Short Art Essay

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In this 1776 engraving by an anonymous artist, Great Britain is depicted on the left as a staid, stern matron, while America, on the right, is shown as a half-dressed American Indian. Why do you think the artist depicted the two opposing sides this way?

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Introduction For the next three primary source analyses, you will be given a document or image to review. The first step is confirm what kind of document or artifact you are working with, summarize the content, and then begin to analyze it's meaning. This assignment is designed to be written out in full sentence and full paragraph format, in 1-2 pages in length (700 words). The first part of your submission will answer the first ten questions below, under "Working with Visual [or Written] Sources" below. You will also address questions 2 and 3 under the Specific Instructions. Keep in mind that these kinds of analysis help us contextualize documents and artifacts in their specific time and place as well as addressing who created them, and also help us empathize or better understand historical actors and actions. Document under Analysis for PSA 2: In this 1776 engraving by an anonymous artist, Great Britain is depicted on the left as a staid, stern matron, while America, on the right, is shown as a half-dressed American Indian. Why do you think the artist depicted the two opposing sides this way? Specific Instructions For each of your three (3) analysis submissions, you should submit the following for full credit on the assignment: 1. Answers to all ten questions for either a written document or visual document (found below); 2. A brief discussion of the connections you make using this evidence: to what other things that you know or have learned can you link this source? This can be people, ideas, events, etc. Be as thorough as possible; 3. A brief reflection that answers what the source reveals to you personally about the past (that may be different from your analysis in parts 1 & 2), and if you recommend this evidence as critical to understanding – or not! – and why. 4. Each submission should be 1-2pages in length (approximately 700 words), typed, 12pt font, and should include the title of the source you analyze. Follow this example at the top of your submission: Author Last Name, Author First Name. “Title of source.” Title of Additional source in which the primary source is located or where you found it. Publishing location or publisher, date/year of publication. Working with Visual Sources Begin with the Basics - understanding: 1. When and where was the image/artifact created? 2. Who made the image or artifact? Who paid for or commissioned it? For what audience(s) was it intended? 3. Where was the original image/artifact originally displayed or used? This information is generally found in the textbook or accompanying the image(s). If it is unclear and you use an outside source to assist you, you must cite the source. Description – higher level understanding: 4. If the source is an image – who or what is depicted? What activities are shown? How might you describe the positioning of figures, their clothing, hairstyles, and other visual cues? 5. If the source is an object or building – how would you describe its major features? Third Level – interpretation (based on context): 6. What likely purpose or function did the image or artifact serve? 7. What message(s) does it seek to convey? 8. How could it be interpreted differently depending on who viewed it or used it? 9. What are the meanings of any symbols or other abstract features in the visual source? 10. What can the image or artifact tell us about the society that produced it and the time period in which it was created? ...
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Surname: 1
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Analysis of The Female Combatants (1776)
Basics
The Female Combatants, or, Who Shall, was created in England in 1776. Little is known
about the creator of the image as well as the individual or organization that commissioned it. The
Female Combatants was acquired from the Alfred Bowditch by the Lewis Walpole Library, Yale
University in 1966. Its intended audience are people at every knowledge level.
Description
The image depicts a physical brawl between two women. Great Britain, embodied as a
regally dressed Britannia with a high sense of fashion, threatens to force her rebellious colonial
offspring to obedience saying: “I’ll force you to obedience, you rebellious slut” (Gibbs 55).
America, who is depicted as a half-naked Indian decorated in tattoos as well as a feathered skirt
and headdress, defies her “mother” with a cry for liberty saying “Liberty, Liberty forever,
Mother, while I exist” (Gibbs 55). Overall, therefore, Britain is embodied as a fashionable lady
while America, her rebellious daughter, is embodied as an Indian princess. This depiction of
America serves as a representation of the common anthropomorphic image of the colonies of
North America as a hostile but virgin, beautiful but vulnerable princess of Native American in a
“state of nature.” Further, the braw features a right hook to the breast, as the Britannia appears to

Surname: 2
be hitting the Native American’s right naked breast with her right hand. This, combined with the
saucy language, makes the image titillating and helps grab the attention of the audience.
Interpretation
The likely purpose of the image was to serve as a portrayal of the contending
understandings of liberty. Britons, just like the rebelling North American colonists, often
portrayed America as Native American. Nonetheless, their goal for doing this was to reject the
colonist’s claims for independence since they believed they had a “natural right” to liberty
(Gibbs 55). The message conveyed by the image is that the British and the American colonists
had differing ideological premises. Notably, the brawl and verbal exchange between Mother
England and Daughter America help the audience understand that Great Britain focused on
authority and submission while America conceptualized the government as, unlike the
relationship between a parent and a child, based upon consent and free choice (McKellop para.
3). In the image, the artist utilizes different symbols to help convey its message. Beside America
is a blossoming...

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Anonymous
Tutor went the extra mile to help me with this essay. Citations were a bit shaky but I appreciated how well he handled APA styles and how ok he was to change them even though I didnt specify. Got a B+ which is believable and acceptable.

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