years today.
Background
Stonehenge is a well-known Neolithic structure in England. It was built in several phases,
between ~3100 BC and ~1600 BC. Who built the structure—and how—remain largely unresolved.
There are many theories as to why it was built. What is known is that its primary design and
structure—its axial symmetry—aligns with Winter solstice sunset and Summer solstice sunrise.
Radiocarbon dating of nearby debris indicates that crowds congregated at Stonehenge during the
Winter solstice. Thus, many scholars argue that Stonehenge represents one of the world’s first
astronomical observatories. It was, in effect, a “high-tech” (for the time) calendar, constructed of
stone, for marking the seasons. Significantly, estimates of the effort to construct Stonehenge are
remarkable. At least 1.5 million hours of work (and perhaps much more!) were needed to build
and modify it.
Decision standard used
I think the Stonehenge monument deserved all the time and resources devoted to its co...

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